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Lucas Cranach the elder

Paintings

Law and Gospel. Damnation and Salvation Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Law and Gospel. Damnation and Salvation

Damnation and Redemption. Law and Grace Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Damnation and Redemption. Law and Grace

Crucifixion Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Crucifixion

Portrait of a young lady holding grapes and apples Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a young lady holding grapes and apples

Hercules and Antaeus Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Hercules and Antaeus

Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon

Phyllis and Aristotle Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Phyllis and Aristotle

Judith with the Head of Holofernes Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judith with the Head of Holofernes

Saint Christopher Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Saint Christopher

Adam Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam

Madonna and Child with Saint John and Angels Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna and Child with Saint John and Angels

The Garden of Eden Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Garden of Eden

The Princesses Sibylla Emilia and Sidonia of Saxony Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Princesses Sibylla Emilia and Sidonia of Saxony

The Virgin with Child with a Bunch Grapes Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Virgin with Child with a Bunch Grapes

The Virgin Suckling the Child Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Virgin Suckling the Child

The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship

The Last Judgment Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Last Judgment

The Virgin and Child Under an Apple Tree Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Virgin and Child Under an Apple Tree

The Bocca della Verita. The Mouth of Truth Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Bocca della Verita. The Mouth of Truth

The Crucifixion with the Converted Centurion Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Crucifixion with the Converted Centurion

The Faun Family Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Faun Family

The dying man beneath the Trinity above the bereaved family pray for his soul's salvation Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The dying man beneath the Trinity above the bereaved family pray for his soul's salvation

The Judgment of Paris Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Judgment of Paris

The Young Christ adored by Saint John the Baptist Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Young Christ adored by Saint John the Baptist

The Martyrdom of Saint Catherine Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Martyrdom of Saint Catherine

The Martyrdom of Saint Barbara Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Martyrdom of Saint Barbara

The Three Graces Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Three Graces

The Close of the Silver Age Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Close of the Silver Age

The Nymph of the Fountain Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Nymph of the Fountain

The Ill-Matched Couple Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Ill-Matched Couple

Saint Anne with the Duchess Barbara of Saxony as Donor Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Saint Anne with the Duchess Barbara of Saxony as Donor

Christ and the Adulteress Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ and the Adulteress

Hercules at the Crossroads Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Hercules at the Crossroads

Madonna under the fir tree Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna under the fir tree

Portrait of the Emperor Charles V Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of the Emperor Charles V

Virgin Mary with the Child and Saint John the Baptist Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Virgin Mary with the Child and Saint John the Baptist

Saint Helena with the Cross Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Saint Helena with the Cross

Madonna and Child with the Infant John the Baptist and Angels Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna and Child with the Infant John the Baptist and Angels

Adoration of The Child Jesus by St John the Baptist Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adoration of The Child Jesus by St John the Baptist

Christ's Farewell to the Holy Women Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ's Farewell to the Holy Women

Stag hunt of Elector Frederick the Wise of Saxony Emperor Maximilian I and Elector Johann. Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Stag hunt of Elector Frederick the Wise of Saxony Emperor Maximilian I and Elector Johann.

Judith with the Head of Holofernes and a Servant Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judith with the Head of Holofernes and a Servant

Portrait of Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous

Hunting in honor of Charles V near the Castle of Torgau Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Hunting in honor of Charles V near the Castle of Torgau

Hunting in honor of Ferdinand I of the castle near Torgau Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Hunting in honor of Ferdinand I of the castle near Torgau

Portrait of Frederick the Wise, Duke of Saxony Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Frederick the Wise, Duke of Saxony

Saint Elizabeth with Duke George of Saxony as Donor Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Saint Elizabeth with Duke George of Saxony as Donor

Portrait of a Woman Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Woman

Lot and his daughters Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lot and his daughters

Saint George Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Saint George

Portrait of Martin Luther Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Martin Luther

Lukas Spielhausen Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lukas Spielhausen

Hercules and Atlas Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Hercules and Atlas

