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Domenico Beccafumi

Paintings

The Holy Family Print by Domenico Beccafumi

The Holy Family

Marcia Print by Domenico Beccafumi

Marcia

Tanaquil Print by Domenico Beccafumi

Tanaquil

The Story of Papirius Print by Domenico Beccafumi

The Story of Papirius

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Concordia

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Caritas

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Carundas and Celius

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Victims of Codrus

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Victims of Seleucus

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Fall of Marcus Manilius

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Publius Muzius

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: beheading of the Spurious

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Assassination of Melius

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: reconciliation

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Justizia

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Justizia , detail

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Postumius Tiburzius kills his son

Domenico Beccafumi

Plazzo Pubblico in Siena: Speusippus Tegaeatum and Fabius the Great

Domenico Beccafumi

Enthroned Madonna

Domenico Beccafumi

Descent into Hell

Domenico Beccafumi

St. Mark

Domenico Beccafumi

The Holy Family

Domenico Beccafumi

The Holy Family

Domenico Beccafumi

The St. Catherine receiving the stigmata

Domenico Beccafumi

The Mystic Marriage

Domenico Beccafumi

The punishment of Hellfire

Domenico Beccafumi

Frescoes in the Oratory of St. Benedict : Death of the Virgin

Domenico Beccafumi

Frescoes in the Oratory of St. Benedict : marriage of Mary

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : The sacrifice of Seleucus of Locris

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : The brave Macedonian boy

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : The brave Macedonian boy

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : The Suicide of Cato of Utica

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : The continence of Scipio

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : Scipio devotes his soldiers

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : Zeuxis paints the portrait of Helena

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : contest between Minerva and Neptune

Domenico Beccafumi

Palazzo Bindi Segardi : The Flood

Domenico Beccafumi

Nativity

Domenico Beccafumi

St. Anthony of Padua and the miracle ass

Domenico Beccafumi

St. Christopher

Domenico Beccafumi

St. Francis receiving the stigmata

Domenico Beccafumi

Inferno

Domenico Beccafumi

Madonna and John the Baptist

Domenico Beccafumi

Nativity of Mary

Domenico Beccafumi

Coronation of the Virgin with Saints

Domenico Beccafumi

Moses receiving the Tablets of the Law

Domenico Beccafumi

Sermon of St. Bernardine at the Piazza in Siena

Domenico Beccafumi

Self-portrait

Domenico Beccafumi

Enthroned St. Paul , altarpiece

Domenico Beccafumi

Triptych of the Trinity

Domenico Beccafumi

Triptych of the Trinity , central panel , detail : Angel

Domenico Beccafumi

Annunciation

Drawings

Domenico Beccafumi

Two apostles

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The Story of Papirius Print by Domenico Beccafumi

The Story of Papirius

Domenico di Pace Beccafumi (1486 – May 18, 1551) was an Italian Renaissance-Mannerist painter active predominantly in Siena. He is considered one of the last undiluted representatives of the Sienese school of painting.


Biography

Domenico was born in Montaperti, near Siena, the son of Giacomo di Pace, a peasant who worked on the estate of Lorenzo Beccafumi. Seeing his talent for drawing, Lorenzo adopted him, and commended him to learn painting from Mechero, a lesser Sienese artist.[1] In 1509 he traveled to Rome, but soon returned to Siena, and while the Roman forays of two Sienese artists of roughly his generation (Il Sodoma and Peruzzi) had imbued them with elements of the Umbrian-Florentine Classical style, Beccafumi's style remains, in striking ways, provincial. In Siena, he painted religious pieces for churches and of mythological decorations for private patrons, only mildly influenced by the gestured Mannerist trends dominating the neighboring Florentine school. There are medieval eccentricities, sometimes phantasmagoric, superfluous emotional detail and a misty non-linear, often jagged quality to his drawings, with primal tonality to his coloration that separates him from the classic Roman masters.


Pavement of Duomo di Siena

In addition to painting, he also directed the celebrated pavement of the cathedral of Siena from 1517 to 1544, a task that took over a century and a half. The pavement shows vast designs in commesso work—white marble, that is, engraved with the outlines of the subject in black, and having borders inlaid with rich patterns in many colours. From the year Beccafumi was engaged in continuing this pavement, he made very ingenious improvements in the technical processes employed, and laid down scenes from the stories of Ahab and Elijah, of Melchisedec, of Abraham[2] and of Moses. He made a triumphal arch and an immense mechanical horse for the procession of the emperor Charles V on his entry into Siena.


Critical assessment and legacy
The beheading of Spurius Cassius Viscellinus, fresco (1532–1535), Palazzo Pubblico, Siena.

Compared to the equilibrated, geometric, and self-assured Florentine style, the Sienese style of painting edges into a more irrational and emotionally unbalanced world. Buildings are often transected, and perspectives awkward. The setting is often hallucinogenic; the colors, discordant. For example, in the Nativity (Church of San Martino) hovering angels form an architectural hoop, and figures enter from the shadows of a ruined arch. In his Annunciation, the Virgin resides in a world neither in day or dusk, she and the Angel Gabriel shine while the house is in shambles. In Christ in Limbo (Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena), an atypically represented topic, Christ sways in contrapposto as he enters a netherworld of ruins and souls. S.J. Freedberg compares his vibrant eccentric figures to those of the Florentine mannerist contemporary Rosso Fiorentino, yet more "optical and fluid". While all the elements of the expected religious scenes are here, it is like a play in which all the actors have taken atypical costumes, and forgotten some of their lines.

