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Frederick Carl Frieseke

 Painting - The Garden Pool by Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Garden Pool

 Painting - Beach In Corsica by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Beach In Corsica

 Painting - The Gold Locket by Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Gold Locket

 Painting - On The River by Frederick Carl Frieseke

On The River

 Painting - Gray Day On The River by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Gray Day On The River

Frederick Carl Frieseke Painting - Hollyhocks by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Hollyhocks

Frederick Carl Frieseke Painting - The Robe by Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Robe

Frederick Carl Frieseke Painting - Sunbath by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Sunbath

Frederick Carl Frieseke Painting - Afternoon. Yellow Room by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Afternoon. Yellow Room

Frederick Carl Frieseke Painting - Nude Seated At Her Dressing Table by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nude Seated At Her Dressing Table

Frederick Carl Frieseke Painting - Girl In Blue Arranging Flowers by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl In Blue Arranging Flowers

Frederick Carl Frieseke Painting - Summer by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Summer

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Afternoon at the Beach (from Hotel Shelburne murals)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Afternoon tea on the Terrace (from the Hotel Shelburne murals)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Apple Blossoms

Frederick Carl Frieseke

At the Bal-Bullier

Frederick Carl Frieseke

At the Dressing Table

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Autumn

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Baby in Pram

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Ballerina

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Before Her Appearance (La Toilette)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Before the Mirror

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Blue Curtains

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Blue Interior

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Breakfast in the Garden

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Bridge Giverny, Frieseke

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Brittany Landscape

Frederick Carl Frieseke

By the Cradle

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Femme nue a sa toilette

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Chaise Longue

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Cherry Blossoms

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Child at the Piano

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Child Knitting

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Closed Blinds

Frederick Carl Frieseke

La Poudreuse

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Dressed for the Evening

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Dutch Landscape

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Élégante aux bibelots

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Fishing in the Swamp

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Frances (study)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Frances

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Blue girl reading

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Garden in June

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Garden Mirror

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl in Blue

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl in Pink

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl knitting

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl with Earrings (study)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl with Earrings

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Green Sash

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Grey Day on the River

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Hélène

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Hill at Giverny

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Hoeing, Jacksonville

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Hollyhocks

Frederick Carl Frieseke

In the Boudoir

Frederick Carl Frieseke

In the Doorway (Good Morning)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

In the Garden, Giverny

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Lady in a Garden

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Lady on a Gold Couch

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Lady Trying On a Hat

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Lady with a Parasol

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Lady with Parasol

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Landscape, Le Pouldu, Brittany

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Late October

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Le thé au jardin

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Lilies

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Lunch in Bed

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Luxembourg Gardens

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Mahdah

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Man Plowing

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Medora Clark at the Clark Apartment, Paris

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Memories

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Mist

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Misty Morning on the Seine

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Montparnasse Landscape (Hilltop Street)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Mrs. Frieseke at the Kitchen Window

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nasturtiums

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Normandy Girl

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nude

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nude Behind Red Curtains

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nude in an Interior

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nude in Dappled Sunlight

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nude in Window

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nude Seated at Her Dressing Table

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Nude

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Olive Trees, Cagnes

Frederick Carl Frieseke

On the Balcony

Frederick Carl Frieseke

On the Bank

Frederick Carl Frieseke

On the Beach in Corsica

Frederick Carl Frieseke

On the Beach, Corsica

Frederick Carl Frieseke

On the Beach

Frederick Carl Frieseke

On the Dunes

Frederick Carl Frieseke

On the River

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Paris, Pont Neuf with Barges

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Peace

Frederick Carl Frieseke

People in the Park

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Portrait of a Woman with a Cactus

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Portrait of a Young Girl

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Portrait of Jane Belo

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Portrait of Madame Gely (On the Couch)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Reading in the Garden

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Reclining Nude

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Reflections (Marcelle)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Reflections

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Rest

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Rest

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Seated Nude

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Self Portrait

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Self Portrait

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Sewing in the Garden

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Sleep

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Spring

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Study of the Nude in an Interior

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Summer Reading

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Summer

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Sun and Wind

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Sunbath

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Balcony

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Birdcage

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Blue Gown

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Carriage House

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Fountain

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Garden Umbrella

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Garden Umbrella

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Gold Locket

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Green Chair

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Hammock (study)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Hammock