David and Bathsheba Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

David and Bathsheba

Cupid Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Cupid

Portrait of Georg Spalatin Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Georg Spalatin

Virgin and child with a bunch of grapes Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Virgin and child with a bunch of grapes

Madonna and Child 2 Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna and Child 2

Madonna and Child Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna and Child

Portrait of John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, half-length Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, half-length

Lucretia Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia

Johannes Bugenhagen Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Johannes Bugenhagen

Portrait of Joachim II Elector of Brandenburg Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Joachim II Elector of Brandenburg

Christ as Man of Sorrows Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ as Man of Sorrows

Venus with Cupid stealing honey Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Venus with Cupid stealing honey

Portrait of a Man with a spotted Fur Collar Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Man with a spotted Fur Collar

Charity 2 Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Charity 2

Adam and Eve Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam and Eve

Duchess Katharina von Mecklenburg Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Duchess Katharina von Mecklenburg

Mary as Mother of Sorrows Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Mary as Mother of Sorrows

Lot and his Daughters Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lot and his Daughters

Margrave Casimir von Brandenburg-Culmbach Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Margrave Casimir von Brandenburg-Culmbach

Christ as Man of Sorrows Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ as Man of Sorrows

Lucretia 2 Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia 2

Lucretia 3 Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia 3

Lucretia 4 Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia 4

Lucretia 5 Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia 5

Lucretia 6 Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia 6

Lucretia 7 Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia 7

Portrait of Martin Luther Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Martin Luther

Samson and Delilah Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Samson and Delilah

Saint Maurice Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop

Saint Maurice

Penitent Saint Jerome Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Penitent Saint Jerome

Old Man beguiled by Courtesans Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Old Man beguiled by Courtesans

Apollo and Diana Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Apollo and Diana

Saints Genevieve and Apollonia Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Saints Genevieve and Apollonia

Saints Christina and Ottilia Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Saints Christina and Ottilia

Portrait of a Woman Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Man probably Johann Feige Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Man probably Johann Feige

The Last Judgment Triptych Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Last Judgment Triptych

Portrait of Joachim II. of Brandenburg as Prince Elector Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Joachim II. of Brandenburg as Prince Elector

Portrait of a Man with a Rosary Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Man with a Rosary

The Fountain of Youth Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Fountain of Youth

Venus and Cupid Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Venus and Cupid

Cupid complaining to Venus Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Cupid complaining to Venus

Charity Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Charity

A Faun and His Family with a slain Lion Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

A Faun and His Family with a slain Lion

An ill-matched Pair Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

An ill-matched Pair

Adam and Eve Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam and Eve

Melancholy Print by Lucas Cranach the Elder

Melancholy

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam and Eve

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judith with the Head of Holofernes and a Servant

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judith with the Head of Holofernes

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Mary as Mother of Sorrows

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ As Man Of Sorrows

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Penitent Saint Jerome

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Margrave Casimir von Brandenburg-Culmbach

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Ill-Matched Couple

Lucas Cranach the Elder

A Faun and His Family with a slain Lion

Lucas Cranach the Elder

An ill-matched Pair

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Crucifixion

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Crucifixion

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Johann the Steadfast

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Woman

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Man, probably Johann Feige

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Cupid complaining to Venus

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Charity

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna and Child with Saint John and Angels

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam and Eve

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Apollo and Diana in a wooded landscape

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Silver Age

Lucas Cranach the Elder

David and Bathsheba

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Penitent St Jerome

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The fountain of youth detail: Arrival of old women

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Artist with his family , detail

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The enamored Old Man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The enamored Old Man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Diana and Actaeon

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Payment ( In-Laws )

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Eve

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Feast of Herod

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Nativity ( Holy Night , Christmas )

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Heracles at Omphale

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Stag and boar hunt

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Deer hunting Frederick the Wise , detail

Lucas Cranach the Elder

St. St. Anne

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judith

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judith

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Catherine's altar , General View

