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Fred Barnard

Barnaby Rudge - Charles Dickens

Barnaby Rudge and the Raven Grip

Beelzebub and them that are with him shoot arrows

Franco-Prussian War - Students Going to Man the Barricades

Discussing the War in a Paris Café

Mr. Carker and Edith Dombey - Charles Dickens

Little Nell and Her Grandfather - Charles Dickens

Mr and Mrs Micawber and the Twins From "David Copperfield"

Mr. Pecksniff, looking sweetly over the half-door of the bar

Mr. Pickwick Picnics

Mrs. Gamp, on the Art of Nursing

Newman Noggs and Kate Nickleby - Charles Dickens

Bob Cratchit and Tiny Tim

Frederick (Fred) Barnard (16 May 1846 – 28 September 1896)[1] was a Victorian English illustrator, caricaturist and genre painter. He is noted for his work on the novels of Charles Dickens published between 1871 and 1879 by Chapman and Hall.[2]

Life and work
One of Barnard's illustrations of the Franco-Prussian War for The Illustrated London News

Barnard was the son of a silversmith. He studied art under Léon Bonnat in Paris,[3] and worked in London and at Cullercoats on the Northumberland coast. His work was exhibited at the Royal Academy of Art. He also worked as an illustrator for Punch, The Illustrated London News, and Harper's Weekly. In 1870 Barnard married Alice Faraday, a niece of Michael Faraday. In the 1880s, Barnard and his wife joined a colony of artists at Broadway in the Cotswolds.

Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose

In 1871 Barnard was commissioned by Chapman and Hall to illustrate nine volumes of the Household Edition of Dickens' work. It included Bleak House, A Tale of Two Cities, Sketches by Boz, Nicholas Nickleby, Barnaby Rudge, Dombey and Son and Martin Chuzzlewit. He followed in the footsteps of the respected illustrator Hablot Knight Browne who had worked with Dickens himself. Barnard created some 450 illustrations over an eight-year period, and became known as "the Charles Dickens among black-and-white artists."

Alice Faraday by John Singer Sargent

Barnard concentrated on illustrating scenes other than those that Browne and Dickens had chosen to portray. Whereas Browne was inclined to create dramatic group scenes for his prints, Barnard was more interested in showing the relationships between pairs of characters. At the same time, Barnard also had to seamlessly blend the characters as visualised by Browne with his own style, trying not to deviate too much from their established appearance.

By the end of the nineteenth century, Barnard had also acquired a reputation as a portraitist to the aristocracy and the Royal Family.

After the death of his son Geoffrey in 1891, Barnard went into a decline. His relationship with Alice suffered, and he fell into a deep depression, which he tried to escape by taking laudanum. On 27 September 1896 Barnard died in Wimbledon after his bedclothes caught fire from the pipe he was smoking while under the influence of a drug, probably laudanum. His cause of death was suffocation, although his body was also badly charred.


Barnard was married to Alice Faraday (1847–1924) on the Isle of Wight on 11 August 1870. They had three children: Geoffrey (1872–1891), Dorothy, or "Dolly" (1878–1949), and Polly (1882-?).[4] Geoffrey was an artist himself, who worked alongside his father until his death on 18 December 1891 in Evesham from congenital heart disease.

The painter Elinor M. Barnard (1872–1942) was Barnard's niece.[5]

John Singer Sargent had become very close to the Barnard family by the time of Frederick's death. Barnard's daughters Dorothy and Polly served as the models for Sargent's painting Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose.[6] He would, in later years, take the Barnard girls along on his painting trips to southern Europe. In Sargent's will, drawn up in 1918, he left £5000 to Alice Barnard.


Clark, Alan, Dictionary of British Comic Artists, Writers and Editors, The British Library, 1998, p. 9
"Victorian Web". Victorian Web. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2013-01-05.
O'Donoghue 1901.
Natasha. "JSS Gallery". JSS Gallery. Retrieved 2013-01-05.
Natasha. "JSS Gallery". JSS Gallery. Retrieved 2013-01-05.

Richard Ormond, "Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose," in Stanley Olson et al., Sargent at Broadway: The Impressionist Years (New York: Universe/Coe Kerr Gallery, 1986).


Hammerton, J. A. The Dickens Picture-Book. London: Educational Book Co., 1910.
Kitton, Frederic G. Dickens and His Illustrators. 1899. Rpt. Honolulu: U. Press of the Pacific, 2004.
O'Donoghue, Freeman Marius (1901). "Barnard, Frederick". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
The Pilgrim's Progress, John Bunyan, 1893, John C. Winston & Co., over 100 illustrations by Fred Barnard

Artist, UK


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