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Daniël de Blieck (Middelburg, c. 1610 - Middelburg, 1673), was a Dutch Golden Age painter, draughtsman and architect, who specialised in architectural paintings.

Life

Little is known about his life and training. It is presumed that he was a pupil of architectural painter Dirck van Delen.[1] He became a member of the Middelburg Guild of Saint Luke c. 1648 and was deacon of the Guild in 1664–1665 and 1668.[2] He resided in England from 1658 to 1661.[3]

When the States of Zeeland – the governing body of Zeeland – decided to mint coins mechanically, de Blieck was commissioned to produce drawings on the production of the necessary equipment. He was well aware of the latest technical advances as he knew the equipment in Paris and had made drawings of the minting equipment in Dortrecht. The building of the minting machines was not without problems, and de Blieck made a number of trips to Antwerp, Rotterdam and The Hague as supervisor for repairs and parts.[4]

Adriaen van de Graeff was his pupil in 1665.[2]


Work
View of a palace, 1655

He principally painted architectural studies, but is also known for some portraits. His imaginary architectural paintings of church interiors were in the style of the Flemish painter Hendrick Aerts, but under the influence of architectural painters of the Delft school such as Hendrick Cornelisz. van Vliet, he developed a more realistic style around 1650.[5] His painting of the Rotterdam St. Lawrence Church of the early 1650s demonstrates this interest in realism.[6] However, he did not abandon the style of imaginary architecture paintings[5] and it has been claimed that he never found his own style.[7]

Between 1655 and 1657 he kept a sketch book in which he drew 82 architectural drawings, and these are more realistic in style.[7]

De Blieck was also an architect but little is known about his work in this field. He designed a new warehouse for the Dutch East India Company[8]


References

Bernard Vermet. "Delen, Dirck van." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 1 Feb. 2014.
Biographical details at the Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek (Dutch)
Daniël de Blieck at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (Dutch)
De Muntpers van Daniël de Blieck (Dutch)
Walter A. Liedtke, 'Architectural painting in Delft: Gerard Houckgeest, Hendrick van Vliet, Emanuel de Witte', Davaco, 1982, p. 24
Walter A. Liedtke, 'Vermeer and the Delft School', Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1 Jan, 2001
Renate Trnek, 'Die holländischen Gemälde des 17. Jahrhunderts: in der Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Wien', Böhlau Verlag Wien, 1992 (German)
J. R. J. van Asperen de Boer, Liesbeth M. Helmus, 'The paintings of Pieter Jansz. Saenredam (1597–1665): conservation and technique, Centraal Museum (Utrecht, Netherlands), 2000

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