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Hans Baldung Grien

Paintings

Adam and Eve

Crucifixion of Christ

Adam and Eve

Adoration of the Magi

Lamentation of Christ

Christ as the Gardener ( Noli me tangere )

Death and the Maiden ( The death and lust )

The Three Ages and Death

The Youth ( The Three Graces )

The ages and death

Three kings altar : St. George and St. Agnes

Woman with Cat ( Allegory of Music ? )

Woman with mirror and snake (Vanitas ? )

Nativity

Nativity

Hercules and Antaeus

Holy Family outdoors ( Rest on the Flight )

Holy Family in the chamber with five angels

Madonna in the grape arbor

Madonna with the Parrot

Mucius Scaevola before Porsena

Portrait of Count Ludwig zu Löwenstein

Portrait of a Bearded Man

Pyramus and Thisbe

Sebastian Altar: The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian

Death and woman

Two Witches

Venus and Amor

Adam

Eve

The Trinity and Mystic Pieta

Portrait of a Woman

The Virgin as queen of heaven suckling the infant Christ

Drawings

Veronica from Andlau and nuns

Akelei, Blütenstengel

Akeleistaude

Coat of arms

On the ground, seated , half nude female

On the ground, seated female nude

Adoration of the Magi

View of Strasbourg

View of Strasbourg

View of Strasbourg

View of Strasbourg

View of Strasbourg

View of Strasbourg

View of Strasbourg

View of Strasbourg

View of Strasbourg

Hand study

Lamentation of Christ

Blue cornflower, flower stalks

View of a river valley

Castle Weinsberg

Lamentation of Christ

Nativity

Nativity

Christ on the Cross

Christ on the Cross

Christ and Doubting Thomas

Head of Christ

The shot on the dead father , Tondo

The shot on the dead father , Tondo , Detail: The dead and the judge

Death

The drunken Bacchus

Die Deutschordens-Veste Hornbeck am Neckar

Prostitute and lover on a bench

Three castles of Alsace

Three heads in profile

Lovebird

Lovebird , sitting on bar

Fine wine , Tendril

Fine wine , Tendril

Alsatian castle

Alsatian castle ( Dabo ? )

Beheading of St. Barbara

Eve

Standard-bearer

Coat of arms

Foot Studies

Gamba , with bow

Mountains above plane

Wood

Hand study

Hand study

Hand study

Hand study

Hand study

Hercules as the winner over Antaeus

Hercules at Omphale at the distaff

Hercules with bow

Witches Sabbath I

Witches Sabbath II

St. Bartholomew

St. Christopher

St. Christopher

St. Jude Thaddeus

St. Catherine in the landscape

St. Nicholas

St. Sebastian

Hl. Sippe, Szene: Anna selbdritt mit Joachim und Joseph

Young female figure playing lute

Centaur with a boy

Small castle

Monastery church Maursmünster , seen from the southwest , detail of a sketch sheet

Head of Saturn

Head of a Lioness

Head of an old man

Head of an old man with beard

Head of an elderly man in profile

Head of an apostle

Head of an apostle

Head of a bearded old man with lowered eyes

Head of a bearded man

Head of a dromedary

Head of an old man with beard in profile

Head of a child

Head of a Landsknecht with cap

Head of a girl

Head of a girl

Head of a girl

Head of a girl with lowered eyes

Head of a girl with a collar

Head of a man with curly hair and chin beard

Head of Mary with lowered eyes

Heads of three young women

Head study for Antaeus

Crucifixion of Christ , Tondo

Crowning Godfather

Landsknecht with shouldered lance

Landsknecht and death

Reading Maria

Lucretia

Lucretia

Male ideal head

Maria Egyptiaca, hovering in the air

Mary with Jesus Child

Maria lactans

Maria lactans

Madonna and Child

Mary with child, crowned by an angel

Death of the Virgin

Common daisy

Mater dolerosa, fragment

Maximilian prayer book

Maximilian prayer book

Maximilian prayer book

Maximilian prayer book

Maximilian prayer book

Maximilian prayer book

Maximilian prayer book

Maximilian prayer book

mint

Crescent Moon

Crescent Madonna and St. Barbara

Crescent Moon

Nude woman with putto

parrot

Parrot, sitting on the ground

Passion of Christ

Armor study

Design

Phyllis and Aristotle

Nicolaus Kniebs

Portrait of the margrave Christoph von Baden

Caspar Hedio

Portrait of a praying woman

Portrait of a citizen woman

Portrait of a young woman in profile

Portrait of a young woman

Portrait of a beardless man

Portrait of a praying man

Portrait of a boy

Portrait of a boy

Portrait of a man

Emperor Charles V

Portrait of Emperor Maximilian I.