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Crucifixion

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Crucifixion

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna under the apple tree , detail

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna under the apple tree , detail

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Madonna under the apple tree , detail

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Anna Cuspinian

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of the Wife of Dr. Johann Stephan Reuss

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of the Duchess Katharina von Mecklenburg

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Princess Sibylle of Cleve as a bride

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Dr. Johannes Cuspinian

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Heinrich dsr Pious of Saxony

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Johann Friedrich , Elector of Saxony

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Johannes Geiler von Kaiserberg

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Albrecht of Brandenburg as St. Jerome

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Albrecht of Brandenburg as St. Jerome

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Dr . Johannes Schoner

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a woman

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a young lady

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a noblewoman as Mary Magdalene

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Saxon princess

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a mayor of White Rock

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Young Girl ( Magdalena Luther? )

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a young man with beret

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Saxon prince

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Luther's father

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Knight with two sons

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Knight with two sons , detail

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Rest on the Flight

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Dormant Diana

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Dormant Source Nymph

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Self portrait at 77 years

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Stigmatization of St. Francis

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Torgau Prince Altar

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Downfall of Pharaoh in the Red Sea

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judgment of Paris

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judgment of Paris

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judgment of Paris

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Venus

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Venus in a landscape

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Venus and Cupid

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Venus and Cupid

Drawings

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Farewell Christ from his mother

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam and Eve in Paradise

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam and Eve in Paradise

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Allegory of the Fall and Redemption

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Altar Design

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ and the adulteress

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ and the thief on the cross

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ before Caiaphas , fragment

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Christ before Pilate

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Silver Age

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Judgment of Paris

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judgement of Solomon

Lucas Cranach the Elder

David and Bathsheba

Lucas Cranach the Elder

David and Bathsheba

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Decorative design , St. Anthony in a niche

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Decorative design , Kneeling Cherub in Tondo

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Decorative design , putto holding coats of arms in Tondo

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Decor scheme , Sleeping soldier in front of a fireplace with two candlesticks angels

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Decorative design , Schloßgibel with balcony and Landsknecht

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Decorative design , Samsons battle with the lion

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The kneeling St. Eustace in a landscape

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The healing of the haemophiliac woman

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Design for an Epitaph

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Women attacking clergy

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Women attacking clergy

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Flagellation of Christ

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Hercules at Omphale

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Stag

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Deer and Stag

Lucas Cranach the Elder

St. George

Lucas Cranach the Elder

St. Margaretha

Lucas Cranach the Elder

St. Martin with the beggar

Lucas Cranach the Elder

John the Baptist in a Mountainous Landscape

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judith

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Calvary

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Head of a young man with hat

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Head of a boy

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia, directed to the left

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucretia, directed to the right

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Death of the Virgin

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Martyrdom of St. Julian

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Maximilian prayer book

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Maximilian prayer book

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Maximilian prayer book

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Maximilian prayer book

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Maximilian prayer book

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Maximilian prayer book

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Maximilian prayer book

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Maximilian prayer book

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Princess Catherine of Brunswick- Grubenhagen

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Prince Wolfgang of Anhalt

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Duke Ernst the Confessor of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of the Duke Ernst IV of Brunswick-Grubenhagen

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of Duke Philip of Pomerania

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Saxon princess

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Bearded Man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a Bearded Man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a beardless man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a beardless man with beret

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a boy

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Portrait of a man

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of a ma

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of a man with a broad-brimmed hat

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of a man with a fur hat

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of a Saxon prince

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of a Saxon prince

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of a man

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of Luther's father, Hans

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Knight and Lady

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Back Nude

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Dormant Source nymph

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Thief on the cross , to the left

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Thief on the cross , to the right

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Black boar

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Sitting nude couple , playing music