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Hour of Tea

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Japanese Parasol

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Judas Tree

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Kitchen Door

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Mother

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Old Fashioned Gown

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Open Window

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Parasol

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Pirogue

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Practice Hour

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Robe

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Window

Frederick Carl Frieseke

The Yellow Tulip

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Through the Vines

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Torn Lingerie

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Two Women on the Grass

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Two Young Women in a Garden

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Under the Striped Umbrella (from Hotel Shelburne murals)

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Under the Willows

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Unraveling Silk

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Venus au Soleil

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman at a Dressing Table

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman before a Mirror

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman in a Doorway

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman in an Interior

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman in Boudoir

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman Seated in a Garden

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman Seated in a Park with Basket

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman Tying Her Shoe

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman with a Flower Basket

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman with a Mirror

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Woman with fan

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Yellow and Blue

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Yellow Tulips

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Youth

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl in a blue dress with a fan

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl in thought

Frederick Carl Frieseke

Coral earrings

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Frederick Carl Frieseke Painting - Girl In Blue Arranging Flowers by Frederick Carl Frieseke

Girl In Blue Arranging Flowers

Frederick Carl Frieseke (April 7, 1874 – August 24, 1939) was an American Impressionist painter who spent most of his life as an expatriate in France. An influential member of the Giverny art colony, his paintings often concentrated on various effects of dappled sunlight. He is especially known for painting female subjects, both indoors and out.

Background and early life

In 1858, Frederick Carl Frieseke's grandparents, Frederick Frieseke and his wife, emigrated from Pritzerbe (near Brandenburg, Germany) with their sons, including Herman Carl. They settled in the small central Michigan town of Owosso. Herman served in the Union Army then returned to Owosso, where he established a brick manufacturing business. He married Eva Graham and in 1871 their daughter Edith was born. Their son, Frederick Carl, was born in Owosso in 1874.[1] Eva died in 1880 when Frederick was six years old,[2] and in about 1881 the family moved to Florida.[3] Herman started another brick manufacturing business in Jacksonville. The four years in Florida left an enduring impression on young Frederick; years later, when he contemplated a return to the United States from Europe, he concentrated on Florida.[1]

Frederick's aunt recounted how, unlike most boys, he was interested in the arts more than in sports. His grandmother, Valetta Gould Graham, enjoyed painting, and encouraged Frederick in his artistic pursuits.[2] An 1893 visit to the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago also stimulated his desire to become an artist.[4]


Education
Holland 1898

In 1893, Frieseke graduated from Owosso High School, then began his artistic training at the Art Institute of Chicago,[2] studying with Frederick Warren Freer and John Vanderpoel.[3] After moving to New York in 1895,[2] he resumed his art education at the Art Students League in 1897.[5] He worked as an illustrator, selling cartoons he had drawn to The New York Times, Puck, and Truth. He claimed that he might have curtailed his art education if he had been more successful in that endeavor.[6] The following year, he moved to France, where he would remain, except for short visits to the United States and elsewhere, as an expatriate for the rest of his life.[7] He did continue his education, enrolling at the Académie Julian in Paris, studying under Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant and Jean-Paul Laurens,[3] and receiving criticism from Auguste-Joseph Delecluse.[8] His studies also included some time at Académie Carmen under James Abbott McNeill Whistler.[3] Frieseke visited Holland, including the Katwijk and Laren artist colonies, in the summer of 1898. During this time he sketched and painted in watercolors, and he initially planned to make that his specialty,[9] but he was encouraged by Académie Carmen instructor Frederick William MacMonnies to work in oils.[4]

Frieseke discounted his formal art education, referring to himself as self-taught; he felt that he had learned more from his independent study of artists' work than he had from his academic studies.[7]


Life and work
Mrs. Frieseke at the Kitchen Window, 1912

Starting in 1899, just over a year since his arrival in Paris, Frieseke exhibited at the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts.[10]

Whistler's influence is evident in Frieseke's early mature paintings, with close tonalities.[5] By his post-1900 work, his palette had evolved toward that of the Impressionists, becoming light and colorful; however, he still retained the strong linear customs of art back in the United States.[11]

