-+- ART -+-

- Art Gallery -

-+- ART -+-

Buy Fine Art

Albrecht Altdorfer

Paintings

Albrecht Altdorfer

Holy Night

Albrecht Altdorfer

Lot and his Daughter

Albrecht Altdorfer

The Entombment of Christ

Albrecht Altdorfer

Salome with the Head of John the Baptist

Albrecht Altdorfer

Christ taking Leave of his Mother

Albrecht Altdorfer

Landscape with a Footbridge

Albrecht Altdorfer

Battle of Issus

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Jerome

Albrecht Altdorfer

The pride of the beggar sitting on the train

Albrecht Altdorfer

The Adoration of the Magi

Albrecht Altdorfer

Danube landscape near Regensburg with the Scheuchen mountain

Albrecht Altdorfer

Martyrdom of Saint Catherine of Alexandria

Albrecht Altdorfer

Florian Series : capture of St. Florian

Albrecht Altdorfer

Florian Series : capture of St. Florian , detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Nativity

Albrecht Altdorfer

Birth of Mary

Albrecht Altdorfer

Holy Family and an Angel

Albrecht Altdorfer

Holy Night ( Nativity)

Albrecht Altdorfer

Calvary

Albrecht Altdorfer

The Crucifixion

Albrecht Altdorfer

Crucifixion: Crucifixion

Albrecht Altdorfer

Landscape with a bridge

Albrecht Altdorfer

Landscape with family of Satyrs

Albrecht Altdorfer

Madonna ( Beautiful Maria of Regensburg )

Albrecht Altdorfer

Mary in Glory

Albrecht Altdorfer

Portrait of a woman

Albrecht Altdorfer

Rest on the Flight

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: sequence of scenes

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: Christ on the Mount of Olives

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: Arrest of Christ

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian altar : Hand washing of Pilate

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: sequence of scenes

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: Christ before Caiaphas , detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: Crucifixion , detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: Crucifixion , detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: Martyrdom of St. Sebastian

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: recovery of the body of the Saint

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: recovery of the body of the saint, detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Sebastian Altar: Christ's Resurrection

Albrecht Altdorfer

Susanna in the Bath

Albrecht Altdorfer

Susanna in the Bath, Detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Maximilian : Swiss War

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Maximilian, Detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Maximilian: »Kalikutischen leut«, Detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Maximilian : ancestors of the emperor , detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Maximilian : recapture of Milan

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Maximilian : Reichsbanner , detail

Albrecht Altdorfer

Forest Landscape with St. Georges Dragon fight

Drawings

Albrecht Altdorfer

"Wild People" - Family

Albrecht Altdorfer

Allegory: Pax and Minerva

Albrecht Altdorfer

Mountain Landscape with pastures

Albrecht Altdorfer

Lamentation of Christ

Albrecht Altdorfer

Christopher

Albrecht Altdorfer

Christopher, fallen in the water

Albrecht Altdorfer

Christ on the Mount of Olives

Albrecht Altdorfer

Christ in Limbo

Albrecht Altdorfer

The sacrifice of Abraham

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Andrew, enthroned

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. George killes the dragon

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Nicholas of Bari

Albrecht Altdorfer

The Mouth of Truth

Albrecht Altdorfer

The "Beautiful May" on the crescent moon

Albrecht Altdorfer

A woman is forced into idolatry

Albrecht Altdorfer

Beheading of St. Catherine

Albrecht Altdorfer

Falk Hunter horse and companion

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani": On the way home from the Holy Land Friedrich roamed the oriental bazaars

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani" The Emperor in the Gießhütte

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani" The child-Maximilian loved hunting more than the classroom

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani": The pedigree of the emperor

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani": The death of Emperor Frederick III. (1493) heralded by miracles

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani": The Emperor Freidrich's aversion against cruel punishments Love

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani": The Belagerug Emperor Frederick III. and his family in the Vienna Burgtheater (1462) by Frederick's brother Archduke Albrecht VI.