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Fall and redemption of man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

foolish Virgin

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Dead almond Crow

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Dead deer

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Dead deer

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Forest landscape

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Wild boar

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Wild boar

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Boars and dogs

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Two dead Gimpel

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Two dead waxwings

Illustrations

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the Twelve Apostles ," Christ

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Andrew

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Bartholomew

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. James Major

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. James the Younger

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. John the Evangelist

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Jude Thaddeus

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Matthew

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Matthias

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Paul

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Peter

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Philip

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Simon

Lucas Cranach the Elder
"Christ and the twelve apostles " St. Thomas

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Jacob's Ladder of St. Bonaventura ," upper part

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Jacob's Ladder of St. Bonaventura ," lower part : Hell

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Andrew

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Bartholomew

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. James Major

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. James the Younger

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. John

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Jude Thaddeus

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Matthew

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Matthias

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Peter

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Philip

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Simon

Lucas Cranach the Elder
" Martyrdom of the twelve apostles " St. Thomas

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Old Testament and New Testament

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Penitent St Jerome

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Christ on the Mount of Olives

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Christ and the Samaritan Woman

Lucas Cranach the Elder
The standing on the grave of Jesus child

Lucas Cranach the Elder
The bishops of Magdeburg Ernest and Albert of Brandenburg with the model of a chapel

Lucas Cranach the Elder
noblewoman

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Beheading of St. Barbara

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Beheading of John the Baptist

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Beheading of John the Baptist

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for " Passion of the Christ ," Christ on the Mount of Olives

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for " Passion of the Christ ," Betrayal of Christ

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for the " Passion of Christ" , Christ before Annas

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for the " Passion of Christ" , Christ before Caiaphas

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for " Passion of the Christ ," Christ before Herod

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for " Passion of the Christ ," Flagellation of Christ

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for " Passion of the Christ ," Christ Crowned with Thorns

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for the " Passion of Christ" , Christ is shown to the people ( Ecce Homo )

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for the " Passion of Christ" , hand washing of Pilate

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for " Passion of the Christ ," Cross

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for the " Passion of Christ" , Calvary

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for " Passion of the Christ ," Lamentation of Christ

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for " Passion of the Christ ," Entombment of Christ

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sequence for the " Passion of Christ" , the resurrection

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Prince on the boar hunt

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Prince in armor

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Prince with his lady on horseback

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Georg Spalatin adoring the crucifix

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Heaven and hell car of Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Deer

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Deer hunting

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. St. Anne

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. Barbara

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. Christopher

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. George standing

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. George on horseback

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. George on horseback

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. George slaying the dragon

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. Catherine

Lucas Cranach the Elder
St. Michael

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Holy family

Lucas Cranach the Elder
John the Baptist Preaching

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Calendar of Boniface of Czorbegk

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Calvary

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Calvary

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Map of the Promised Land

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Landsknecht

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Landsknecht and the girl

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Mary, St. John , St. Sebastian and St. Roch with the arms of the Heart of Jesus consecrated brotherhood

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Mary and Frederick the Wise

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Life of the Virgin , Life of Mary

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Life of the Virgin , The Death of Mary

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Martyrdom of St. Erasmus

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sacrificial death of Marcus Curtius

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of the Duchess Sibylle of Saxony

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of Duke John Frederick of Saxony

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of King Christian II of Denmark

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of Frederick the Wise

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of John I of Saxony

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of Luther as Junker Jörg

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Prince on horseback

Lucas Cranach the Elder

knight

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Rest on the Flight

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Rest on the Flight

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Man of Sorrows and St. Bernard

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Seven Joys of Mary

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Fall of man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Fall of man

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Tournament

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Tournament

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Tournament with lances

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Tournament with swords

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Judgment of Paris

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Venus and Cupid

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Annunciation

Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Temptation of St. Anthony

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Four illustrations to Our Father : creation of the world , Mass, Pentecost , Cross

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Four illustrations to The Lord's Prayer : Wonderful power, the parable of the unmerciful servant , Temptation of Christ, wife of Canaa

