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John William Waterhouse

John William Waterhouse

The Mystic Wood

John William Waterhouse

Orpheus

John William Waterhouse

The Annunciation

John William Waterhouse

Dante and Beatrice

John William Waterhouse

Woman Picking Flowers

John William Waterhouse

Thisbe

John William Waterhouse

The Slave

John William Waterhouse

Undine

John William Waterhouse

Gone, But Not Forgotten

John William Waterhouse

Sleep and His Half Brother Death

John William Waterhouse

Miranda

John William Waterhouse

After the Dance

John William Waterhouse

The Visit of a Sick Child to the Temple of Aesculapius

John William Waterhouse

The Remorse of Nero After the Murder of His Mother

John William Waterhouse

Its sweet doing nothing

John William Waterhouse

A Flower Stall

John William Waterhouse

Its sweet doing nothing

John William Waterhouse

The Household Gods

John William Waterhouse

Diogenes

John William Waterhouse

The favourites of Emperor Honorius

John William Waterhouse

Consulting the Oracle

John William Waterhouse

Esther Kenworthy

John William Waterhouse

Saint Eulalia

John William Waterhouse

Resting

John William Waterhouse

The Magic Circle

John William Waterhouse

Cleopatra

John William Waterhouse

Mariamne Leaving the Judgement Seat of Herod

John William Waterhouse

The Lady of Shalott

John William Waterhouse

Ophelia

John William Waterhouse

The Toilet

John William Waterhouse

Two Little Italian Girls by a Village

John William Waterhouse

A Roman Offering

John William Waterhouse

Circe Offering the Cup to Ulysses

John William Waterhouse

Ulysses and the Sirens

John William Waterhouse

Circe Invidiosa

John William Waterhouse

Sketch for A Mermaid

John William Waterhouse

The Merman

John William Waterhouse

A Hamadryad

John William Waterhouse

The Beautiful Lady Without Pity

John William Waterhouse

The Naiad

John William Waterhouse

The Lady of Shalott

John William Waterhouse

Ophelia

John William Waterhouse

Phyllis Waterlow

John William Waterhouse

Saint Cecilia

John William Waterhouse

The Flower Picker

John William Waterhouse

Hylas and the Nymphs

John William Waterhouse

Mariana in the South

John William Waterhouse

Ariadne

John William Waterhouse

Flora and the Zephyrs

John William Waterhouse

Pandora

John William Waterhouse

The Awakening of Adonis

John William Waterhouse

A Mermaid

John William Waterhouse

Destiny

John William Waterhouse

Nymphs Finding the Head of Orpheus

John William Waterhouse

The Crystal Ball

John William Waterhouse

The Missal

John William Waterhouse

Windflowers

John William Waterhouse

Boreas

John William Waterhouse

Echo and Narcissus

John William Waterhouse

Psyche entering Cupid's Garden

John William Waterhouse

Psyche Opening the Golden Box

John William Waterhouse

Lamia and the Soldier

John William Waterhouse

Jason and Medea

John William Waterhouse

Lady Violet Henderson

John William Waterhouse

Apollo and Daphne

John William Waterhouse

Gather Ye Rosebuds or Ophelia

John William Waterhouse

The Bouquet

John William Waterhouse

The Soul of the Rose

John William Waterhouse

Gather Ye Rosebuds While Ye May

John William Waterhouse

Ophelia

John William Waterhouse

Ophelia

John William Waterhouse

Spring Spreads One Green Lap of Flowers

John William Waterhouse

Listen to my Sweet Pipings

John William Waterhouse

Maidens picking Flowers by a Stream

John William Waterhouse

Miss Betty Pollock

John William Waterhouse

The Charmer

John William Waterhouse

Penelope and the Suitors

John William Waterhouse

Portrait of Mrs.Charles Schreiber

John William Waterhouse

Sweet Summer

John William Waterhouse

A Song of Springtime

John William Waterhouse

Beatrice

John William Waterhouse

I am Half Sick of Shadows', said the Lady of Shalott

John William Waterhouse

A Tale from the Decameron

John William Waterhouse

Fair Rosamund

John William Waterhouse

Flower Sketch for The Enchanted Garden

John William Waterhouse

Flora

John William Waterhouse

Gathering Almond Blossoms

John William Waterhouse

Miranda

John William Waterhouse

Tristan and Isolde

John William Waterhouse

The Enchanted Garden

John William Waterhouse

Juliet

John William Waterhouse

Portrait of Miss Claire Kenworthy

John William Waterhouse

St.Joan

John William Waterhouse

The Easy Chair

John William Waterhouse

The Loggia

Narcissus

Narcissus

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John William Waterhouse - Echo and Narcissus by John William Waterhouse

Echo and Narcissus

Diogenes - Diogenes by John William Waterhouse

Diogenes

John William Waterhouse (born between January and April 1849; died 10 February 1917) was an English painter known for working in the Pre-Raphaelite style. He worked several decades after the breakup of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, which had seen its heyday in the mid-nineteenth century, leading to his sobriquet "the modern Pre-Raphaelite".[1] Borrowing stylistic influences not only from the earlier Pre-Raphaelites but also from his contemporaries, the Impressionists,[1] his artworks were known for their depictions of women from both ancient Greek mythology and Arthurian legend.