In the summer of 1905, he spent at least a month in the Giverny art colony.[12] In October of that year he married Sarah Anne O'Bryan[13] (known as Sadie),[14] whom he had met seven years earlier.[15] Frieseke and his wife (and later, their daughter) spent every summer from 1906 to 1919 in Giverny.[4] He kept a Paris apartment and studio throughout his life,[8] and the Friesekes spent the winters in Paris.[16] Their Giverny house, previously the residence of Theodore Robinson, was next door to Claude Monet's. Despite the proximity, Frieseke did not become close friends with Monet, nor was Monet an artistic influence.[11] He said in an interview, "No artist in [the impressionist] school has influenced me except, perhaps, Renoir."[2] Indeed, Frieseke's paintings of sensually rounded figures often bear a resemblance to those of Pierre-Auguste Renoir.[11]


The House in Giverny, ca. 1912

The Friesekes' Giverny home and the garden they created there were often featured in his paintings,[5] and his wife would frequently pose for him.[10] He also kept another studio nearby on the Epte river. Many of his outdoor nudes were painted there.[5]

After spending some time in Giverny, his unique style quickly emerged, and he would be quite influential with most of the other members of the colony.[5] Although well known as an Impressionist, some of his work, with its "intense, almost arbitrary colors", demonstrates the Post-Impressionist influence of artists Paul Gauguin and Pierre Bonnard.[17] The term "Decorative Impressionism" was coined by an art writer to refer to Frieseke's style. It combined the decorative style of Les Nabis, expressively using color and pattern, with classic Impressionist interests in atmosphere and sunlight.[4]

He was very interested in rendering sunlit subjects on canvas, saying, "It is sunshine, flowers in sunshine; girls in sunshine; the nude in sunshine, which I have been principally interested in. If I could only reproduce it exactly as I see it I would be satisfied."[2] However, his interpretation of sunshine often did not appear natural. According to a recent observer, "His light hardly seems to be plein air light at all. In fact it seems entirely artificial ... a stunning concoction of blues and magentas frosted with early summer green and flecks of white."[5]

The prestigious Venice Biennale featured seventeen Frieseke paintings in 1909.[16]

Frieseke's artistic influence was greatly felt among the Americans in Giverny, most of whom shared his Midwestern background and had also begun their art studies in Chicago. Among those artists were Louis Ritman, Karl Anderson, Lawton Parker, and Karl Buehr.[5]
Cherry Blossoms, ca. 1913

Frieseke preferred the attitudes in France over those which he encountered in the United States: "I am more free and there are not the Puritanical restrictions which prevail in America – here I can paint the nude out of doors."[11] He found the American attitudes to be frustrating, but occasionally a source of amusement. While on his first visit back home in Owosso in 1902, Frieseke wrote, "I get much pleasure in shocking the good Church people with the nudes".[18]

The Friesekes' only child, daughter Frances, was born in 1914.[10] In 1920 Frieseke and his family moved to a farm in Le Mesnil-sur-Blangy, Normandy. His art of this period concentrated on female figures, particularly nudes. While developing a more modern style, he included historical and contemporary references. He used a darker color palette and limited his use of surface patterns.[4] In these works, his interest in chiaroscuro may be discerned.[8]

In 1923 he left the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and co-founded, with other artists, the Salon des Tuileries.[19] He resumed painting in watercolors, especially while on trips to Nice in the winter and during a 1930 to 1932 visit to Switzerland.[4]

Frieseke had established a superb reputation during his career. A 1931 book refers to Frieseke as "one of the most prominent members of our self-exiled Americans."[20] He died in his Normandy home on August 24, 1939, of an aneurysm.[21]
Awards
Summer, 1914

He won many awards during his career. In 1904 he received a silver medal in St. Louis at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition and was awarded a gold medal at the Munich International Art Exposition. He was honored with the William A. Clark Prize at the Corcoran Gallery of Art's 1908 biennial, and the Temple Gold Medal in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts' annual exhibition of 1913. One of his greatest honors was winning the Grand Prize at the Panama–Pacific International Exposition, which was held in San Francisco in 1915.[3] Among his entries was Summer, now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.[22] The New York Times proclaimed in June 1915: "Mr. Frieseke, whose accomplished work is well known to New Yorkers, says the last word in the style that was modern before the Modernists came along. Whatever he does has a sense of design, color, and style. A sense of gayety, an entertaining and well considered pattern, a remarkable knowledge of the effect of outdoor light on color are found in nearly all of his most recent paintings."[23]