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Vision of St. Mary Magdalene

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Coat of Arms of the Hess Family

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Coat of arms of Caspar von Schoenaich

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Coat of arms of Degenhart Pfeffinger

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Arms of the Duke John IV of Saxe- Lauenburg , Bishop of Hildesheim

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Coat of arms of Johann Scheiring

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Coat of arms of the Elector John the Steadfast of Saxony

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Coat of Arms of the Wittenberg doctor Crest Dr. Th Bloch

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Werewolf

Fine Art Prints | Greeting Cards | Phone Cases | Lifestyle | Face Masks | Men's , Women' Apparel | Home Decor | jigsaw puzzles | Notebooks | Tapestries | ...

Lucas Cranach The Elder Art - The Garden of Eden by Lucas Cranach the Elder

The Garden of Eden

Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Ältere, c. 1472 – 16 October 1553) was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of the leaders of the Protestant Reformation, whose cause he embraced with enthusiasm, becoming a close friend of Martin Luther. He also painted religious subjects, first in the Catholic tradition, and later trying to find new ways of conveying Lutheran religious concerns in art. He continued throughout his career to paint nude subjects drawn from mythology and religion. He had a large workshop and many works exist in different versions; his son Lucas Cranach the Younger, and others, continued to create versions of his father's works for decades after his death. Lucas Cranach the Elder has been considered the most successful German artist of his time.[1]

Early life
Signature of Cranach the Elder from 1508 on: winged snake with ruby ring (as on painting of 1514)

He was born at Kronach in upper Franconia, probably in 1472. His exact date of birth is unknown. He learned the art of drawing from his father Hans Maler (his surname meaning "painter" and denoting his profession, not his ancestry, after the manner of the time and class).[2] His mother, with surname Hübner, died in 1491. Later, the name of his birthplace was used for his surname, another custom of the times. How Cranach was trained is not known, but it was probably with local south German masters, as with his contemporary Matthias Grünewald, who worked at Bamberg and Aschaffenburg (Bamberg is the capital of the diocese in which Kronach lies). There are also suggestions that Cranach spent some time in Vienna around 1500.[2]

According to Gunderam (the tutor of Cranach's children) Cranach demonstrated his talents as a painter before the close of the 15th century. His work then drew the attention of Duke Friedrich III, Elector of Saxony, known as Frederick the Wise, who attached Cranach to his court in 1504. The records of Wittenberg confirm Gunderam's statement to this extent that Cranach's name appears for the first time in the public accounts on the 24 June 1504, when he drew 50 gulden for the salary of half a year, as pictor ducalis ("the duke's painter"). Cranach was to remain in the service of the Elector and his successors for the rest of his life, although he was able to undertake other work.[2]

Cranach married Barbara Brengbier, the daughter of a burgher of Gotha and also born there; she died at Wittenberg on 26 December 1540. Cranach later owned a house at Gotha, but most likely he got to know Barbara near Wittenberg, where her family also owned a house, that later also belonged to Cranach.[2]
Career

The first evidence of Cranach's skill as an artist comes in a picture dated 1504. Early in his career he was active in several branches of his profession: sometimes a decorative painter, more frequently producing portraits and altarpieces, woodcuts, engravings, and designing the coins for the electorate.

Early in the days of his official employment he startled his master's courtiers by the realism with which he painted still life, game and antlers on the walls of the country palaces at Coburg and Locha; his pictures of deer and wild boar were considered striking, and the duke fostered his passion for this form of art by taking him out to the hunting field, where he sketched "his grace" running the stag, or Duke John sticking a boar.

Before 1508 he had painted several altar-pieces for the Castle Church at Wittenberg in competition with Albrecht Dürer, Hans Burgkmair and others; the duke and his brother John were portrayed in various attitudes and a number of his best woodcuts and copper-plates were published.

