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Jean-Charles Tardieu

Allegory in Honour of the Birth of Henri de France (1820-83), Duke of Bordeaux

Stop of the French army at Syène February 2, 1799

Joseph Recognized by His Brothers

Louis XVIII crowns the rose of Mittau. 1799

Napoleon Bonaparte during the Polish campaign in January 1807

Jean-Charles Tardieu, also called "Tardieu-Cochin" (3 September 1765 – 3 April 1830) was a successful French painter during the ages of Napoleon and of the Bourbon Restoration. His work was primarily historical, but also included landscapes, portraits and religious subjects.

Biography
Halte de l'armée française à Syène 2 février 1799

Jean-Charles Tardieu was born on 3 September 1765 in Paris, son of Jacques-Nicolas Tardieu and Elisabeth Claire Tournay.[1] His father and his grandfather, Nicolas-Henri Tardieu, were both members of the Academy and the King's engravers.[2] His father's cousin was the engraver Charles-Nicolas Cochin, who left him a small legacy when he died in 1790.[3] Cochin also treated him as a sort of pupil and gave him advice. He was formally placed under Jean-Baptiste Regnault for his artistic training.[1] He failed to get the Grand Prix de Rome, but the second prize of the Prix de Rome was awarded to him in 1790.[4] His father died on 9 July 1791.[5]

A passionate artist with great skill in composition, Tardieu exhibited in various salons, and achieved considerable success.[6] He took part in a number of exhibitions in the Louvre between 1806 and 1823.[2] In 1808 he was granted a housing allowance.[4] The great majority of his works were bought by the government or commissioned by the government.[2]

Tardieu had excellent connections and seems to have been fully employed during the reigns of Napoleon, Louis XVIII and Charles X of France. Several of his works were bought for the house of the latter sovereign.[7] He made a large number of tableaux for the government, which were placed in the Luxembourg, Versailles, Saint-Cloud, Fontainebleau and Compiègne palaces and also at the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen, Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'archéologie de Besançon, Rouen Cathedral, Nîmes Cathedral and Lons-le-Saulnier Cathedral.[2]

In his later years, Tardieu worked on religious tableaux and landscapes.[4] Tardieu died in Paris on 3 April 1830.[1] His son Jules-Romain Tardieu was born in Rouen on 28 January 1805. Jules was to become a connoisseur of the arts and letters, a writer, publisher and bookseller, and a member of the Academy of Caen.[8]


Œuvres
Trait de bienfaisance de Napoléon Ier pendant la campagne de Pologne en janvier 1807.

Tardieu-Cochin's work was primarily historical.[9] He often took classical and poetic subjects. He also made copies of several paintings of saints by Philippe de Champaigne that were commissioned by the king's house.[2] Almost all his works are held in public collections including, among others, those in the Rouen Cathedral, and in the museums of Besançon, Le Havre, Marseille and Versailles.[7] Among the most successful are Halte en Égypte, Jean Bart à la cour, la Conversion du duc de Joyeuse, Frédéric-Guillaume chez le grand Frédéric, Louis XVIII à Mittau et l’Aveugle au marché des Innocents.


Paintings
Allegory in Honour of the Birth of Henri de France (1820–83), Duke of Bordeaux
Henri IV devant Paris Aout 1590

Some of the more notable of Tardieu's paintings:[2]


Year Title Location
1806 La Mort du Corrège
1808 Napoléon reçoit la reine de Prusse à Tilsitt. 6 juillet 1807 Versailles
1810 Un officier français faisant soigner un prisonnier arabe après le siège de Benhout
1810 Un jeune homme entre le vice et la vertu
1812 Narocki, polonais, âgé de 117 ans, est présenté à Napoleon, qui lui faite une pension
1812 Halte de l’armée française à Syène, en Égypte. 2 février 1799 Versailles
1814 Frédéric-Guillaume chez le grand Frédéric
1814 Une scène du marché des Innocents Paris, Musée du Louvre
1817 Louis XVIII fait une rosiere a Mitau
1817 Jean Bart à la cour de Versailles Paris, Musée du Louvre
1817 Le Cri de l’innocence
1819 Clio inspirée à la vue dit buste de Louis XVIII Versailles
1819 La Conversion du duc de Joyeuse Meaux, Musée Bossuet
1819 Suzanne au bain Le Havre, Musée d'Art Moderne André Malraux
1819 Une famille de Centaures
1822 Allégorie sur la naissance du duc de Bordeaux Rouen, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen
1822 Trait de clémence de Louis XII
1822 La Samaritaine Rouen Cathedral

