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Hendrik Goltzius


Paintings, Drawings, Illustrations

Hendrik Goltzius Painting - Unequal Lovers by Hendrik Goltzius

Unequal Lovers

Hendrik Goltzius Painting - Jupiter And Antiope by Hendrik Goltzius

Jupiter And Antiope

Hendrik Goltzius Painting - Lot And His Daughters by Hendrik Goltzius

Lot And His Daughters

Hendrik Goltzius Painting - Vertumnus And Pomona by Hendrik Goltzius

Vertumnus And Pomona

Hendrik Goltzius Painting - Dying Adonis by Hendrik Goltzius

Dying Adonis

Hendrik Goltzius Painting - Allegory Of The Arts by Hendrik Goltzius

Allegory Of The Arts

Hendrik Goltzius Painting - Madonna And Child With Angels by Hendrik Goltzius

Madonna And Child With Angels

Hendrik Goltzius Painting - Venus And Adonis by Hendrik Goltzius

Venus And Adonis

The Fall of Man

Farnese Hercules


Phaethon From The Four Disgracers Series

Tantalus

Cadmus slays the dragon

Sine Cerere et Libero friget Venus (Without Ceres and Bacchus, Venus Would Freeze)

Danae receiving Jupiter as a shower of gold 

Hercules and Cacus

Juno receiving the eyes of Argus from Mercury

Mercury

Minerva

Venus and Adonis

Drawings

Group of trees in a forest

Tree Study

Portrait of Giovanni da Bologna

Portrait of a man

Illustrations

Arcadian Landscape

Arcadian Landscape

Arcadian Landscape

Bacchus with zodiac sign of Scorpio

Rocks on the beach

Rocks on the beach

Sequence "Ancient Gods", Neptune

Sequence "Ancient Gods" Galatea

Sequence "Ancient Gods" Pluto

Sequence "Ancient Gods" Proserpina (Persephone)

Sequence "Ancient Gods" Helios

Sequence "Ancient Gods" Goddess of the Night (Nox)

Hercules and Cacus

St. Mary Magdalene

John the Baptist

Young man with stick

Young man with stick

Landscape with Farm

Landscape with Farm

Landscape with Couple sitting and shepherds

Landscape with Couple sitting and shepherds

Landscape with Waterfall

Landscape with Waterfall

Lancer

Mars

Mars with zodiac sign of Aries

Portrait of Gillis van Breen

Portrait of Gillis van Breen

Prophet Elijah

Prophet Elijah

Seascape with three sailing ships

Seascape with three sailing ships

Seascape with two sailing ships

Seascape with two sailing ships

Magician (The Cave of Eternity)

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Famous Artists - The Fall of Man by Hendrik Goltzius

The Fall of Man

Hendrik Goltzius

Hendrik Goltzius (January or February 1558 – January 1, 1617), was a Dutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter. He was the leading Dutch engraver of the early Baroque period, or Northern Mannerism, noted for his sophisticated technique and the "exuberance" of his compositions. According to A. Hyatt Mayor, Goltzius "was the last professional engraver who drew with the authority of a good painter and the last who invented many pictures for others to copy".[1] In middle age he also began to produce paintings.

Personal history

Goltzius was born near Venlo in Bracht or Millebrecht, a village then in the Duchy of Julich, now in the municipality Brüggen in North Rhine-Westphalia. His family moved to Duisburg when he was 3 years old. After studying painting on glass for some years under his father, he learned engraving from the Dutch polymath Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, who then lived in Cleves. In 1577 he moved with Coornhert to Haarlem. In the same town, he was also employed by Philip Galle to engrave a set of prints of the history of Lucretia.

Goltzius had a malformed right hand from a fire when he was a baby (his drawing of it is below), which turned out to be especially well-suited to holding the burin; "by being forced to draw with the large muscles of his arm and shoulder, he mastered a commanding swing of line".[2]

At the age of 21 he married a widow somewhat advanced in years, whose money enabled him to establish an independent business at Haarlem; but his unpleasant relations with her so affected his health that he found it advisable in 1590 to make a tour through Germany to Italy, where he acquired an intense admiration for the works of Michelangelo. He returned to Haarlem in August 1591, considerably improved in health, and worked there until his death.

His portraits, though mostly miniatures, are masterpieces of their kind, both on account of their exquisite finish, and as fine studies of individual character. Of his larger heads, his life-size self-portrait is probably the most striking example.

Goltzius brought to an unprecedented level the use of the "swelling line", where the burin is manipulated to make lines thicker or thinner to create a tonal effect from a distance. He also was a pioneer of "dot and lozenge" technique, where dots are placed in the middle of lozenge shaped spaces created by cross-hatching to further refine tonal shading.

Hollstein credits 388 prints to him, with a further 574 by other printmakers after his designs.

In his command of the burin, Goltzius is said to rival Dürer. He made engravings of Bartholomeus Spranger's paintings, thus increasing the fame of the latter – and his own. Goltzius began painting at the age of forty-two; some of his paintings can be found in Vienna. He also executed a few chiaroscuro woodcuts. He was the stepfather of engraver Jacob Matham. He died, aged 58, in Haarlem.

Notes
Citations

Mayor, no. 420
Mayor, no. 418. Other writers take his friend and biographer Karel van Mander's account to mean that he engraved with his right hand and drew with his left. Google Books
Collection Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen

Collection Rijksmuseum

References

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Goltzius, Hendrik". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
A Hyatt Mayor, Prints and People, Metropolitan Museum of Art/Princeton, 1971, ISBN 0-691-00326-2

Marjorie B. Cohn, 'An Interpretation of Four Woodcut Landscape by Hendrick Goltzius,'Print Quarterly, XXXI, June 2014, pp. 144-155.

Further Reading

Liedtke , Walter A. (1984). Flemish paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0870993569. (see index).
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