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Francesco Hayez


Paintings

The Kiss

Aristotle


Bath of the Nymphs


Bath of the Nymphs , detail


Bather

Bather viewed from behind


Bathsheba Bathing


Penitent Mary Magdalene


The windows of the harem


The Kiss


The seventh crusade against Jerusalem


The death of the Doge Marin Faliero


The liberation Vittore Pisani 's out of prison


The two Foscari


The Refugees Of Parga


The patient ( Portrait of Carolina Zucchi )


The new favorite ( Harem Scene )


The destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem


Ephraim


Family Portrait


Painting Series " Sicilian evenings ," scene


Painting Series " Sicilian evenings ," Scene 3


Reclining Odalisque


Melancholy thought


Odalisque


Odalisque with book


Ulysses at the court of Alcinous


Portrait of Antonietta Negroni Prati Morosini


Portrait of Antonietta Negroni Prati Morosini


Portrait of Antonietta Tarsis Basilico


Portrait of Antonietta Vitali Sola

Portrait of the Ballerina Carlotta Chabert as Venus


Portrait of Cristina di Trivulzio Belgiojoso


Portrait of Stampa di Sonico family


Portrait of Felicina Caglio Perego di Cremnago


Portrait of Matilde Juva - Branca


Portrait of the Princess di Sant ' Antimo


Portrait of Teresa Borri Stampa Manzoni


Portrait of Alessandro Manzoni


Portrait of Camillo Benso Cavour


Portrait of Count Baglioni


Portrait of Count Ninni


Portrait of Don Giulio Vigoni as a child


Portrait of Giocchino Rossini


Portrait of Giuseppe Roberti


Portrait of Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria


Portrait of Massimo d ' Azeglio


Portrait of Pompeo Marchesi


Portrait of a Venetian Woman

Rinaldo and Armida


Romeo and Juliet


Back view of a bather


Ruth

Samson and the Lion

Self Portrait with 69 years


Self Portrait with 88 years


Venetian women


Female Nude


Meeting of Jacob and Esau

The destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem

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Francesco Hayez Art - The Kiss by Francesco Hayez

The Kiss

Francesco Hayez

Francesco Hayez (Italian: [ˈaːjets]; 10 February 1791 – 21 December 1881) was an Italian painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits.

Biography

Hayez came from a relatively poor family from Venice. His father was of French origin while his mother, Chiara Torcella, was from Murano. The child Francesco, youngest of five sons, was brought up by his mother's sister, who had married Giovanni Binasco, a well-off shipowner and collector of art. From childhood he showed a predisposition for drawing, so his uncle apprenticed him to an art restorer. Later he became a student of the painter Francesco Maggiotto with whom he continued his studies for three years. He was admitted to the painting course of the New Academy of Fine Arts in 1806, where he studied under Teodoro Matteini. In 1809 he won a competition from the Academy of Venice for one year of study at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. He remained in Rome until 1814, then moved to Naples where he was commissioned by Joachim Murat to paint a major work depicting Ulysses at the court of Alcinous. In the mid-1830s he attended the "Salotto Maffei" salon in Milan, hosted by Clara Maffei (whose portrait Hayez painted for her husband), and he was still in Milan in 1850 when he was appointed director of the Academy of Brera there.

Francesco Hayez lived long and was prolific. His output spanned both historic paintings, including those that would have appealed to the patriotic sensibility of his patrons. Others reflect the desire to accompany a Neoclassic style to grand themes, either from biblical or classical literature. He also painted scenes from theatrical presentations of his day. Conspicuously lacking from his output, however, are altarpieces intended for devotional display. However, after the Napoleonic invasions deconsecrated many churches and convents in Northern Italy, the region was not lacking for religious artworks that were removed either to museums or concentrated in the remaining active religious institutions. Corrado Ricci describes him as starting as a classicist but then evolving to a style of emotional tumult.[1]


The Kiss (1859)

His portraits have the intensity seen with Ingres and the Nazarene movement. Often sitting, the subjects dress in austere, often black and white clothing, with little to no accoutrements. While he did complete portraits for the nobility, other subjects are artists and musicians. Late in his career, he is known to have worked using photographs.

One of his favorite themes was a semi-clothed female. Often they were, like his Odalisque, evocative of oriental themes, which had been a favorite topic of Romantic painters.[2] The depictions of harems and their women allowed them the ability to paint scenes not acceptable in their society. Even his Mary Magdalene has more sensuality than religious fervor.

Among his works, his painting The Kiss was considered among his best work by contemporaries, and has only gained in esteem since then. The anonymous, unaffected gesture of the couple does not require knowledge of myth or literature to interpret, and appeals to a modern gaze.[3]

Assessment of the career of Hayez is complicated by the fact that he often did not sign or date his works. Often the date indicated from the evidence is that at which the work was acquired or sold, not of its creation. Moreover he often painted the same compositions several times with minimal variations, or even with no variation. His early works show the influence of His later work participates in the Classical revival.

Among his pupils from the Academy were Carlo Belgioioso, Amanzio Cattaneo, Angelo Pietrasanta, Alessandro Focosi, Francesco Valaperta, Teglio Milla Ismaele, Antonio Tavella, Lamperti Giovanni, Silo Antonio, and Livo Pecora.[4]

External links

Corrado Ricci (1911) Art in Northern Italy. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 95.
See Ingres' Grande Odalisque
Alfredo Melani (1905). "Tranquillo Cremona - Painter," Studio International, Vol. 33, pp. 43-45.
*Delle arti del designo e degli artisti nelle provincie di Lombardia dal 1777-1862 by Antonio Caini (1862). Presso Luigi di Giacomo Pirola, Milan. Page 61.

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