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Henry Gales (1834–1897) was an English painter, most well known for his portrait of the 1867 Derby Cabinet.


Gales was born in Acle, Norfolk, England to Daniel Gales and Mary Church (Daniel's first wife). After studying in the 1850s at the Norwich School of Design, he moved to London in the 1860s.

In 1868, Gales painted The Derby Cabinet of 1867, an oil painting on canvas depicting Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, and his cabinet: Benjamin Disraeli, Richard Temple-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos; Frederic Thesiger, 1st Baron Chelmsford; Henry Thomas Lowry-Corry; Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook; Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby; John Pakington, 1st Baron Hampton; Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh; James Harris, 3rd Earl of Malmesbury; John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough; Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo; Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond; John Manners, 7th Duke of Rutland; and Spencer Horatio Walpole. The portrait is said to have been painted to a design by John Gilbert. It depicts the cabinet in consultation upon the question of the 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia. The Derby Cabinet of 1867 is in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery in London.[1]

Gales married Sarah Richmond of Tasmania in The Stand, London, in 1869. They had one child, Lilian, born in 1871 in Westminster, London. Lilian died at the age of three in Kensington, London. Gales and his wife divorced in 1896.

Gales returned to Norfolk, exhibiting with the Norwich Art Circle during 1888 and 1889. His name also appears in Kelly's Directory, which describes him as "private resident, artist of Acle Norfolk."

In 1897, Henry Gales died in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk.


Title Year Notes
View of Tintern Abbey 1863 Watercolor over pencil, heightened with bodycolor. Sold at auction by Sotheby's on 19 January 2005.[2]
View of Bolton Abbey 1863 Sold at auction by Sotheby's on 19 January 2005.[2]
The Derby Cabinet of 1867 1868 Watercolour. Part of the Primary Collection of the National Portrait Gallery, London (NPG 4893).[1]
Chepstowe Castle 1875
Tintern Abbey 1875
Princess Alice, daughter of Queen Victoria 1878 Held by the Towner Gallery in Eastbourne.[3]
The First Mayor, Aldermen and Clerk of the Borough of Eastbourne 1883–84 Held by the Towner Gallery in Eastbourne.[3]
G.A. Wallis, 1st Mayor of Eastbourne 1886 Full-length portrait. On display at the Towner Gallery in Eastbourne.[3][4]
Alderman James Arthur Skinner, Mayor of Eastbourne 1895–97 Held by the Towner Gallery in Eastbourne.[3]
Font in Upton Church

Piscina and Remains of Consecration Cross, Lady Chapel, Upton Church
Panel of Roodscreen, representing S. Ambrose, Upton Church
Interior of Upton Church
unknown Published in A History of Upton, Norfolk (1891).[5]


"The Derby Cabinet of 1867". Collections. London: National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
"Henry Gales – Past Auction Results". artnet. New York: artnet Worldwide. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
Wright, Christopher; Gordon, Catherine May; Smith, Mary Peskett (2006). British and Irish Paintings in Public Collections: an index of British and Irish oil paintings by artists born before 1870 in public and institutional collections in the United Kingdom and Ireland. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 355. ISBN 978-0-300-11730-1. OCLC 185257020. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
Speel, Bob. "The Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne". Victorian Art in England. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
Hill, Percival Oakley; Rye, Walter (1891). A History of Upton, Norfolk. Norwich, England: Agas H. Goose.

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