-+- ART -+-

- Art Gallery -

-+- ART -+-

Buy Fine Art

Mark Catesby

 Drawing - The Barracuda, Esox Barracuda by Mark Catesby

The Barracuda, Esox Barracuda

 Drawing - Blue Winged Shoveler, Anas Clypeata Foemina by Mark Catesby

Blue Winged Shoveler, Anas Clypeata Foemina

 Drawing - The Sole, Pleuronectes Lunatus by Mark Catesby

The Sole, Pleuronectes Lunatus

 Drawing - The Round Crested Duck, Mergus Cucullatus by Mark Catesby

The Round Crested Duck, Mergus Cucullatus

 Drawing - The Sucking Fish, Echeneis Naucratis by Mark Catesby

The Sucking Fish, Echeneis Naucratis

 Drawing - The Swallow Tail Hawk, Falco Furcatus by Mark Catesby

The Swallow Tail Hawk, Falco Furcatus

 Drawing - The Bahama Coney, Mus Monax by Mark Catesby

The Bahama Coney, Mus Monax

 Drawing - Red Mottled Rock-crab, Cancer Grapsus by Mark Catesby

Red Mottled Rock-crab, Cancer Grapsus

 Drawing - Centipede, Scolopendra Morsitans by Mark Catesby

Centipede, Scolopendra Morsitans

 Drawing - The Coach-whip Snake, Coluber Flagellum by Mark Catesby

The Coach-whip Snake, Coluber Flagellum

 Drawing - The Cat Fish, Silurus Catus by Mark Catesby

The Cat Fish, Silurus Catus

 Drawing - The Croker, Perca Undulata by Mark Catesby

The Croker, Perca Undulata

 Drawing - The Mangrove Snapper, Labrus Griseus by Mark Catesby

The Mangrove Snapper, Labrus Griseus

 Drawing - The Porgy, Sparus Chrysops by Mark Catesby

The Porgy, Sparus Chrysops

 Drawing - The Bald Eagle, Falco Leucocephalus by Mark Catesby

The Bald Eagle, Falco Leucocephalus

 Drawing - The Yellow Throated Creeper by Mark Catesby

The Yellow Throated Creeper

 Drawing - The Soree, Rallus Virginianus by Mark Catesby

The Soree, Rallus Virginianus

 Drawing - The Soree, Rallus Virginianus by Mark Catesby

The Soree, Rallus Virginianus

 Drawing - The Wood Pelican, Tantalus Loculator by Mark Catesby

The Wood Pelican, Tantalus Loculator

 Drawing - The Yellow And Black Pye, Oriolus Icterus by Mark Catesby

The Yellow And Black Pye, Oriolus Icterus

 Drawing - The Ribbon Snake, Coluber Saurita by Mark Catesby

The Ribbon Snake, Coluber Saurita

 Drawing - The Vanelloe, Epidendrum Vanilla by Mark Catesby

The Vanelloe, Epidendrum Vanilla

 Drawing - The Towhe Bird, Fringilla Erythrophthalma by Mark Catesby

The Towhe Bird, Fringilla Erythrophthalma

 Drawing - The Rice-bird, Emberiza Oryzivora by Mark Catesby

The Rice-bird, Emberiza Oryzivora

 Drawing - The Viper-mouth, Silurus Cataphractus by Mark Catesby

The Viper-mouth, Silurus Cataphractus

 Drawing - The Rock Fish, Perca Venenosa by Mark Catesby

The Rock Fish, Perca Venenosa

 Drawing - The Land-crab, Cancer Ruricola by Mark Catesby

The Land-crab, Cancer Ruricola

 Drawing - The Pied-billed Dobchick, Colymbus Podiceps by Mark Catesby

The Pied-billed Dobchick, Colymbus Podiceps

 Drawing - The Purple Martin, Hirundo Purpurea by Mark Catesby

The Purple Martin, Hirundo Purpurea

 Drawing - The Pole Cat, Viverra Putorius by Mark Catesby

The Pole Cat, Viverra Putorius

 Drawing - The Fieldfare Of Carolina, Turdus Migratorius by Mark Catesby

The Fieldfare Of Carolina, Turdus Migratorius

 Drawing - The Cutwater, Rhynchops Nigra by Mark Catesby

The Cutwater, Rhynchops Nigra

 Drawing - Cat's Claw, Mimosa Circinalis by Mark Catesby

Cat's Claw, Mimosa Circinalis

 Drawing - The Grey Fox Squirrel, Sciurus Cinereus by Mark Catesby

The Grey Fox Squirrel, Sciurus Cinereus

 Drawing - The Blue Heron, Ardea Coerulea by Mark Catesby

The Blue Heron, Ardea Coerulea

Mark Catesby (24 March 1683 – 23 December 1749) was an English naturalist. Between 1729 and 1747 Catesby published his Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands, the first published account of the flora and fauna of North America. It included 220 plates of birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, insects, mammals and plants.
Mark Catesby's birthplace in Castle Hedingham, Essex