Albrecht of Brandenburg

Profile portrait of a beardless gentleman

Ranukelstaude with grasses

Rhodes

Rhodes

Rhodes

Rhodes

Rhodes

Bovine head

Armor study

Veltin of Andlau and relatives

Stable Boy

Resting nude love couple

Round disc for a saddler

Salomonsiegel, flower stem

Thief on the cross

Sharp buttercup

Cowslip

Seal

Self portrait

Self portrait at the age of 49 years

Sitting lion with gossip

Men's head with protruding hair

Men's head with protruding hair

Standing witch with monster

Standing Apostle, praying

Man of Sorrow and founders

Old woman

Study for a Unicorn

Study for St. Stephan: Arm

Study for St. Stephan: Robes Study

Study for St. Stephan: Robes Study

Study for St. Stephen: Head

Study for St. Stephan: Upper body

Armor study

Study about a boy, about one year old, head

Study about a boy, about one year old, head

Study of a boy, about one year old, lower body

Study of a boy, about one year old, lower body

Study sheet

Study sheet

Study sheet

Study sheet for armor

Study sheet for armor

Study sheet: Folded hands

Study sheet

Study sheet: Head of a girl

Study sheet: Head of a girl

Study sheet: Head of a girl

Study sheet: Head of a girl

Study sheet: Heads

Study sheet: Heads and death

Heads in profile

Study sheet with five men's heads

Study sheet with horse head

Study sheet with horse head

Study sheet with horse head

Study sheet with four heads in profile

Coat of arms

Death and wife

Judgment of Paris

Venus with apple

Transfiguration of Christ on the Mount Tabor

Four fighting stallions

Viola

Preliminary drawing for a window pane

Wild berries

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

coat of arms

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

Water castle

Water castle

Female allegorical figure (Fortuna?)

Fides

Vanitas

Female ideal head

Goatbuck

Two fighting nude men

Two profile heads

Two profile heads

Swabian castles

Two fighting riders

See also Hans Baldung Grien: Illustrations

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Famous Artists - Eve by Hans Baldung Grien

Eve

Hans Baldung Grien or Grün[1] (c. 1484 – September 1545) was a German artist in painting and printmaking who was considered the most gifted student of Albrecht Dürer. Throughout his lifetime, Baldung developed a distinctive style, full of color, expression and imagination. His talents were varied, and he produced a great and extensive variety of work including portraits, woodcuts, altarpieces, drawings, tapestries, allegories and mythological motifs.

Early life

Hans Baldung was born in Swabia, Germany in the year 1484 to a family of intellectuals, academics and professionals. His father was a lawyer and his uncle was a doctor, and many other of his family members maintained professional degrees. In fact, Baldung was the first male in his family not to attend university but was one of the first German artists to come from an academic family. His earliest training as an artist began around 1500 in the Upper Rhineland by an artist from Strasbourg.


Life as a student of Dürer
Crucifixion

Beginning in 1503, Baldung was an apprentice for the most well renowned German artist of the day: Albrecht Dürer. Here, he was given his nickname “Grien.” This name foremost comes from his preference to the color green, because he usually wore green clothes. He got this nickname also to distinguish him from the two other Hans’ in the apprenticeship, Hans Schäufelein and Hans Suess von Kulmbach. He later included it in his monogram, and it has also been suggested that it came from "grienhals", a German word for witch. Hans quickly picked up Dürer's influence and style, and they became good friends. In his later trip to the Netherlands in 1521 Dürer's diary shows that he took with him and sold prints by Baldung. On Dürer's death Baldung was sent a lock of his hair, which suggests a close friendship. Near the end of his apprenticeship, Grien oversaw the production of stained glass, woodcuts and engravings, and therefore developed an affinity for them.


Strasbourg

In 1509, when Baldung’s apprenticeship was complete, he moved back to Strasbourg and became a citizen there. He became the celebrity of the town, and was commissioned to make lots of art. The following year he married Margarethe Herlin, joined the guild "zur Steltz", opened a workshop, and began signing his works with the HGB monogram that he used for the rest of his career. His style also became much more mannerist. He loved it there.


Witchcraft and Religious Imagery
The Trinity and Mystic Pietà

In addition to traditional, religious subjects, Baldung was concerned during these years with the profane theme of the imminence of death and with scenes of sorcery and witchcraft. He was responsible for introducing supernatural and erotic themes into German art. He often depicted witches, also a local interest: Strasbourg's humanists studied witchcraft and its bishop was charged with ferreting out witches. His most characteristic paintings are fairly small in scale; a series of puzzling, often erotic allegories and mythological works. The number of Hans Baldung's religious works diminished with the Protestant Reformation's discouragement of idolatry. But earlier, around the same time that he produced Adam and Eve, the artist became interested in themes related to death, the supernatural, witchcraft and sorcery. That Mankind's mortality became a subject for Baldung was not unusual. Baldung’s fascination with witchcraft lasted well into the end of his career.


Work
Painting
Throughout his life, Baldung painted numerous portraits, known for their sharp characterizations.

Throughout his life, Baldung painted numerous portraits, known for their sharp characterizations. While Dürer rigorously details his models, Baldung's style differs by focusing more on the personality of the represented character, an abstract conception of the model's state of mind. Baldung settled eventually in Strasbourg and then to Freiburg im Breisgau, where he executed what is known as his masterpiece. Here in painted an eleven-panel altarpiece for the Freiburg Cathedral, still intact today, depicting scenes from the life of the Virgin, including, The Annunciation, The Visitation, The Nativity, The Flight into Egypt, The Crucifixion, Four Saints and The Donators. These depictions were a large part of the artist’s greater body of work containing several renowned pieces of the Virgin.