Born in Italy to English parents who were both painters, he later moved to London, where he enrolled in the Royal Academy of Art. He soon began exhibiting at their annual summer exhibitions, focusing on the creation of large canvas works depicting scenes from the daily life and mythology of ancient Greece. Later on in his career he came to embrace the Pre-Raphaelite style of painting despite the fact that it had gone out of fashion in the British art scene several decades before.

Although not as well known as earlier Pre-Raphaelite artists such as Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt, Waterhouse's work is currently displayed at several major British art galleries, and the Royal Academy of Art organised a major retrospective of his work in 2009.

Biography
Early life

Waterhouse was born in the city of Rome to the English painters William and Isabella Waterhouse in 1849, in the same year that the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, including Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt, were first causing a stir in the London art scene.[2] The exact date of his birth is unknown, though he was baptised on 6 April, and the later scholar of Waterhouse's work, Peter Trippi, believed that he was born between 1 and 23 January.[3] His early life in Italy has been cited as one of the reasons why many of his later paintings were set in ancient Rome or based upon scenes taken from Roman mythology.

In 1854, the Waterhouses returned to England and moved to a newly built house in South Kensington, London, which was near to the newly founded Victoria and Albert Museum. Waterhouse, or 'Nino' as he was nicknamed, coming from an artistic family, was encouraged to get involved in drawing, and often sketched artworks that he found in the British Museum and the National Gallery.[4] In 1871 he entered the Royal Academy of Art school, initially to study sculpture, before moving on to painting.
Early career

Waterhouse's early works were not Pre-Raphaelite in nature, but were of classical themes in the spirit of Alma-Tadema and Frederic Leighton. These early works were exhibited at the Dudley Gallery, and the Society of British Artists, and in 1874 his painting Sleep and his Half-brother Death was exhibited at the Royal Academy summer exhibition.[5] The painting was a success and Waterhouse would exhibit at the annual exhibition every year until 1916, with the exception of 1890 and 1915. He then went from strength to strength in the London art scene, with his 1876 piece After the Dance being given the prime position in that year's summer exhibition. Perhaps due to his success, his paintings typically became larger and larger in size.[5]
Later career

In 1883 he married Esther Kenworthy, the daughter of an art schoolmaster from Ealing who had exhibited her own flower-paintings at the Royal Academy and elsewhere. They had two children, but both died in early childhood. In 1895 Waterhouse was elected to the status of full Academician. He taught at the St. John's Wood Art School, joined the St John's Wood Arts Club, and served on the Royal Academy Council.

One of Waterhouse's most famous paintings is The Lady of Shalott, a study of Elaine of Astolat, who dies of grief when Lancelot will not love her. He actually painted three different versions of this character, in 1888, 1894, and 1916. Another of Waterhouse's favorite subjects was Ophelia; the most famous of his paintings of Ophelia depicts her just before her death, putting flowers in her hair as she sits on a tree branch leaning over a lake. Like The Lady of Shalott and other Waterhouse paintings, it deals with a woman dying in or near water. He also may have been inspired by paintings of Ophelia by Dante Gabriel Rossetti and John Everett Millais. He submitted his Ophelia painting of 1888 in order to receive his diploma from the Royal Academy. (He had originally wanted to submit a painting titled "A Mermaid", but it was not completed in time.) After this, the painting was lost until the 20th century, and is now displayed in the collection of Lord Lloyd-Webber. Waterhouse would paint Ophelia again in 1894 and 1909 or 1910, and planned another painting in the series, called "Ophelia in the Churchyard".

Waterhouse could not finish the series of Ophelia paintings because he was gravely ill with cancer by 1915. He died two years later, and his grave can be found at Kensal Green Cemetery in London.[6]
Gallery

In total he produced 118 paintings.


References

Trippi, Peter; Prettejohn, Elizabeth; Upstone, Robert. J.M. Waterhouse: The Modern Pre-Raphaelite Gallery Guide. The Royal Academy of Art. 2009.
Trippi, Peter. J.M. Waterhouse. Page 4. Phaidon. 2002.
Trippi, Peter. J.M. Waterhouse. Page 9. Phaidon. 2002.
Trippi, Peter. J.M. Waterhouse. Page 14. Phaidon. 2002.
Trippi, Peter; Prettejohn, Elizabeth; Upstone, Robert. J.M. Waterhouse: The Modern Pre-Raphaelite Gallery Guide. The Royal Academy of Art. 2009.

John William Waterhouse at Find a Grave

Benezit, E. (2006). Waterhouse, John William. In Dictionary of Artists (Vol 14, pp 668–669). Paris: Grund.
Trippi, P. (2002). J.W.Waterhouse. New York, NY: Phaidon Press Limited.

Further reading

Moyle, Franny (13 June 2009), "Pre-Raphaelite art: the paintings that obsessed the Victorians [print version: Sex and death: The paintings that obsessed the Victorians]", The Daily Telegraph (Review): R2–R3.
Simpson, Eileen (17 June 2009), "Pre-Raphaelites for a new generation: Letters, 17 June: Pre-Raphaelite revival", The Daily Telegraph.
Dorment, Richard (29 June 2009), "Waterhouse: The modern Pre-Raphaelite, at the Royal Academy – review", The Daily Telegraph.

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