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Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Paintings

The Experts Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

The Experts

Battle Between a Greek and a Turk Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Battle Between a Greek and a Turk

Oxen before a Farmhouse at Le Verrier Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Oxen before a Farmhouse at Le Verrier

Landscape Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Landscape

Landscape at sunset Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Landscape at sunset

The Good Samaritan Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

The Good Samaritan

Still Life with Pipe and Matches Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Still Life with Pipe and Matches

Still Life with Herring, Bread, and Cheese Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Still Life with Herring, Bread, and Cheese

A Desert Passage Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

A Desert Passage

Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Farm in Fontainebleau

Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Hounds

Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Scissors sharpener

The Slave Market Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

The Slave Market

Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Albanian Dancers

Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

Self-Portrait

Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

The Night Patrol at Smyrna

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The Experts Print by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps

The Experts

Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps (March 3, 1803 – August 22, 1860) was a French painter.

Life

Decamps was born in Paris. In his youth he travelled in the East, and reproduced Oriental life and scenery with a bold fidelity to nature that puzzled conventional critics. His powers, however, soon came to be recognized, and he was ranked along with Delacroix and Ingres as one of the leaders of the French school. At the Paris Exhibition of 1855 he received the grand or council medal. Most of his life was passed in the neighborhood of Paris. He was fond of animals, especially dogs, and indulged in all kinds of field sports.

Decamps' style was characteristically and intensely French. It was marked by vivid dramatic conception, bold and even rough brushstrokes, and startling contrasts of color and of light and shade. His subjects embraced an unusually wide range. He availed himself of his travels in the East in dealing with scenes from Scripture history, which he was probably the first of European painters to represent with their true and natural local background. Of this class were his Joseph sold by his Brethren, Moses taken from the Nile, and his scenes from the life of Samson, nine vigorous sketches in charcoal and white.


A version of The Turkish Patrol (1831)

Perhaps the most impressive of his historical pictures is Defeat of the Cimbri, representing the conflict between a horde of barbarians and a disciplined army. Decamps produced a number of genre pictures, chiefly scenes from French and Turkish domestic life, the most marked feature of which is humour. The same characteristic attaches to many of his numerous animal paintings; Decamps was especially fond of painting monkeys. His well-known painting The Monkey Connoisseurs satirizes the jury of the French Academy of Painting, which had rejected several of his earlier works on account of their divergence from any known standard.

He died in 1860 in consequence of being thrown from a horse while hunting at Fontainebleau.

His paintings and drawings were first made familiar to the English public through the lithographs of Eugene le Rouit.

References

Adolphe Moreau, Decamps et son oeuvre (Paris, 1869)

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

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