The earliest pictures assigned to him by some are altar-pieces with the monogram H. B. interlaced, and the date of 1496, in the monastery chapel of Lichtenthal near Baden-Baden. Another early work is a portrait of the emperor Maximilian, drawn in 1501 on a leaf of a sketch-book now in the print-room at Karlsruhe. "The Martyrdom of St Sebastian and the Epiphany" (now Berlin, 1507), were painted for the market-church of Halle in Saxony.

Baldung's prints, though Düreresque, are very individual in style, and often in subject. They show little direct Italian influence. His paintings are less important than his prints. He worked mainly in woodcut, although he made six engravings, one very fine. He joined in the fashion for chiaroscuro woodcuts, adding a tone block to a woodcut of 1510. Most of his hundreds of woodcuts were commissioned for books, as was usual at the time; his "single-leaf" woodcuts (i.e. prints not for book illustration) are fewer than 100, though no two catalogues agree as to the exact number.

Unconventional as a draughtsman, his treatment of human form is often exaggerated and eccentric (hence his linkage, in the art historical literature, with European Mannerism), whilst his ornamental style—profuse, eclectic, and akin to the self-consciously "German" strain of contemporary limewood sculptors—is equally distinctive. Though Baldung has been commonly called the Correggio of the north, his compositions are a curious medley of glaring and heterogeneous colours, in which pure black is contrasted with pale yellow, dirty grey, impure red and glowing green. Flesh is a mere glaze under which the features are indicated by lines. (1911)

His works are notable for their individualistic departure from the Renaissance composure of his model, Dürer, for the wild and fantastic strength that some of them display, and for their remarkable themes. In the field of painting, his Eve, the Serpent and Death (National Gallery of Canada) shows his strengths well. There is special force in the "Death and the Maiden" panel of 1517 (Basel), in the "Weather Witches" (Frankfurt), in the monumental panels of "Adam" and "Eve" (Madrid), and in his many powerful portraits. Baldung's most sustained effort is the altarpiece of Freiburg, where the Coronation of the Virgin, and the Twelve Apostles, the Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity and Flight into Egypt, and the Crucifixion, with portraits of donors, are executed with some of that fanciful power that Martin Schongauer bequeathed to the Swabian school.

As a portrait painter he is well known. He drew Charles V, as well as Maximilian; and his bust of Margrave Philip in the Munich Gallery tells us that he was connected with the reigning family of Baden as early as 1514. At a later period he had sittings with Margrave Christopher of Baden, Ottilia his wife, and all their children, and the picture containing these portraits is still in the gallery at Karlsruhe. Like Dürer and Cranach, Baldung supported the Protestant Reformation. He was present at the diet of Augsburg in 1518, and one of his woodcuts represents Luther in quasi-saintly guise, under the protection of (or being inspired by) the Holy Spirit, which hovers over him in the shape of a dove.
Selected works
Hans Baldung - Mater Dolorosa (detail)

Two altar wings (Charles the Great, St. George), Augsburg, State Gallery.
The birth Christ, Basel, Kunstmuseum Basel, 1510
The crucifixion of Christ, Basel, Kunstmuseum Basel, 1512
Death and the Maiden, Basel, Kunstmuseum Basel, 1517
The crucifixion of Christ, Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, 1512
The Lamentation of Christ, Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, 1516
Pyramus and Thisbe, Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, around 1530
The Mass of St. Gregory, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, 1511
Christ as a gardener, Darmstadt, Hessen State Museum, 1539
The Adoration of the Magi, Dessau, Anhalt Art Gallery, 1510
Adam and Eva, Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi - Uffizi
Frankfurt am Main, Städel The Baptism of Christ . 1518
Portrait of a youth, Hampton Court, Royal Collection 1509
The unlikely couple, Liverpool, Walker Art Gallery, 1527
Portrait of a man, London, National Gallery, 1514
The Three Ages of Man and Death, Museo del Prado, Madrid
The Holy Trinity, London, National Gallery, 1512
Venus with Cupid, Otterlo, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, 1525
Phyllis and Aristotle, Paris, Louvre . 1503
Stockholm, National Museum Mercury as a planet God . for 1530-1540
Vienna, Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts The Rest on the Flight into Egypt . 1513


References

"Grün, Hans Baldung", in the Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. XI. 1880.

Sources

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Grün". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Bartrum, Giulia, German Renaissance Prints, 1490–1550 (London, British Museum Press, 1995), ISBN 0-7141-2604-7
Koerner, Joseph, The Moment of Self-Portraiture in German Renaissance Art (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1993), ISBN 0-226-44999-8
Sibylle Weber am Bach, Hans Baldung Grien (1484/85-1545). Marienbilder in der Reformation (Regensburg, Schnell & Steiner, 2006) (Studien zur christlichen Kunst, 6).

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