In 1509 Cranach went to the Netherlands, and painted the Emperor Maximilian and the boy who afterwards became Emperor Charles V. Until 1508 Cranach signed his works with his initials. In that year the elector gave him the winged snake as an emblem, or Kleinod, which superseded the initials on his pictures after that date.

Cranach was the court painter to the electors of Saxony in Wittenberg, an area in the heart of the emerging Protestant faith. His patrons were powerful supporters of Martin Luther, and Cranach used his art as a symbol of the new faith. Cranach made numerous portraits of Luther, and provided woodcut illustrations for Luther's German translation of the Bible.[3] Somewhat later the duke conferred on him the monopoly of the sale of medicines at Wittenberg, and a printer's patent with exclusive privileges as to copyright in Bibles. Cranach's presses were used by Martin Luther. His apothecary shop was open for centuries, and was only lost by fire in 1871.

Cranach, like his patron, was friendly with the Protestant Reformers at a very early stage; yet it is difficult to fix the time of his first meeting with Martin Luther. The oldest reference to Cranach in Luther's correspondence dates from 1520. In a letter written from Worms in 1521, Luther calls him his "gossip", warmly alluding to his "Gevatterin", the artist's wife. Cranach first made an engraving of Luther in 1520, when Luther was an Augustinian friar; five years later, Luther renounced his religious vows, and Cranach was present as a witness at the betrothal festival of Luther and Katharina von Bora.[2] He was also godfather to their first child, Johannes "Hans" Luther, born 1526. In 1530 Luther lived at the citadel of Veste Coburg under the protection of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and his room is preserved there along with a painting of him. The Dukes became noted collectors of Cranach's work, some of which remains in the family collection at Callenberg Castle.

The death in 1525 of the Elector Frederick the Wise and Elector John's in 1532 brought no change in Cranach's position; he remained a favourite with John Frederick I, under whom he twice (1531 and 1540) filled the office of burgomaster of Wittenberg.

In 1547, John Frederick was taken prisoner at the Battle of Mühlberg, and Wittenberg was besieged. As Cranach wrote from his house to the grand-master Albert, Duke of Prussia at Königsberg to tell him of John Frederick's capture, he showed his attachment by saying,

I cannot conceal from your Grace that we have been robbed of our dear prince, who from his youth upwards has been a true prince to us, but God will help him out of prison, for the Kaiser is bold enough to revive the Papacy, which God will certainly not allow.

During the siege Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, remembered Cranach from his childhood and summoned him to his camp at Pistritz. Cranach came, and begged on his knees for kind treatment for Elector John Frederick.

Three years afterward, when all the dignitaries of the Empire met at Augsburg to receive commands from the emperor, and Titian came at Charles's bidding to paint King Philip II of Spain, John Frederick asked Cranach to visit the city; and here for a few months he stayed in the household of the captive elector, whom he afterward accompanied home in 1552.

He died at age 81 on October 16, 1553, at Weimar, where the house in which he lived still stands in the marketplace.[1]

Cranach had two sons, both artists: Hans Cranach, whose life is obscure and who died at Bologna in 1537; and Lucas Cranach the Younger, born in 1515, who died in 1586.[2] He also had three daughters. One of them was Barbara Cranach, who died in 1569, married Christian Brück (Pontanus), and was an ancestor of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

His granddaughter married Polykarp Leyser the Elder, thus making him an ancestor of the Polykarp Leyser family of theologians.


Veneration

The Lutheran Church remembers Cranach as a great Christian on April 6 along with Dürer,[4] and possibly Matthias Grünewald or Burgkmair.[5] The liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA) honors Cranach, Dürer and Grünewald on August 5.


Works and art
Adam and Eve woodcut.
The Ill-Matched Couple, 1532.

