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Jan Brueghel the Elder

Paintings

Paradise Landscape with the Animals entering Noah's Ark Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Paradise Landscape with the Animals entering Noah's Ark

The Archdukes and Company before Mariemont Castle Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

The Archdukes and Company before Mariemont Castle

The Temptation of Saint Anthony Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

The Temptation of Saint Anthony

Flowers in a Wooden Vessel Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flowers in a Wooden Vessel

Flower Garland Around the Virgin and Child Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flower Garland Around the Virgin and Child

Peasant Wedding Banquet with the Archdukes Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Peasant Wedding Banquet with the Archdukes

Peasant Dance for the Archdukes Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Peasant Dance for the Archdukes

Aeneas with the Sibyl in the Underworld Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Aeneas with the Sibyl in the Underworld

Floral Still Life Print by Jan Brueghel The Elder

Floral Still Life

Country Road with Halt of a Convoy Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Country Road with Halt of a Convoy

A River running through a Small Town Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

A River running through a Small Town

Flowers in a Chinese Vase Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flowers in a Chinese Vase

Travelers Meeting Band of Gypsies on Mountain Pass Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Travelers Meeting Band of Gypsies on Mountain Pass

Flowers in a Porcelain Bowl Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flowers in a Porcelain Bowl

Forest Road with Travelers Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Forest Road with Travelers

Peasant Wedding Feast Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Peasant Wedding Feast

Flowers in a Basket and a Vase Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flowers in a Basket and a Vase

Rocky Forest Landscape with Castle Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Rocky Forest Landscape with Castle

Landscape with Diana and Actaeon Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Landscape with Diana and Actaeon

Studies Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Studies

Rest by a Windmill Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Rest by a Windmill

Perseus and Andromeda Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Perseus and Andromeda

Nymphs Bathing Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Nymphs Bathing

Flemish Fair Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flemish Fair

The Archduke Albert and Archduchess Isabel Clara Eugenia in the Palace of Tervuren Brussels Print by Attributed to Jan Brueghel the Elder

The Archduke Albert and Archduchess Isabel Clara Eugenia in the Palace of Tervuren Brussels

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Peasant Dance for the Archdukes

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Forest Road with Travelers

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flowers in a Porcelain Bowl

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Jan Brueghel the Elder

The Archdukes and Company before Mariemont Castle

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Country Road with Halt of a Convoy

Jan Brueghel the Elder

The Archduke Albert and Archduchess Isabel Clara Eugenia in the Palace of Tervuren Brussels

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Peasant Wedding Banquet with the Archdukes

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Peasant Wedding Feast

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flowers in a Painted Ceramic Vase with Moths

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Travelers Meeting Band of Gypsies on Mountain Pass

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Cybele and the Seasons in a Garland of Fruit

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flower Garland Around the Virgin and Child

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Abundance and the four elements

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Abundance and the Four Elements

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flemish Market And Washing Place

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Jan Brueghel the Elder

The Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia In The Park At Mariemont

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Infanta Isabella and her Ladies Making Hay near Mariemont

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Madonna and Child in a Flower Garland

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Nymphs Bathing (Nymphs of Diana returning from fishing)

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Flemish Fair

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Bouquet

Jan Brueghel the Elder

The Wedding Banquet

Jan Brueghel the Elder

The Paradise

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Village street

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Small bouquet of flowers in a clay pot

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Landscape with windmill

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Port with the preaching of Christ

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Feast of the Nymph Calypso for Odysseus

Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens

Archduke Albert of Austria Print by Peter Paul Rubens and Jan Brueghel the Elder

Archduke Albert of Austria

Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia Print by Peter Paul Rubens and Jan Brueghel the Elder

Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia

Allegory of the Sense of Smell Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens

Allegory of the Sense of Smell

Allegory of Sight. Sense of Sight or Sight Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens

Allegory of Sight. Sense of Sight or Sight

Allegory of Hearing. Sense of Hearing or Hearing Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens

