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Master of the Reichenau school


Christ talking to his disciples

Gospels of Emperor Otto III., Scene

Gospels of Emperor Otto III., Scene

Gospels of Emperor Otto III., Scene

Pericopes of Henry II., Scene


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Master of the Reichenau School
Working Period: around 1000
  Monastery Reichenau (Lake Constance)

The term Reichenauer Malschule or Reichenauer school originating from different artists works of "Reichenauer Illumination" of the 10th and 11th centuries are summarized.

This is a group of about 40 mostly liturgical luxury manuscripts, which are among the highlights of the Art in the 10th and 11th centuries. Due style critical arguments one suspects a common origin on the monastic island of Reichenau. The paleographic characteristics refer however to the scriptoria of Trier, Cologne and Seeon. As foundations of secular and ecclesiastical princes they came to churches across the Ottonian and Salian kingdom where they only on special occasions found use because of its precious refinement.

Part of today preserved in libraries across Europe codices belongs since 2003 to the UNESCO World Documentary Heritage. [1] [2]

Works (selection)

Bamberger Daniel comment in the State Library Bamberg
Bamberg Apocalypse in the State Library Bamberg
Codex Egberti in the Stadtbibliothek Trier
Egbert Psalter in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Cividale
Gospels of Otto III. in the Bavarian State Library, Munich
Epistolary in Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
Gospel Book from the Bamberg Cathedral in the Bavarian State Library
Evangelistary Poussay in the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris
Gero-Codex in the University and State Library Darmstadt
Gesta Witigowonis in the Badische Landesbibliothek
Hildesheim Orationale in Dombibliothek Hildesheim
Hillinus Codex in the Archbishop's diocesan and cathedral library Cologne
Liuthar gospels in the Aachen Cathedral Treasury
Missale fragment in Paris at the Bibliothèque nationale de France
Peter Hausener Sakramentar in Heidelberg University Library
Pericopes of Henry II. In the Bavarian State Library
Reichenau Gospel Lectionary of Leipzig City Library on permanent loan to the University Library in Leipzig
Reichenau Pericopes in the Herzog August Library in Wolfenbüttel


Patricia Engel, Bernhard Gallistl: The Reichenau manuscripts of Hildesheim Cathedral Library and the Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel compared. In: Wolfenbütteler posts 15, 2009, pp 129-178.
Eckhart G. Franz (ed.): The Codex Egberti. Handwriting 34 Stadtbibliothek Trier. Darmstadt of 2005.
Walter Gernsheim: The Illumination of Reichenau. Dissertation. Munich 1934th
Rainer Kahsnitz: Koimesis - dormitio - assumptio. Byzantine and ancient in the miniatures of Liuthargruppe. In: Festschrift Carl Falk north. Stockholm 1987, pp 91-122.
Anne Korteweg: The Evangelistar Clm 23338 and its position within the Reichenau school manuscripts. In: Festschrift for Florentine Mütherich. Munich 1985. pp 125-144.
Thomas Labusiak: The Ruodprechtgruppe Ottonian Reichenau painting. Picture sources - ornamentation - stylistic requirements. (Monuments German Art). German publisher for Art Research, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-87157222-7.
Irmgard boiling: To Illumination of Ottonian and Salian time. Critical comments on the state of research with a list of important publications from 1963 to 1999. In: Journal of the German Society for Art Research. 52/3 1998/9, pp 151-196.
Gude Suckale-Redlefsen and Bernhard Schemmel (Hg.): The book with seven seals. Exhibition catalog Bamberg. Lucerne 2000, p 93ff.
Ursmar Engelmann: Reichenauer Illumination, initials of a Lectionary of the early 10th century, Dover, New York et al 1971
Wilhelm Vöge: A German school of painting at the turn of the first millennium. Critical studies of the history of painting in Germany in the 10th and 11th centuries. (West German Magazine of History and Art. Ergänzungsheft 7). Trier 1891st
Christine Szkiet: Reichenauer codices in Schaffhausen. The early manuscripts of Schaffhauser Allerheiligenklosters and their position in the southwest German book illumination of the 11th century. 2005. ISBN 3 9377 19 08 3


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