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Francesco Costanzo Cattaneo (1602 – July 3, 1665) was an Italian painter of the Baroque period, born and mainly active in Ferrara. He is also known as Costanzo or Costanza Cattanio.


Biography

He initially trained with Scarsellino in Ferrara, then spent some time in Bologna, where he was first a pupil of Ippolito Scarsellino, and then may have worked under Reni. After the death of his father, he returned to Ferrara. He is described as prone to carrying a sword, hunting, and brawls. He was so quarrelsome and turbulent a disposition that he passed the greater portion of his life in exile or in disgrace. After injuring a soldier, Cattaneo was forced to seek refuge to a monastery (San Francesco) where he was employed, in painting frescoes.

One source says he excelled in painting scenes of soldiers and ruffians in combat. In 1654, he traveled briefly to Rome in the patronage of Cardinal Carlo Pio di Savoia (1622-1689).

Among his works are paintings of the passion, an Ecce Homo and a Flagellation (1624), in the lateral altar of the chapel of the Crucifix of the church of San Giorgio, Ferrara, painted after an earthquake afflicted the town. He painted a St. Matthew destroys the idols for the church of Santo Spirito; a Prayer in the garden of Gesthemane for the chorus of the church of San Benedetto; a St. Louis rejecting the Ducal crown initially for the Gesu, later in the church San Stefano. He painted an Annunciation for the church of Santo Spirito and Christ praying on the Mount for the church of San Benedetto.
References
Farquhar, Maria (1855). Ralph Nicholson Wornum, ed. Biographical catalogue of the principal Italian painters. Woodfall & Kinder, Angel Court, Skinner Street, London; Digitized by Googlebooks from Oxford University copy on Jun 27, 2006. p. 43.
Camillo Laderchi (1856). La pittura ferrarese, memorie. Googlebooks. p. 173.
Bryan, Michael (1886). Robert Edmund Graves, ed. Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, Biographical and Critical (Volume I: A-K). York St. #4, Covent Garden, London; Original from Fogg Library, Digitized May 18, 2007: George Bell and Sons. p. 252.

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