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Marcel-André Baschet


Paintings

Oedipus Damning His Son Polynices

Marcel-André Baschet (5 August 1862 – 28 December 1941) was a French portrait painter, notable for his numerous portraits of the Presidents of the French Third Republic. He was born in Gagny (Seine-et-Oise), the second son of the art editor Ludovic Baschet, editor of Panorama and the Revue illustrée. His brother René was the art critic for Salonsavant, and was editor of the magazine L'Illustration from 1904 to the first half of the 20th century. At 17, Marcel entered the Académie Julian[1] in the studio of Jules Lefebvre. A student at the École des beaux-arts de Paris in the studio of Gustave Boulanger, in 1883 he won the Grand Prix de Rome for painting for Oedipus curses his son Polynices, and became a pensionist at the Villa Médicis in Rome from 1883 to 1887.

On 3 January 1888, he married Jeanne Guillemeteau, and they had two children, one son and one daughter. He became a teacher at the Académie Julian in 1889. From 1900, he spent a number of years as a teacher to Princess Mathilde. From 1907 to 1941, he had a shop at 21 quai Voltaire in Paris, where a commemorative plaque was placed after his death. He won the médaille d'honneur in 1908 for his portrait of Henri Rochefort, and his portrait of Claude Debussy was exhibited around the world. He was awarded the Knight of the Légion d'honneur in 1898, and then in 1913, he was elected a member of the Académie des beaux-arts.

His works are held in a number of private collections and museums, including the musée d'Orsay and château de Versailles. His younger brother Jacques (1872–1952) was a historian, art critic, artistic director, and editor of the magazine L'Illustration, and director of a national company.
Works

(incomplete list)
Paintings

Claude Debussy, 1884, HSB : 24,5 X 21,5, musée d'Orsay
M. Vendryès, 1892
Ambroise Thomas, portrait presented at the exhibition of the Salon des artistes français in 1895, published in L'Artiste, November 1896
Henri Brisson, 1896
Mrs Gabriel Pierné, wife of the composer, 1897, presented in competition at the Salon des artistes français in 1898
Charles Pardinel, 1898
Portrait of family, 1899, HST presented in competition at the Salon des artistes français
Comtesse de Bourbon-Ligniéres, 1900
Mrs Delacroix, 1900
René Baschet, 1901
Armande Fajard, 1901
Pierre Baschet, 1901
Jérôme Doucet
Mrs René Baschet, 1905
Jules Lefebvre, 1905
Roger Baschet, 1907
Ludovic Baschet, 1907
Henri Lavedan, 1907
Mrs Georges Leygues, 1907
Henri Rochefort, 1908
Louise Weiss, 1909
Jean Richepin, 1910
Count of Gramont, 1910
Countess Pillet-Will, 1910
Count of Bourbon-Lignières, 1910
Miss Cocteau, 1910
Seydoux boys, 1910
Marquis de Dion, 1911
Raymond Poincaré, 1913
Suzanne Fajard, 1915
Mrs Lyautey, 1915
Aristide Briand, 1917
Général Gouraud, 1919
Maréchal Foch, 1919, pastel on paper, 57 X 42, musée de l'Armée
Duke of Mortemart, 1919
Miss Michelin, 1920
Alexandre Millerand, 1922
Gaston Doumergue, 1926, HST 122 X 95, musée du Château de Versailles
Philippe Pétain, 1926
The Maharajah of Kapurthala, 1927
Maréchal Fayolle, 1927
Duchess of Brissac, 1927
Mr and Mrs Schlumberger, 1928
Marquis of Juigné, 1929
Marquis of Vogüé, 1929
Baron von Zuylen, 1929
Duke of Broglie, 1930
Général Weygand, 1930
Maurice de Broglie, 1932
Paul Doumer, 1932, HST 137 X 101, musée du Château de Versailles
Albert Lebrun, 1934, HST 129 X 104, musée du Château de Versailles
Fadri Aga Khan, 1934
Mrs Roger Couvelaire, 1930
Baron of Turckeim, 1938
Édouard Branly, 1939

Engravings, lithographs

Le Salon de Peinture, portrait of Melle Louise Lyman

Illustrations

Drogues et Peinture 24 illustrations by the artist, édition Laboratoire pharmaceutique Chantereau à Paris, Album d'Art Contemporain, n° 54, s. d., v. 1937

Exhibitions

1908 - Salon des Artistes Français : Médaille d'Honneur

Prizes, awards

1883 - First Grand Prix de Rome for painting
1908 - Médaille d'Honneur of the Salon des Artistes Français
1913 - Member of the Académie des beaux-arts
Society of Artistes français

Museums, monuments

Musée de l'Armée
Musée du château de Versailles
Musée d'Orsay

Students

(incomplete list)

John William Ashton (1881–1963),
Pierre Gourdault (1880-1915),
Léonie Humbert-Vignot (1878-1960) at the Académie Julian
Marthe Orant (1874-1951),
Charles Picart le Doux (1881-1959)
Paulo do Valle Júnior (1886-1958).

Bibliography

François Antoine Vizzavona, Portrait de l'Artiste en Académicien
Jacques Baschet, Marcel Baschet, sa vie, son œuvre, Imp Sadag, L'Illustration, 1942
Joseph Uzanne, Figures contemporaines tirées de l'album Mariani, Librairie Henri Floury Paris, vol. VI, 1901

Notes and references

Charles Saunier, "La peinture au XXe siècle", Larousse, Coll. Anthologie d'art français, pp.II, 3.

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