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John LaFarge

Paintings

John Lafarge Painting - Chiefs And Performers In War Dance Fiji by John LaFarge

Chiefs And Performers In War Dance Fiji

John Lafarge Painting - Study Of Pink Hollyhocks In Sunlight From Nature by John LaFarge

Study Of Pink Hollyhocks In Sunlight From Nature

John Lafarge Painting - The Great Statue Of Amida Buddha At Kamakura Known As The Daibutsu From The Priest's Garden by John LaFarge

The Great Statue Of Amida Buddha At Kamakura Known As The Daibutsu From The Priest's Garden

John Lafarge Painting - Girls Carrying A Canoe. Vaiala In Samoa by John LaFarge

Girls Carrying A Canoe. Vaiala In Samoa

 Painting - Roses In A Blue Crackle Glass Pitcher by John LaFarge

Roses In A Blue Crackle Glass Pitcher

 Painting - The Last Valley. Paradise Rocks by John LaFarge

The Last Valley. Paradise Rocks

 Painting - Magnolia by John LaFarge

Magnolia

Hospitalitas

Spring

Fish (decorative panel)

Wisdom Window

Study of Pink Hollyhocks in Sunlight, from Nature

Girl in Grass Dress (Seated Samoan Girl)

A Rishi Calling up a Storm

Agathon to Erosanthe

Angel at the Healing Waters of Bethesda

Apple Blossoms

Adoration (No. 1)

Adoration (No. 2)

Angel Placing the Seal

Apple Blossoms in Sunlight

Centauress

Diadem Mountain at Sunset, Tahiti

Flowers on a Japanese Tray on a Mahogany Table

Samoan Lady

Decorative Panel, Seated Figure in Yellow

Fagaloa Bay Samoa

Fish and Flowering Branch

Flowers in a Persian Porcelain Water Bowl

Vase of Flowers

A Hillside Study (Two Trees)

Hollyhocks flower

Hospitalitas Prosperitas

Mountain Gorge near Dambulla, Ceylon

Nocturne flower

Portrait of Faase the Taupo

Wild Roses And Irises flower

Maua a Samoan

Paradise Valley

Peonies Blowing in the Wind

Peonies Blown in the Wind

Portrait of Faase the Taupo

Portrait of Henry James

Shell and Flower

Snow Storm

Still life study of silver glass and fruit

Sunrise in Fog over Kyoto

The Fountain in Our Garden at Nikko

The Golden Age

The Last Valley

William James

Women Drawing up a Canoe

Wreath of Flowers

John LaFarge (March 31, 1835 – November 14, 1910) was an American painter, muralist, stained glass window maker, decorator, and writer.

LaFarge was born in New York City to wealthy French parents and was raised bilingually. His interest in art began during his studies at Mount St. Mary's University in Maryland and St. John's College (now Fordham University) in New York. He initially intended to study law, but this changed after his first visit to Paris, France in 1856. Stimulated by the arts in the city, he studied with Thomas Couture and became acquainted with notable literary people. LaFarge also studied with the painter William Morris Hunt in Newport, Rhode Island. LaFarge's earliest drawings and landscapes, from his studies in Newport, show marked originality, especially in the handling of color values. Many of La Farge's mythological and religious paintings, including Virgil, were executed in an area of Rhode Island known as "Paradise," in a forest which La Farge called "The Sacred Grove" after Virgil.
He was a pioneer in the study of Japanese art, the influence of which is seen in his work.

During his life, La Farge maintained a studio at 51 West 10th Street in Greenwich Village, which now is part of the site of Eugene Lang College at the New School University.[7]

Between 1859 and 1870, he illustrated Tennyson's Enoch Arden and Robert Browning's Men and Women.

In the 1870s, La Farge began to do murals, which became popular for public buildings as well as churches. His first mural was done in Trinity Church, Boston, in 1873. Then followed his decorations in the Church of the Ascension (the large altarpiece) and St. Paul's Chapel, New York. For the Minnesota State Capitol at St. Paul, he executed at age 71 four great lunettes representing the history of law. He created a similar series based on the theme of Justice for the State Supreme Court building at Baltimore, Maryland. He also took private commission from wealthy patrons (e.g. Cornelius Vanderbilt) and was reputedly worth $150,000 at one point.[8]

La Farge made extensive travels in Asia and the South Pacific, which inspired his painting. He visited Japan in 1886, and the South Seas in 1890 and 1891, in particular spending time and absorbing the culture of Tahiti.[1] Henry Adams accompanied him on these trips as a travel companion.[1] He visited Hawaii in September 1890, where he painted scenic spots on Oahu and traveled to the Island of Hawaii to paint an active volcano.[9]

In 1892, La Farge was brought on as an instructor with the Metropolitan Museum of Art Schools to provide vocational training to students in New York City.[10] He served as President of the National Society of Mural Painters from 1899 to 1904.[11]

He learned several languages (ancient and modern), and was erudite in literature and art; by his cultured personality and reflective conversation, he influenced many other people. Though naturally a questioner, he venerated the traditions of religious art, and preserved his Catholic faith.