He received two gold medals from the Art Institute of Chicago in 1920 and he also won the popular prize, decided by artists as well as the viewing public.[2]

Frieseke was elected an Associate of the National Academy of Design (ANA) in 1912, and an Academician (NA) in 1914.[3][24] He was decorated as a Chevalier of the French Legion of Honour in 1920,[16] a rare recognition for an American painter.
Collections

Frieseke's work is in many major collections including:

Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts
Art Institute of Chicago
Brigham Young University Museum of Art, Provo, Utah
Brooklyn Museum, New York City
Butler Institute of American Art, Ohio
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, Virginia
Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, California
Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens, Jacksonville, Florida
Detroit Institute of Arts
Georgia Museum of Art, Athens, Georgia
Grand Rapids Art Museum
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
Huntington Library, San Marino, California[17]
Indianapolis Museum of Art
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Maier Museum of Art at Randolph College, Lynchburg, Virginia
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Musée franco-américain du château de Blérancourt
Musée Léon Dierx, Saint-Denis, Réunion
Museo d'Art Moderna de Ca' Pesaro, Venice
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Museum of the National Academy of Design, New York City
Musée des Impressionnismes (formerly the Musée d'Art Américain), Giverny
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
National Museums Liverpool
New Britain Museum of American Art, Connecticut
North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Shiawassee Arts Center, Owosso, Michigan
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C.
Telfair Museum of Art, Savannah, Georgia
Terra Foundation for American Art, Chicago
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid[16]
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond
Wichita Art Museum

References

Kilmer, et al., p. 13.
"Frederick Carl Frieseke". Shiawassee District Library. Owosso, Michigan. 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
Dearinger, p. 214.
"Frederick Frieseke". Collections. Terra Foundation for American Art. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
Gerdts, William H. "Frederick Carl Frieseke 1874". Butler Institute of American Art. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
Kilmer, et al., p. 56.
Hoopes, p. 122.
"Frederick Carl Frieseke: Biography". Hollis Taggart Galleries. 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
Kilmer, et al., p. 15.
"Frederick Carl Frieseke". New Britain Museum of American Art. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
"Treasures to Go: Artist Biography: Frederick Carl Frieseke". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
Kilmer, et al., p. 31.
Kilmer, et al., p. 121.
Kilmer, et al., p. 17.
Kilmer, et al., p. 120.
Maddox, Kenneth W. (2009). "Biography and Works: Frederick Carl Frieseke". Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
"Woman Seated in a Garden". Huntington Library. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
Kilmer, et al., p. 21.
Kilmer, et al., p. 40.
Neuhaus, p. 269.
Kilmer, et al., p. 47.
Kilmer, et al., p. 36.
Kilmer, et al., p. 95.

Hoopes, p. 149.

Sources

Dearinger, David B. (2004). Painting and Sculpture in the Collection of National Academy of Design. New York: Hudson Hills Press. ISBN 1-55595-029-9. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
Hoopes, Donelson F. (1972). The American Impressionists. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. ISBN 0-8230-0212-8.
Kilmer, Nicholas; Mecklenburg, Virginia M.; Sellin, David; Weinberg, H. Barbara (2001). Frederick Carl Frieseke: The Evolution of an American Impressionist. Savannah, Georgia: Telfair Museum of Art. ISBN 0-691-08922-1.
Neuhaus, Eugen (1931). The History and Ideals of American Art. Palo Alto, California: Stanford University Press. OCLC 491066766. Retrieved 3 February 2011.

Further reading

Frieseke, Frederick C. (2000). Uneventful Reminiscences: A Childhood in Florida. New York, N.Y: Hollis Taggart Galleries. ISBN 0-9705723-0-1.
Gerdts, William H. (2001). American Impressionism. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 0-7892-0737-0.
Gerdts, William H.; Monet, Claude (1993). Monet's Giverny: An Impressionist Colony. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 1-55859-386-1.
Taylor, E. A. (September 15, 1914). "The Paintings of F. C. Frieseke". The Studio 62 (258): 258–267. Retrieved November 14, 2011.

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