Other notable works include:[2]

Ulysse reconnu par Euryclée, Marseille, Musée des beaux-arts de Marseille
Agamède et Trophonius
Jésus-Christ chez Marthe et Marie
Première messe de saint Vincent de Paul
Un veuf au tombeau de fa femme
Les Bacchanales

In addition, public collections hold the following:

Bienfaisance de Napoleon 1er envers Marocwi, vieillard polonais de 117 ans qui lui est présenté, Palace of Versailles
Halte d’Henri IV en forêt après la bataille d’Ivry, 1802 ou 1807, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Château de Pau
Halte d’Henri IV en forêt, Pau, Musée national du château de Pau
Henri IV devant Paris. Aout 1590, Versailles
Henri IV fait distribuer des vivres pendant le siège de Paris en aout 1590, Versailles
La Clémence de Louis XII en avril 1498, Versailles
La Justification de Suzanne, Toulouse, Musée des Augustins ;
Le roi Louis XVIII en exil à Mittau y couronne la rosière, 1799, Versailles
Sully aux pieds d’Henri IV, Pau, Musée national du château de Pau
Trophenius et Agamède, Besançon Museum

Gallery

Joseph Recognized by His Brothers, 1788

Napoléon reçoit la reine de Prusse à Tilsit, 1808

Une Scene du Marche des Innocents, 1814. Paris: Musée du Louvre département des Peintures

Louis XVIII couronne la rosière de Mittau. 1799, 1817

Halte d'Henri IV en forêt. Pau: Musée national du château de Pau

Sully aux pieds d'Henri IV. Pau: Musée national du château de Pau

La Clemence de Louis XII. Avril 1498. Versailles: musée national des châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon

References

Citations

Mariette, Chennevières & Montaiglon 1856, p. 67.
Gabet 1831, p. 646.
Cochin 1880, p. 148.
Gabet 1831, p. 647.
Mariette, Chennevières & Montaiglon 1856, p. 64.
Mariette, Chennevières & Montaiglon 1856, p. 68.
Bryan 1889, p. 552.
Travers 1874, p. 310ff.

Weiss & Lepin 1972, p. 288.

Sources

Bryan, Michael (1889). Dictionary of Painters and Engravers: Biographical and Critical. G. Bell and Sons. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
Cochin, Charles Nicolas (1880). Mémoires inédits de Charles Nicolas Cochin sur le comte de Caylus, Bouchardon, les Slodtz (in French). Baur. p. 148. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
Gabet, Charles (1831). "TARDIEU (Jean Charles, dit Cochin)". Dictionnaire des artistes de l'école française, au XIXe siècle: peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure, dessin, lithographie et composition musicale (in French). Madame Vergne. p. 646. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
Mariette, Pierre-Jean; Chennevières, Ph de; Montaiglon, Anatole de (1856). Archives de l'art français: recueil de documents inédits relatifs à l'histoire des arts en France (in French). J.-B. Dumoulin. p. 67. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
Travers, Julien (1874). "M. Jules-Romain Tardieu". Mémoires - Académie nationale des sciences, arts et belles-lettres de Caen (in French). A. Hardel. Retrieved 16 November 2012.

Weiss, Charles; Lepin, Suzanne (1972). Journal de Charles Weiss 1815-1822 (in French). Presses Univ. Franche-Comté. GGKEY:7PC4NRH9HCL. Retrieved 16 November 2012.

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