Lucy Angeline Bacon (July 30, 1857 – October 17, 1932) was a Californian artist who studied in Paris under the famous Impressionist Camille Pissarro. She is the only known Californian artist to have studied under any of the great French Impressionists.
Born in 1857 in Pitcairn, New York. Bacon graduated by 1879 from the Potsdam Normal School in New York.
She was encouraged to pursue art by her family, including her brother Albert Vickery. She was related to Robert K. Vickery by marriage. In the 1890s, he was a part-owner of a San Franciscan gallery, Vickery, Atkins & Torrey.
Bacon studied in New York City at the Art Students League and the National Academy of Design. In 1892 she left for Paris to continue her studies at the Académie Colarossi. She then studied with Camille Pissarro, as advised by American painter Mary Cassatt.
Lucy Bacon, Garden Landscape, 1894-1896, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
She then moved to Éragny and made Impressionist paintings. By 1898, she lived in San Jose and was exhibiting paintings such as A San Jose Garden at the San Francisco Art Association. She moved to California in the hope of improving chronic illness. She taught at Washburn School in San Jose and painted from her home studio.
In the spring of 1902, her works were exhibited at the Mark Hopkins Institute of Art in San Francisco. In 1905, while Lucy Bacon renounced her painting career and devoted herself to religion, possibly finding it eased her health problems, she continued to teach art. By 1909, she was living in San Francisco. Lucy Bacon was a member of the Indian Fair Committee of the New Mexico Association on Indian Affairs (NMAIA) and Eastern Association on Indian Affairs (EAIA) in 1927, which exhibited works by Native American artists. She died in San Francisco in 1932.
Garden Landscape, made between 1894 and 1896, is among the collection of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.
William H. Gerdts; Will South (January 1998). California Impressionism. Abbeville Press Publishers. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-7892-0176-8.
Deborah Epstein Solon; Will South (2002). In and Out of California: Travels of American Impressionists. New York: Hudson Hills. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-55595-225-9.
Deborah Epstein Solon; Will South (2002). In and Out of California: Travels of American Impressionists. New York: Hudson Hills. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-55595-225-9.
"‘Pissarro’s People’ at home at San Francisco’s Legion of Honor". San Francisco Examiner. San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
William H. Gerdts; Will South (January 1998). California Impressionism. Abbeville Press Publishers. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-7892-0176-8.
San Jose City Directory Including Santa Clara County. F.M. Husted. 1902. p. 76.
Mark Hopkins Institute Review of Art. June 1902. p. 18.
Jennifer McLerran (2009). A New Deal for Native Art: Indian Arts and Federal Policy, 1933-1943. University of Arizona Press. pp. 60, 244. ISBN 978-0-8165-2766-3.
"Garden Landscape". Smithsonian Institution Research Information Systems. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
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