La Farge died at Butler Hospital, in Providence, Rhode Island in 1910.[12] The interment was at Green-Wood Cemetery, in Brooklyn, New York. His papers, together with some of those of certain children and grandchildren, are held by Yale University Library.[13]
Stained glass

La Farge experimented with color problems, especially in the medium of stained glass. His work rivaled the beauty of medieval windows and added new resources by his use of opalescent glass and by his original methods of layering and welding the glass. Opalescent glass had been used for centuries in tableware, but it had never before been formed into flat sheets for use in stained-glass windows and other decorative objects. For his early experiments, La Farge had had to custom-order flat sheets of opalescent glass from a Brooklyn glass manufacturer.[14] La Farge apparently introduced Tiffany to the new use of opalescent glass sometime in the mid 1870s, showing him his experiments.[14] Sometime in the late 1870s or early 1880s, however, relations between the artists soured, probably due to a lawsuit between the two men.[2]:34[14]

La Farge filed a patent application on Nov. 10, 1879, shortly after a newspaper account praised a recent window he made for Richard Derby of Long Island as "the first application of a new material [opalescent glass] to windows."[14] He was granted patent no. 224,831 on February 24, 1880, for a "Colored-Glass Window", with technical details about manufacturing opalescent sheet glass and layering it to create windows.[14] Eight months later, Tiffany applied for a similar patent, which was granted in 1881 as no. 237,417. The major difference in their patents is that Tiffany lists somewhat different technical details, for instance relating to the air space between glass layers. Since La Farge's patent focused more on the material and Tiffany's more on its use in construction, it appeared that the two patents might be mutually dependent, prohibiting either artist from making stained-glass windows without the other's permission. There is some indication that La Farge may have come to some kind of agreement with Tiffany on the use of La Farge's patent, but the details are unclear and disputed by scholars.[14] What does seem certain is that around 1882 La Farge planned to sue Tiffany, claiming that Tiffany had infringed his patent by appropriating some of his working methods for opalescent sheet glass.[14] Official records of the lawsuit have not been found, suggesting it was never filed, but there are multiple references to it in the correspondence of both men.[14] Possibly, as stained glass increased in popularity, drawing other artists to the medium, both La Farge and Tiffany decided it would be too much trouble to legally defend their patents.

Among La Farge's many stained-glass works are windows at:

Trinity Church, Boston (1877–78)
Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina (1881)
Church of St. Joseph of Arimathea in Greenburgh, New York (1883)
St. Paul's Chapel, Columbia University, NYC (1888–99)
First Unitarian Church of Detroit (1890)
First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia (1891)
Trinity Episcopal Church in Buffalo, New York (1886–89)
All Saints Episcopal Church, Briarcliff Manor, New York (1889)
Church of the Transfiguration, Episcopal, New York City (1898)
Mount Vernon Church, Boston, 1890s[15]
Our Lady of Mercy Chapel at Salve Regina University in Newport, Rhode Island
Christ Church in Lincoln, Rhode Island
The Cathedral of All Saints, Albany, New York
Thomas Crane Public Library
Grand Stair Mural The Wadsworth Homestead Geneseo NY, abt. 1875

Several of his windows, including Peonies Blown in the Wind (1880), are in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Marriage and children

He was married on October 15, 1860 at Newport, Rhode Island, to Margaret Mason Perry, who was born on February 26, 1839 in Newport, Rhode Island, and died on May 2, 1925.

Margaret's father was Christopher Grant Perry, the son of Elizabeth Champlin Mason and Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry. He was a descendant of Gov. Thomas Prence (1599 – March 29, 1673), a co-founder of Eastham, Massachusetts, a political leader in both the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies, and governor of Plymouth (1634, 1638, and 1657–1673); and of Elder William Brewster (c. 1567 – April 10, 1644), the Pilgrim leader and spiritual elder of the Plymouth Colony, who had been a passenger on the Mayflower.

Her mother was Frances Sergeant, who was the daughter of Sarah Bache, the daughter of Sarah Franklin Bache and Richard Bache, and Thomas Sergeant, who served as an associate justice on the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. Margaret was therefore a great-great-granddaughter of Deborah Read and Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America.

Her brother was Thomas Sergeant Perry, a Harvard faculty member and scholar,[16] who was married to artist Lilla Cabot Perry.[17]

La Farge had eight children: Christopher Grant, Emily Marie, John Louis Bancel, Margaret Angela, Oliver Hazard Perry, Joseph Raymond (who did not survive infancy), Frances, and John, Jr.[2]

Christopher Grant La Farge, his eldest son, was a partner in the New York-based architectural firm of Heins & LaFarge. He designed projects in Beaux-Arts style, notably the original Byzantine Cathedral of St. John the Divine, the Yale undergraduate society St. Anthony Hall (extant 1893–1913)[18] and the original Astor Court buildings of the Bronx Zoo.

