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Chris Jorgensen (October 7, 1860- June 24, 1935) was a Norwegian-born American landscape painter. Jorgensen is best known for his paintings of Yosemite Valley and the California Missions.

Early life and influences

Chris Jorgensen was born in Oslo Norway in 1860, to parents Ole and Sophie Jorgensen. Ole Jorgensen died of tuberculosis in 1864, leaving his wife to care for Chris and his four older siblings.[1]:3 In 1870 Sophie immigrated to the United States to reunite with her brother in San Francisco, California.

Jorgensen met his future mentor Virgil Williams shortly before the San Francisco School of Design opened in February 1874. Williams, the director of this academy, spotted the young fourteen-year-old Jorgensen sketching near his residence in the city and invited him to be the first free student.[2]:5 Williams' influence over Jorgensen’s budding artistic style was great. As Williams had been exposed to French and Italian methods of painting in his travels abroad, he emphasized the importance of regular exhibition to the young Jorgensen. Jorgensen’s lifelong tendency towards classical compositions arose from Williams’ mentorship.

Another influential mentor of Jorgensen’s was Thomas Hill, a highly successful California artist during the late 19th century. From Hill, Jorgensen developed a more impressionistic technique and learned to intensify the colors in his works by coating them in a heavy glaze.[2]:5

Jorgensen Studio Placque

Chris Jorgenson Studio, Pioneer Yosemite Historic Center Yosemite National Park

At the end of his course at the School of Design in 1881, Williams appointed Jorgensen an instructor and the Assistant Director of the School.[1]:3 It was in this period that Jorgensen had the good fortune to fall in love with and marry one of his art students in 1888, Angela Ghirardelli, heiress to the Ghirardelli fortune.

Yosemite period

JorgensenIndianHeadYOSE24912
Indian Head, Watercolor, 1900

Influenced by the travels of Thomas Hill, Virgil Williams and Albert Bierstadt, Jorgensen decided to visit the famed Yosemite Valley in 1898.[1]:4 Two years later, the artist submitted an application to the Yosemite Commission for permission to construct a studio in the valley itself on July 12, 1900.[2]:38 The commission granted their permission for an initial four-year lease which was repeatedly extended. Not only did the commission wish to promote Yosemite’s beauty by having a popular artist in residence, but they also had the intention of eventually taking over use of the structure when Jorgensen’s lease expired.[3] Jorgensen constructed his home for a total of $5,000[4] and lived there during the summers and some winters from 1900 to 1917. At the time of the artist’s occupation, the house’s living room was described by the San Francisco Chronicle (February 17, 1901) as one of the “most unique and artistic studios on the coast” containing all manner of objects from skins and baskets to beer steins and water buffalo horns.[4]

Jorgensen and his wife Angela donated many Native American baskets to the Yosemite Museum between 1922 and 1929 and many of Jorgensen’s works came to the Museum as a bequest from Angelina Jorgensen after her death.[2]:6

Jorgensen Studio

Chris Jorgenson Studio, Pioneer Yosemite Historic Center Yosemite National Park


Later life and death

In 1903 the Jorgensens bought a house in Carmel which they used as a winter studio. This house still exists today as the Hotel La Playa in Carmel. His Yosemite studio became the first museum in Yosemite Valley in 1922 although it was later dismantled.[1]:7

In 1917 when the Jorgensens left Yosemite, they decided to live permanently in Piedmont, California, in order to remain closer to the Ghirardelli family.[5] Chris Jorgensen died in 1935 from a heart attack. His wife lived only several months after him.


Works

Jorgensen was an unusual artist in the sense that he often chose to paint in watercolor, a medium that was still viewed as inferior to oil painting at this time. However, Jorgensen was more successful in the medium of watercolor than in oil. His style of careful delineation in the foreground and distinct foggy washes in the horizon appears charming in a transparent medium but more primitive in heavier oils. Watercolor also lent itself well to his habit of painting en plein air. During his career as an artist, Jorgensen was successfully received and made a tidy profit selling his paintings both in Yosemite and San Francisco.

Early Works

Tug Favorite, pencil and chalk on paper, 1880
House and Tree, watercolor on paper,1883

Selected Oil Paintings

Vernal and Nevada Falls, 1903
Lena Brown and Child, 1905
Yosemite, 1906
Trail in High Sierra, 1909
Mariposa Grove, Two Sequoias, 1910

Selected Watercolor Paintings

Wawona
Minarets in Yosemite
Mariposa Grove
Happy Isles
Mariposa Grove. Base of Sequoia gigantea
Yosemite Falls and Overhanging Rock
Half Dome from the North

References

Chris Jorgensen, Yosemite Artist. San Francisco: The Yosemite Fund, 2004.
Littell, Katherine. Chris Jorgensen: Californian Pioneer Artist. Sonora: Fine Arts Research Publishing Co, 1988.
"An Artist and His Chocolate". Yosemite Ranger Notes. September 2, 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
Littell, Katherine. Chris Jorgensen: Californian Pioneer Artist. Masters Thesis, Stanislaus, California State University, 1992.

http://www.thefreelibrary.com/The+Ghirardelli+story.-a0104669393
External links

Yosemite Museums, Historic Buildings, and Cemeteries
Mission Watercolors at the Sonoma Mission

Artist, USA

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