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Frédéric Bazille


Paintings

The Family Reunion

View of the Village

Girl in a Pink Dress

Self-Portrait with Palette

Portrait of Auguste Renoir

The Terrace at Méric (Oleander)

Bathers (Summer Scene)

After the Bath

Louis Auriol Fishing

The Artist's Studio

The Little Gardener

Woman in Moorish Costume

Still Life with Fish

Fisherman with a Net

The Improvised Ambulance, The painter Monet wounded at Chailly-en-Biere after his accident

Chailly

Portrait of Alphonse Tissie

The Toilet

The Negress with Peonies

Ruth and Boaz

Queen's gate at Aigues

The Beach at Sainte-Adresse

Landscape at the edge of the Lez

Flowers

Young nude man lying on the grass

Saint-Saveur

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Famous Artists - The Toilet by Frederic Bazille

The Toilet

Frederic Bazille

Jean Frédéric Bazille (December 6, 1841 – November 28, 1870) was a French Impressionist painter. Many of Bazille's major works are examples of figure painting in which Bazille placed the subject figure within a landscape painted en plein air.[1]

Life and work
Bazille's Studio; 9 Rue de la Condamine, 1870, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. From left to right: Pierre Auguste Renoir sitting, Emile Zola (standing on the stairs), Eduard Manet and Claude Monet (with the hat) - next to Bazille, talking about one of his paintings. [2]

Frédéric Bazille was born in Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, into a wealthy Protestant family. He became interested in painting after seeing some works of Eugène Delacroix. His family agreed to let him study painting, but only if he also studied medicine.[1]

Bazille began studying medicine in 1859, and moved to Paris in 1862 to continue his studies. There he met Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley, was drawn to Impressionist painting, and began taking classes in Charles Gleyre's studio. After failing his medical exam in 1864, he began painting full-time. His close friends included Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, and Édouard Manet. Bazille was generous with his wealth, and helped support his less fortunate associates by giving them space in his studio and materials to use.[1]

Bazille was just twenty-three years old when he painted several of his best-known works, including The Pink Dress (ca. 1864, Musée d'Orsay, Paris). This painting combines a portrait-like depiction of Bazille's cousin, Thérèse des Hours, who is seen from behind—and the sunlit landscape at which she gazes.[3] His best-known painting is Family Reunion of 1867–1868 (Musée d'Orsay, Paris).

Frédéric Bazille joined a Zouave regiment in August 1870, a month after the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. On November 28 of that year he was with his unit at the Battle of Beaune-la-Rolande when, his officer having been injured, he took command and led an assault on the German position. He was hit twice in the failed attack and died on the battlefield at the age of twenty eight. His father travelled to the battlefield a few days later to take his body back for burial at Montpellier over a week later.[4]


Main works

La Robe rose, (1864) - 147 x 110 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Atelier de la rue Furstenberg, - 80 x 65 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
Aigues-Mortes, - 46 x 55 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
Autportrait, (1865) - 109x72 cm, Art Institute of Chicago
Réunion de Famille, (1867) - 152 x 230 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Le Pécheur à l'épervier, (1868) - 134 x 83 cm, Fondation Rau pour le tiers-monde, Zürich
Vue de village, (1868) - 130 x 89 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
Scène d'été, 1869 - 158 x 158 cm, Cambridge, Harvard University
La Toilette, (1870) - 132 x 127 cm., Musée Fabre, Montpellier
L'Atelier de la rue Condamine, (1870) - 98 x 128.5 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Paysage au bord du Lez, (1870) - 137.8 x 202.5 cm, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis


Notes

"Frédéric Bazille: A Tragic Story". WetCanvas. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
[The Art Book, 1994 Phaidon Press, page 33, ISBN 91-0-056859-7 http://uk.phaidon.com/store/art/the-art-book-mini-format-9780714836256/]
Rosenblum, 1989, p. 225

Burlington magazine entry

References

Pitman, Dianne W. (1998). Bazille: Purity, Pose and Painting in the 1860s. University Park: Penn State University Press. ISBN 978-0-271-01700-6.

Rosenblum, Robert (1989). Paintings in the Musée d'Orsay. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang. ISBN 1-55670-099-7

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