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Alexandre Cabanel (French: [kabanɛl]; 28 September 1823 – 23 January 1889) was a French painter born in Montpellier, Hérault. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter. According to Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, Cabanel is the best representative of the L'art pompier and Napoleon III's preferred painter.
He entered the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris at the age of seventeen. Cabanel studied with François-Édouard Picot. He exhibited at the Paris Salon for the first time in 1844, and won the Prix de Rome scholarship in 1845 at the age of twenty two. Cabanel was elected a member of the Institute in 1863. He was appointed professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1864 and taught there until his death.
Cabanel won the Grande Médaille d'Honneur at the Salons of 1865, 1867, and 1878.
He was closely connected to the Paris Salon: "He was elected regularly to the Salon jury and his pupils could be counted by the hundred at the Salons. Through them, Cabanel did more than any other artist of his generation to form the character of belle époque French painting". His refusal together with William-Adolphe Bouguereau to allow the impressionist painter Édouard Manet and many other painters to exhibit their work in the Salon of 1863 led to the establishment of the Salon des Refusés by the French government.
A successful academic painter, his 1863 painting The Birth of Venus is one of the best known examples of 19th-century academic painting. The picture was bought by the emperor Napoleon III; there is also a smaller replica (painted in 1875 for a banker, John Wolf) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. It was given to them by Wolf in 1893.
His pupils included:
George Randolph Barse
Pierre Auguste Cot
Charles Lucien Léandre
Henri Le Sidaner
João Marques de Oliveira
Georges Moreau de Tours
Henri Georges Caïus Morisset
António Silva Porto
Solomon Joseph Solomon
Jean Guillaume Rosier
José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior
Alexandre Cabanel - Death of Moses
The Death of Moses (1851), Dahesh Museum, New York City. New York, USA
Nymph and Satyr (Nymphe et Satyr, 1860), Private collection
The Birth of Venus (1863), Musée d'Orsay, Paris
The Death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta (1870), Musée d'Orsay, Paris
La Comtesse de Keller (1873), Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Phèdre (1880), Musée Fabre, Montpellier
Ophelia (1883), Private collection
Ruth glanant dans les champs de Booz, (1886), Musée Garinet, Châlons-en-Champagne
Lady Curzon (1887), Kedleston Hall, England,
Preparatory study of Cleopatra for Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Béziers
Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners (1887), Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp
Eve After the Fall, Private Collection
The Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Paradise, Private Collection
Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, 1982, Barcelona
Facos, Michelle (2011). An Introduction to Nineteenth Century Art. New York: Routledge. p. 282.
van Hook, Bailey (1996). Angels of Art: Women and Art in American Society, 1876-1914. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 28.
Dictionary of Art (1996) vol. 5, pp. 341–344
Mary Leiter (1887), Derbyshire, England, Kedleston Hall; National Trust for Places of Historic Interest, U. K."?".
Alexandre Cabanel at Artcyclopedia
Paintings of Alexandre Cabanel on Insecula
Alexandre Cabanel at the Art Renewal Center
Alexandre Cabanel at The Art in Pixels
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