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Johan Barthold Jongkind


Paintings


River Scene


The Boulevard de Port-Royal, Paris


Gateway. Netherlands


Honfleur


View from the Quai d'Orsay

The Pont Neuf

View of Overschie

View of Rouen

Inner Canal in Dordrecht

Rue de l'Abbé-de-l'Épée and the Église Saint-Jacques-du-Haut-Pas in Paris

Boulevard de Port-Royal in Paris

Avignon

The village of Doverschie in the Netherlands

Port of Etretat

Landscape

Rotterdam

Beach of Ste. Adresse

Street in Nevers


Drawings

Windmills

Overschie, Dutch Landscape


Illustrations


View of the town of Maassluis

Batavia

When leaving the house Cochin

Harbour of Honfleur

View of the Port of Honfleur

The demolition of the Rue des Francs-Bourgeois-Saint-Marcel

The Old Port of Rotterdam

The channel

The towpath

The nurse

The bridge over the canal

The moored barge

The houses on the banks of the canal

The wooden pier in the Port of Honfleur

Wooden Pier in the Harbour of Honfleur

A Canal in Holland

Entrance to the Port of Honfleur

Frontispiece of a booklet

Port exit of Honfleur

Mills in Holland

Sunset in the port of Antwerp

Two sailboats

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Famous Artists - River Scene by Johan Barthold Jongkind

River Scene

Johan Barthold Jongkind

Johan Barthold Jongkind (3 June 1819 – 9 February 1891) was a Dutch painter and printmaker. He painted marine landscapes in a free manner and is regarded as a forerunner of Impressionism.

Biography
The Seine and Notre-Dame in Paris, 1864, Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Jongkind was born in the town of Lattrop in the Overijssel province of the Netherlands near the border with Germany. Trained at the art academy in The Hague, in 1846 he moved to the Montmartre quarter of Paris, France where he studied under Eugène Isabey and Francois-Edouard Picot. Two years later, the Paris Salon accepted his work for its exhibition, and he received acclaim from critic Charles Baudelaire and later on from Émile Zola. He was to experience little success, however, and he suffered bouts of depression complicated by alcoholism.[1]

Jongkind returned to live in Rotterdam in 1855, and remained there until 1860.[1] Back in Paris, in 1861 he rented a studio on the rue de Chevreuse in Montparnasse where some of his paintings began to show glimpses of the Impressionist style to come. In 1862 he met in Normandy, in the famous ferme Saint-Siméon in Honfleur, with some of his artist friends, such as Alfred Sisley, Eugène Boudin, and the young Claude Monet, to all of whom Jongkind served as a mentor. Monet later referred to him as "...a quiet man with such a talent that is beyond words" and credited the "definitive education" of his own eye to Jongkind.[2] In 1863 Jongkind exhibited at the first Salon des Refusés. He was invited to participate in the first exhibition of the Impressionist group in 1874, but he declined.[3]

In 1878, Jongkind and his companion Joséphine Fesser moved to live in the small town of La Côte-Saint-André near Grenoble in the Isère département in the southeast of France where he died in 1891. He is buried there in the local cemetery. A street is named after him in the neighborhood of streets named after 19th- and 20th-century Dutch painters in Overtoomse Veld-Noord, Amsterdam.


Subject and style

Jongkind's most frequent subject was the marine landscape, which he painted both in the Netherlands and in France. Many of his works depict the Seine, particularly the area near Notre-Dame Cathedral. He painted watercolors out-of-doors, and used them as sketches for oil paintings made in his studio.[2] His paintings are characterized by vigorous brushwork and strong contrasts. Like the 17th-century Dutch landscape painters, he typically composed his landscapes with a low horizon, allowing the sky to dominate.[4]


Notes

Oxford Art Online: "Johan Barthold Jongkind"
Boorsch & Marciari, p. 246.
University of California et al. 1974, p. 31.

Musee d'Orsay website

References

Boorsch, Suzanne, and John Marciari (2006). Master Drawings from the Yale University Art Gallery. Yale University Press. ISBN 0300114338
Hefting, Victorine. "Johan Barthold Jongkind", Oxford Art Online
University of California, Riverside, Los Angeles County Museum, & University of California, Riverside. (1974). The Impressionists and the Salon (1874-1886) honoring the centennial of the first impressionist exhibition: California collections. Riverside, Calif. OCLC 1031907

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