Oliver Hazard Perry La Farge became an architect and real estate developer. Part of his career in real estate was in a Seattle partnership with Marshall Latham Bond, Bond & La Farge. He designed the Perry Building, still standing in the city. Later in life O.H.P. La Farge designed buildings for General Motors.

John La Farge, Jr., S.J., the youngest of the children, became a Jesuit priest and a strong supporter of anti-racist policies.
Legacy and honors

He received the Cross of the Legion of Honor from the French Government.
He was elected president of National Society of Mural Painters from 1899 through 1904, and was a member of the principal artistic societies of the United States, including the Salmagundi Club.
In 1904, he was one of the first seven artists chosen for membership in the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
In 1863 he was elected into the National Academy of Design.

Veneration

La Farge is honored together with Ralph Adams Cram and Richard Upjohn with a feast day on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA) on December 16.
Selection of La Farge's writings

The American Art of Glass (a pamphlet)
Considerations on Painting (New York, 1895)
An Artist's Letters from Japan (New York, 1897)
The Great Masters (New York)
Hokusai: a talk about Japanese painting (New York, 1897)
The Higher Life in Art (New York, 1908)
One Hundred Great Masterpieces
The Gospel Story in Art (New York, 1913)
Letters from the South Seas (unpublished)
Correspondence (unpublished)

See also
Portal icon Saints portal
Notes and references

Roberts, Norma J., ed. (1988), The American Collections, Columbus Museum of Art, p. 26, ISBN 0-8109-1811-0.
LaFarge, John, S.J. The Manner Is Ordinary. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1954, pp. 28, 34.
"Works by Mount Saint Mary's Alumnus to be Featured in Exhibit". emmitsburg.net. Retrieved 2007-07-06.
American Paintings and Sculpture at the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, by Margaret C. Conrads, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Hudson Hills, 1990, ISBN 1-55595-050-7
His only painted full-length formal portrait was of Richard Howland Hunt, the young son of the architect Richard Morris Hunt and nephew of the painter William Morris Hunt.[1]
"Like many of La Farge 's mythological and religious paintings, Virgil was executed in the area of Rhode Island known as 'Paradise,' in a forest La Farge called 'The Sacred Grove.' See American Paintings at Harvard: Paintings, watercolors,, Harvard Art Museum, 2008, p. 189."
Jackson, Kenneth T. The Encyclopedia of New York City. The New York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995, p. 650.
"Art, Music and the Drama". The Week : a Canadian journal of politics, literature, science and arts 2 (1): 26. December 13, 1883. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
Forbes, David W., Encounters with Paradise: Views of Hawaii and its People, 1778–1941, Honolulu Academy of Arts, 1992, 201–220.
Finding aid for Schools of The Metropolitan Museum of Art Records (1879–1895). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
National Society of Mural Painters website.
American Art Annual, Volume 9. MacMillan Company. 1911. p. 314.
"Guide to the La Farge Family Papers MS 24". Yale University Library website.
Sloan, Julie L. "The Rivalry Between Louis Comfort Tiffany and John La Farge".
Julie L. Sloan and James L. Yarnall. "Art of an Opaline Mind: The Stained Glass of John La Farge," American Art Journal, Vol. 24, No. 1/2 (1992)
James L. Yarnall; John La Farge (2012). John La Farge, a Biographical and Critical Study. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-4094-1172-7.
John Howard Brown (1903). Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States: Newton-Sears VI. James H. Lamb Company. p. 224.

Yale's Lost Landmarks.

Bibliography

Adams, Foster, La Farge, Weinberg, Wren and Yarnell, John La Farge, Abbeville Publishing Group, NY, NY 1987
Cortissoz, Royal, John La Farge: A Memoir and a Study, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston 1911
Forbes, David W., "Encounters with Paradise: Views of Hawaii and its People, 1778–1941", Honolulu Academy of Arts, 1992, 201–220.
Gaede, Robert and Robert Kalin, Guide to Cleveland Architecture, Cleveland Chapter of the American Institute of Architects, Cleveland OH 1991
Kowski, Goldman et al., Buffalo Architecture:A Guide, The MIT Press, Cambridge MA 1981
Mather, Jr., Frank Jewett (April 1911). "John La Farge – An Appreciation". The World's Work: A History of Our Time XXI: 14085–14100. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
Waern, Cecilia, John La Farge: Artist and Writer, Seeley and Co. Limited, London 1896


External links

[2]
"John La Farge's South Seas Sketchbooks:1890–1891" at the Yale University Art Gallery
La Farge Gallery at MuseumSyndicate
John La Farge exhibition catalogs
Works by John La Farge at Project Gutenberg
Works by or about John La Farge at Internet Archive

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.

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