In Medieval Italy, Siena had been an artistic, economic, and political rival of Florence; but wars and natural disasters caused a decline by the 15th century. Stylistically, Beccafumi is among the last in a line of Sienese artists, a medieval believer of miracles awaking in Renaissance reality.
Holy Family with St. John.
Partial anthology of works

The Miraculous Communion of St Catherine of Siena[3] (1513) - J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Saint Catherine of Siena Receiving the Stigmata[4] (1513) - J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Trinity triptych[5] (1513) - Oil on wood, 152 x 228 cm, Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena
Marriage of St Catherine (1514–1515) - Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena
St. Paul[6] (1515) - Oil on wood, 190 x 150 cm, Museo dell'Opera Metropolitana, Siena
Marcia (1519), National Gallery, London[7]
Stigmatization of St. Catherine of Siena (1515) - Oil on wood, 208 x 156 cm, Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena[8]
The Betrothal of the Virgin (1518) - Fresco, 295 x 304 cm, Oratory of San Bernardino, Siena
Tanaquil (1519) - Oil on wood, 92 x 53 cm, National Gallery, London
Self Portrait (1520)[9]
St. Lucy (1521) - Oil on wood, Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena[10]
Mystical Marriage of St. Catherine (1521) - Hermitage, St. Petersburg[11]
Frescoes -Palazzo Bindi-Segardi, Siena
Frescoes of scenes from Roman history[12]Palazzo Pubblico, Siena (1529–1535)[13]
The Holy Family with Young Saint John (1523–1524) - Oil on panel, diameter 86 cm, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
Fall of the Rebel Angels (c. 1524) -Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena
Fall of the Rebel Angels[14] (c. 1528) - Oil on wood, 347 x 225 cm, San Niccolò al Carmine, Siena
Vision of St. Catherine of Sienna (1528) - Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa
The Baptism of Christ (1528) -Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa
The Nativity - Allentown Art Museum, Allentown
Venus and Cupid with Vulcan (1528) - New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans
Holy Family with St. John[15] (c. 1530) -Oil on panel, diameter 84 cm, Uffizi, Florence
Holy Family with Saint Anne - Private collection
Escape of Clelia and the Roman Virgins - Uffizi, Florence
Punishment of Dathan - Pisa Cathedral
Drawing for Christ in Limbo (Stolen)[16]
Christ in Limbo (1535) - Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena
Moses and the Golden Calf[17] (1536–1537) - Oil on wood, 197 x 139 cm, Pisa Cathedral
Saint Bernard of Siena Preaching[18] (1537) - Musée du Louvre, Paris
Saint Anthony and the Miracle of the Mule[19] (1537) - Musée du Louvre, Paris
Saint Francis receives the stigmata[20] (1537) - Musée du Louvre, Paris
Birth of the Virgin[21] (1543) - Oil on wood, 233 x 145 cm, Accademia, Siena
Annunciation (1545–1546) - Oil on wood, Saints Martino and Vittorio, Sarteano
Coronation of the Virgin (1540s) - Santo Spirito, Siena
Madonna with infant and St. John[22] (1540) - Oil on panel, 90 x 65 cm, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome
Holy Family with Angels - National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC[23]
Holy Family and St. John - Alte Pinakothek, Munich[24]
Statues of Angels (1548–1550) - Presbytery of Siena Cathedral[25]
Judith with the Head of Holofernes - The Wallace Collection, London.
Drawing of Abraham[2]
St. Peter -[26] -Woodcut, Cleveland Museum of Art
Angels drawing (1524–25) -San Francisco[27]

References

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Beccafumi, Domenico di Pace". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Painting in Italy 1500–1600, S.J. Freedberg, (Penguin History of Art, 2nd Edition, 1983).

Notes

Hence his nickname Il Mecherino.
"Study for the Figure of Abraham (Getty Museum)". Getty.edu. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
"The Miraculous Communion of Saint Catherine of Siena (Getty Museum)". Getty.edu. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
"Saint Catherine of Siena Receiving the Stigmata (Getty Museum)". Getty.edu. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
[1][dead link]
[2][dead link]
"Marcia". Insecula.com. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
[3][dead link]
"Image" (JPG). Kfki.hu. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
"Image" (JPG). Kfki.hu. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
[4][dead link]
"spurius cassius vecellinus". Flickr. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
"Domenico Beccafumi". Epdlp.com. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
"god". Flickr. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
"Uffizi Gallery Museum in Florence. Uffizi Tickets Reservation - The Uffizi Gallery". Arca.net. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
[5][dead link]
[6][dead link]
"La Prdication de saint Bernardin de Sienne". Insecula.com. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
"Saint Antoine et le miracle de la mule". Insecula.com. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
"Saint Franois recevant les stigmates". Insecula.com. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
[7][dead link]
"Sito Prenotazioni Galleria Barberini - Domenico Beccafumi - Madonna col Bambino e San Giovannino". Galleriaborghese.it. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
[8][dead link]
"Domenico Mecarino (Beccafumi) : Jésus-Christ : Saint Jean-Baptiste : Sainte Vierge : Saint Joseph : Image". Insecula.com. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
"Domenico Beccafumi - Angelo Portacero (Duomo di Siena, 1550)". Scultura-italiana.com. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
[9][dead link]
[10][dead link]

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