Allegory of Hearing. Sense of Hearing or Hearing

Allegory of Taste. Sense of Taste or Taste Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens

Allegory of Taste. Sense of Taste or Taste

Allegory of the Sense of Touch Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens

Allegory of the Sense of Touch

Jan Brueghel the Elder and Giulio Cesare Procaccini

Madonna and Child in a Flower Garland Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Giulio Cesare Procaccini

Madonna and Child in a Flower Garland

Jan Brueghel the Elder and Joos de Momper the Younger

A Winter Landscape with Travellers passing through a Village Print by Joos de Momper and Jan Brueghel the Elder

A Winter Landscape with Travellers passing through a Village

Flemish Market and Washing Place Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Joos de Momper the Younger

Flemish Market and Washing Place

The Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia in the Park at Mariemont Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Joos de Momper the Younger

The Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia in the Park at Mariemont

The Country Excursion of Isabel Clara Eugenia Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Joos de Momper the Younger

The Country Excursion of Isabel Clara Eugenia

Jan Brueghel the Elder and Hendrick de Clerck

Abundance and the Four Elements Print by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Hendrick de Clerck

Abundance and the Four Elements

Jan Brueghel the Elder (/ˈbruːɡəl/; also Breughel /brɔɪɡəl/; Dutch: [ˈjɑn ˈbrøːɣəl]; 1568 – 13 January 1625) was a Flemish painter, son of Pieter Bruegel the Elder and father of Jan Brueghel the Younger. Nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel, "Flower" Brueghel, and "Paradise" Brueghel, of which the latter two were derived from his floral still lifes and paradise landscapes, while the former may refer to the velveteen sheen of his colors.
Biography

Jan Brueghel the Elder

Portrait of the family of Jan Brueghel the Elder, Peter Paul Rubens


Jan was born in Brussels. His father died in 1569, and then, following the death of his mother in 1578, Jan, along with his brother Pieter Brueghel the Younger and sister Marie, probably went to live with their grandmother Mayken Verhulst (widow of Pieter Coecke van Aelst). She was an artist in her own right, according to Carel van Mander and Guicciardini, and possibly served as the first teacher of the two boys although her brothers (their uncles) were also painters. Jan Brueghel moved to Antwerp around 1583.

In about 1589 Jan traveled to Italy, probably via Cologne. There he resided first in Naples, where his patron was Francesco Carracciolo. Next he moved to Rome, working for several discerning cardinals including, most famously, Federico Borromeo. It was in the company of Borromeo that Brueghel left Rome and took up residence in Milan, where he was part of the Cardinal's household. In the summer of 1596 he returned to Antwerp, where he remained for the rest of his life apart from short journeys to Prague and to the Dutch Republic.


The Battle of Issus (ca. 1599-1600) in the Louvre.

While in Italy he applied himself principally to landscapes and history paintings, including Biblical narratives and scenes from mythology and ancient history. Back in Antwerp he continued these types of subject matter but also acquired considerable reputation by his flower paintings and allegories. He formed a style more independent of his father's than did his brother Pieter the Younger.

Many of his paintings are collaborations in which figures by other painters were placed in landscapes painted by Jan Brueghel; in other cases, Brueghel painted the figures into another artist's landscape or architectural interior. The most famous of his collaborators was Peter Paul Rubens: the two collaborated on about 25 paintings including a Battle of the Amazons (Potsdam), Mars Disarmed by Venus (Getty Museum), The Fall of Man (Mauritshuis), The Five Senses (Prado), and several images of the Madonna and Child within a Flower Garland (Munich, Paris, Madrid). Hendrick van Balen and Joos de Momper were also regular collaborators with Brueghel.

He had a studio in Antwerp, where he died from cholera on 13 January 1625.

References

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Breughel, Pieter". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Bruegel". Encyclopedia Americana.

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