The oldest extant picture by Cranach is the Rest of the Virgin during the Flight into Egypt, of 1504. The painting already shows remarkable skill and grace, and the pine forest in the background shows a painter familiar with the mountain scenery of Thuringia. There is more forest gloom in landscapes of a later time.

Following the huge international success of Dürer's prints, other German artists, much more than Italian ones, devoted their talents to woodcuts and engravings. This accounts for the comparative unproductiveness as painters of Albrecht Dürer and Hans Holbein the Younger, and also may explain why Cranach was not especially skilled at handling colour, light, and shade. Constant attention to contour and to black and white, as an engraver, seems to have affected his sight; and he often outlined shapes in black rather than employing modelling and chiaroscuro.

The largest proportion of Cranach's output is of portraits, and it is chiefly thanks to him that we know what the German Reformers and their princely adherents looked like. He painted not only Martin Luther himself but also Luther's wife, mother and father. He also depicted leading Catholics like Albert of Brandenburg, archbishop elector of Mainz, Anthony Granvelle and the Duke of Alva.
"Kreuzigung Christi" (English: "Crucifixion of Christ"), 1503

A dozen likenesses of Frederick III and his brother John are dated 1532. It is characteristic of Cranach's prolific output, and a proof that he used a large workshop, that he received payment at Wittenberg in 1533 for "sixty pairs of portraits of the elector and his brother" on one day. Inevitably the quality of such works is variable.


Religious subjects

Cranach's religious subjects reflect the development of the Protestant Reformation, and its attitudes to religious images. In his early career, he painted several Madonnas; his first woodcut (1505) represents the Virgin and three saints in prayer before a crucifix. Later on he painted the marriage of St. Catherine, a series of martyrdoms, and scenes from the Passion.

After 1517 he occasionally illustrated the old subjects, but he also gave expression to some of the thoughts of the Reformers, although his portraits of reformers were more common than paintings of religious scenes. In a picture of 1518, where a dying man offers "his soul to God, his body to earth, and his worldly goods to his relations", the soul rises to meet the Trinity in heaven, and salvation is clearly shown to depend on faith and not on good works.

Other works of this period deal with sin and divine grace. One shows Adam sitting between John the Baptist and a prophet at the foot of a tree. To the left God produces the tables of the law, Adam and Eve partake of the forbidden fruit, the brazen serpent is reared aloft, and punishment supervenes in the shape of death and the realm of Satan. To the right, the Conception, Crucifixion and Resurrection symbolize redemption, and this is duly impressed on Adam by John the Baptist. There are two examples of this composition in the galleries of Gotha and Prague, both of them dated 1529.
Madonna under the fir tree (1510), Archdiocesan Museum, Wrocław. One of the most distinguished and elaborated of the Cranach's Madonnas.

Towards the end of his life, after Luther's initial hostility to large public religious images had softened, Cranach painted a number of "Lutheran altarpieces" of the Last Supper and other subjects, in which Christ was shown in a traditional manner, including a halo, but the apostles, without halos, were portraits of leading reformers. He also produced a number of violent anti-Catholic propaganda prints, in a cruder style, directed against the Papacy and the Catholic clergy. His best known work in this vein was a series of prints for the pamphlet Passional Christi und Antichristi, where scenes from the Passion of Christ were matched by a print mocking practices of the Catholic clergy, so that Christ driving the money-changers from the Temple was matched by the Pope, or Antichrist, signing indulgences over a table spread with cash (see gallery below).

One of his last works is the altarpiece, completed after his death by Lucas Cranach the Younger in 1555, for the Stadtkirche (city church) at Weimar. The iconography is original and unusual: Christ is shown twice, to the left trampling on Death and Satan, to the right crucified, with blood flowing from the lance wound. John the Baptist points to the suffering Christ, whilst the blood-stream falls on the head of a portrait of Cranach, and Luther reads from his book the words, "The blood of Christ cleanseth from all sin."