Life and works

Catesby was born on 24 March 1683 and baptised at Castle Hedingham, Essex on 30 March 1683. His father, John Catesby (buried 12 November 1703), was a local politician and gentleman farmer. His mother was Elizabeth Jekyll (buried 5 September 1708). The family owned a farm and house, Holgate, in Sudbury, Suffolk as well as property in London. An acquaintance with the naturalist John Ray led to Catesby becoming interested in natural history. The death of his father left Catesby enough to live on, so in 1712, he accompanied his sister Elizabeth to Williamsburg, Virginia. She was the wife of Dr. William Cocke, who had been a member of the Council and Secretary of State for the Colony of Virginia. According to their father's will, Elizabeth had married Dr. Cocke against her father's wishes.[1] Catesby visited the West Indies in 1714, and returned to Virginia, then home to England in 1719.
Title page, volume two, second edition of Catesby's The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands, London, 1754

Catesby had collected seeds and botanical specimens in Virginia and Jamaica. He sent the pressed specimens to Dr Samuel Dale of Braintree in Essex, and gave seeds to a Hoxton nurseryman Thomas Fairchild as well as to Dale and to the Bishop of London, Dr Henry Compton. Plants from Virginia, raised from Catesby's seeds, made his name known to gardeners and scientists in England, and in 1722 he was recommended by William Sherard to undertake a plant-collecting expedition to Carolina on behalf of certain members of the Royal Society. From May 1722, Catesby was based in Charleston, South Carolina, and travelled to other parts of that colony, collecting plants and animals. He sent preserved specimens to Hans Sloane and to William Sherard, and seeds to various contacts including Sherard and Peter Collinson. Consequently, Catesby was responsible for introducing such plants as Catalpa bignonioides[2] and the eponymous Catesbaea spinosa (lilythorn) to cultivation in Europe. Catesby returned to England in 1726.
The ivory-billed woodpecker, which was sadly later to become extinct in North America, although one was reportedly sighted in the wild in Arkansas in 2005.[3] Here the bird is shown in association with the willow oak,Quercus phellos. Plate from Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands (1729–1747)

Catesby spent the next twenty years preparing and publishing his Natural History. Publication was financed by subscriptions from his "Encouragers" as well as an interest-free loan from one of the fellows of the Royal Society, the Quaker Peter Collinson. Catesby learnt how to etch the copper plates himself. The first eight plates had no backgrounds, but from then on Catesby included plants with his animals. He completed the first part in May 1729 and presented it to Queen Caroline; first volume, comprising five parts, was finished in November 1732. Mark Catesby was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in February 1733 and was made a member of the Society of Gentlemen of Spalding in December 1743. The second volume containing another five parts was completed in December 1743, and in 1747 he produced a supplement[4] from material sent to him by friends in America, particularly John Bartram, and also his younger brother, John, who was based with a British regiment in Gibraltar.[5] Not all the plates in Natural history are by Catesby: several, including the splendid and famous image of Magnolia grandiflora were by Georg Ehret.[6] Catesby's original preparatory drawings for Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands are in the Royal Library, Windsor Castle, and selections have been exhibited in USA, Japan and various places in England including at the Queen's Gallery, London, in 1997–1998, and Gainsborough House in Sudbury in 2015. On 5 March 1747, Catesby read a paper entitled "Of birds of passage" to the Royal Society in London, and he is now recognised as one of the first people to describe bird migration.

Mark Catesby married Elizabeth Rowland on 8 October 1747 in St George's Chapel, Hyde Park Corner, but they had been a couple for about 17 years, having at least six children between April 1731 and June 1740. They were parishioners of St Giles Cripplegate in London and later, when that parish was subdivided, of St Luke Old Street. He died just before Christmas 1749 on Saturday 23 December in his house behind St Luke Old Street, London, and was buried in its churchyard. His grave is now lost. Catesby's Hortus britanno-americanus ... was published posthumously in 1763, and a second edition, entitled Hortus Europae americanus ... was issued in 1767.

The Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus included information from Catesby's Natural History in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae (1758).


Legacy

Catesbaea, lilythorn, a genus of thorny shrubs belonging to Rubiaceae (madder family) from the West Indies and southeastern USA was named after Catesby, originally by J. K. Gronovius. However, under present rules of nomenclature, this name was formally published by Linnaeus in 1753 in his Species plantarum (volume 1, pp 108–109), based on plate 100 in volume two of Catesby's Natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands.

The American bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, is named in honor of Catesby.[7]

Catesby is commemorated in the scientific names of two species of New World snakes: Dipsas catesbyi and Uromacer catesbyi.[8]
Gallery of Catesby's images

Lachnolaimus maximus, 1725

Anguinis viridis, 1743

Lophodytes cucullatus, 1748

Ventro Rubro, Melanerpes carolinus, 1749

Turdus minimus (now Catharus minimus) and dahoon holly (Ilex cassine), 1754

Rana Aquatica, The Water-Frog, 1754

Cance Chelis Rubis, The red-claw Crab; Titanokeratophyton &c., 1754

Melanerpes erythrocephalus, 1754

Coccothraustes rubra (probably Cardinalis cardinalis) and Nux Juglans alba Virginiensis, 1754

Ardea herodias, 1771

Eudocimus ruber

"Queen angelfish", Holacanthus ciliaris

"Longnose gar", Lepisosteus osseus

See also

List of wildlife artists

References

Rowe, Linda H. "William Cocke (1672–1720)". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
Nelson, E. Charles (2014). Catalpah — Called so by the Indians. Hortus 112 (Winter): 78–85
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/04/0428_050428_extinctwoodpecker.html
Overstreet, Leslie K. (2014). "The dates of the parts of Mark Catesby'sThe natural history of Carolina… (London, 1731–1743 [1729–1747])". Archives of Natural History. 41: 362–364. doi:10.3366/anh.2014.0256.
Nelson, E. Charles (2013). "The Catesby brothers and the early eighteenth-century natural history of Gibraltar". Archives of Natural History. 40: 357–360. doi:10.3366/anh.2013.0185.
Nelson, E. Charles (2014). "Georg Dionysius Ehret, Mark Catesby and Sir Charles Wager's Magnolia grandiflora: an early eighteenth-century picture puzzle resolved". Rhododendrons, camellias and magnolias. 65: 36–51.
Beltz, Ellin (2006). Scientific and Common Names of the Reptiles and Amphibians of North America – Explained. ebeltz.net/herps/biogappx.html.

Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Catesby", p. 50).

Further reading
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mark Catesby.
Wikisource has the text of a 1900 Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography article about Mark Catesby.

Jackson, Christine E. (1985). Bird Etchings: The Illustrators and Their Books, 1655-1855. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9684-5.
Walters, Michael (2003). A Concise History of Ornithology. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 1-873403-97-6.
Wiatt, Alex L. (1992). The Descendants of Stephen Field of King and Queen County, Virginia, 1721. Fredericksburg, Virginia: BookCrafters.
McBurney, Henrietta; Myers, Amy R. W. (1997). Mark Catesby's Natural History of America. The watercolours from the Royal Library Windsor Castle. London: Merrell Holberton, in association with The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. ISBN 185894038-9.
Myers, Amy R. W.; Pritchard, M. B. (1998). Empire's Nature. Mark Catesby's New World Vision. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-4762-3.
Nelson, E. Charles; Elliott, David J. (2015). The curious Mister Catesby a "truly ingenious" naturalist explores new worlds. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 978-0-8203-4726-4.

External links

Catesby Commemoration Trust
Catesby, Mark (1729–32). The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and (v1). Online scanned edition from Rare Book Room.
Catesby, Mark (1734–43, 1747). The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and (v2). Online scanned edition from Rare Book Room.
Catesby, Mark (1729-1747). The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahamas Electronic edition: high quality images and user-friendly text from the American Studies Programs at the University of Virginia.
University of South Florida Libraries: Catesby Collection
View works by Mark Catesby online at the Biodiversity Heritage Library.
Digitized works by Mark Catesby at the John Carter Brown Library can be viewed here.

Fine Art Prints | Greeting Cards | Phone Cases | Lifestyle | Men's , Women' Apparel | Home Decor ...

----

Artist, France

Artist

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M -
N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Paintings, List

Zeichnungen, Gemälde

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

World

Index

Hellenica World - Scientific Library