Mythological scenes
Venus and Cupid

Cranach was equally successful in somewhat naive mythological scenes, in which at least one slim female figure, naked except for a transparent drape, and perhaps for a large hat, nearly always features.

These are mostly in narrow upright formats; examples are several of Venus, alone or with Cupid, who has sometimes stolen a honeycomb, and complains to Venus that he has been stung by a bee (Weimar, 1530; Berlin, 1534). Diana with Apollo, shooting a bow, and Hercules sitting at the spinning-wheel mocked by Omphale and her maids are other such subjects. A similar approach was taken with the biblical subjects of Salome and Adam and Eve.

These subjects were produced early in his career, when they show Italian influences including that of Jacopo de' Barberi, who was at the court of Saxony for a period up to 1505. They then become rare until after the death of Frederick the Wise. The later nudes are in a distinctive style which abandons Italian influence for a revival of Late Gothic style, with small heads, narrow shoulders, high breasts and waists. The poses become more frankly seductive and even exhibitionist.[6]

Humour and pathos are combined at times with strong effect in pictures such as Jealousy (Augsburg, 1527; Vienna, 1530), where women and children are huddled into groups as they watch the strife of men wildly fighting around them. A lost canvas of 1545 is said to show hares catching and roasting hunters. In 1546, possibly under Italian influence, Cranach composed the Fons Juventutis ("Fountain of Youth"), executed by his son, a picture in which older women are seen entering a Renaissance fountain, and exiting it transformed into youthful beauties.


See also
Portal icon Saints portal

Early Renaissance painting

References and sources

References

The Jack and Belle Linsky Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1984. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-87099370-1. "Lucas Cranach the Elder was perhaps the most successful German artist of his time."
"About Lucas Cranach". Cranach Digital Archive. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
"Gallery Label for Crucifixion".
http://www.lcms.org/page.aspx?pid=506
Lutheranism 101 edited by Scot A. Kinnaman, CPH, 2010

Snyder, James (1985). Northern Renaissance Art. Harry N. Abrams. p. 383. ISBN 0-13-623596-4.

Sources

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cranach, Lucas". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Further reading

Luther, Martin (1521) Passional Christi und Antichristi Reprinted in W.H.T. Dau (1921) At the Tribunal of Caesar: Leaves from the Story of Luther's Life. St. Louis: Concordia. (Google Books)
Posse, Hans (1942) Lucas Cranach d. ä. A. Schroll & Co., Vienna OCLC 773554 in German
Descargues, Pierre (1960) Lucas Cranach the Elder (translated from the French by Helen Ramsbotham) Oldbourne Press, London, OCLC 434642
Ruhmer, Eberhard (1963) Cranach (translated from the German by Joan Spencer) Phaidon, London, OCLC 1107030
Friedländer, Max J.and Rosenberg, Jakob (1978) The Paintings of Lucas Cranach Tabard Press, New York ISBN 0-914427-31-8
Schade, Werner (1980) Cranach, a Family of Master Painters (translated from the German by Helen Sebba) Putnam, New York, ISBN 0-399-11831-4
Stepanov, Alexander (1997) Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1472–1553 Parkstone, Bournemouth, England, ISBN 1-85995-266-6
Koerner, Joseph Leo (2004) The reformation of the image University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ISBN 0-226-45006-6
Moser, Peter (2005) Lucas Cranach: His Life, His World, His Pictures (translated from the German by Kenneth Wynne) Babenberg Verlag, Bamberg, Germany, ISBN 3-933469-15-5
Brinkmann, Bodo et al. (2007) Lucas Cranach Royal Academy of Arts, London, ISBN 1-905711-13-1
Heydenreich, Gunnar (2007) Lucas Cranach the Elder: Painting materials, techniques and workshop practice, Amsterdam University Press, ISBN 978-90-5356-745-6
Hyman, Timothy (April 16, 2008). "Cranach's golden age". TLS.

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