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani": Maximilian on deer and chamois

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani": Tournament in the courtyard. Maximilian lifts an opponent out of the saddle

Albrecht Altdorfer

Handwriting "Historia et Friderici Maximiliani": under the red-white-red flag of Austria Maximilian riding troops against the French cavalry hiss the Lily Banners

Albrecht Altdorfer

Holy Family in a landscape

Albrecht Altdorfer

Witches' Sabbath

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Jerome in the forest

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Margaret, standing on the Devil

Albrecht Altdorfer

Battle between knight and Landsknecht

Albrecht Altdorfer

Church Interior

Albrecht Altdorfer

Church Interior

Albrecht Altdorfer

Cog

Albrecht Altdorfer

Christ Carrying the Cross

Albrecht Altdorfer

Christ Carrying the Cross, Tondo

Albrecht Altdorfer

Landscape at sunset

Albrecht Altdorfer

Landscape with lovers

Albrecht Altdorfer

Landsknecht and prostitute

Albrecht Altdorfer

Lovers

Albrecht Altdorfer

Lovers at a cornfield

Albrecht Altdorfer

Reclining in a Landscape

Albrecht Altdorfer

Martyrdom of St. Sebastian

Albrecht Altdorfer

Public bathroom

Albrecht Altdorfer

Portrait of a young man with beret, fragment

Albrecht Altdorfer

Salome with the Head of John the Baptist

Albrecht Altdorfer

Samson Slaying the Lion

Albrecht Altdorfer

Samson and Delilah

Albrecht Altdorfer

Study sheet with heads and a castle

Albrecht Altdorfer

Susanna and the Elders

Albrecht Altdorfer

Death of Marcus Curtius leap

Albrecht Altdorfer

Dead Pyramus

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Emperor Maximilian I: standard-bearer of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia and Bosnia

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Emperor Maximilian I.: The victory over Liege

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Emperor Maximilian I.: The Hungarian War

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Emperor Maximilian I: Conquest of Lower Austria

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Emperor Maximilian I: The first Flemish conquest

Albrecht Altdorfer

Triumph of Emperor Maximilian I: Two men with rolls of tape

Albrecht Altdorfer

Raid in the forest

Albrecht Altdorfer

Venus punishes Amor

Albrecht Altdorfer

Drawing from an "apostle sequence": St. James the Greater

Albrecht Altdorfer

Drawing from an "apostle sequence": St. John

Albrecht Altdorfer

Drawing from an "apostle sequence": St. Thomas

Albrecht Altdorfer

Two mercenaries and Lovers


Illustrations

Albrecht Altdorfer

Abraham sacrifices Isaac

Albrecht Altdorfer

Altar of the beautiful Mary

Albrecht Altdorfer

Resurrection of Christ

Albrecht Altdorfer

Massacre of the Innocents

Albrecht Altdorfer

Lamentation of Christ

Albrecht Altdorfer

Penitent St. Jerome in an ornament frame

Albrecht Altdorfer

Christ on the Cross

Albrecht Altdorfer

The "Beautiful Mary" from Regensburg

Albrecht Altdorfer

The "Beautiful Mary" from Regensburg

Albrecht Altdorfer
The Holy Family at the fountain

Albrecht Altdorfer

The Holy Kinship

Albrecht Altdorfer

The scout with the grape

Albrecht Altdorfer

The Rest on the Flight

Albrecht Altdorfer

Beheading of John the Baptist

Albrecht Altdorfer

Beheading of John the Baptist

Albrecht Altdorfer

Design of a portal

Albrecht Altdorfer

Standard-bearer

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Christopher

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Christopher on the banks sitting

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. George slaying the dragon

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Jerome at the wall

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Jerome in the Cave

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Jerome Reading

Albrecht Altdorfer

St. Sebastian

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 1-4, fall, expulsion, Joachim's sacrifice, Annunciation to Joachim

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 5-8, Joachim hugged Anna, The Temple passage of Mary, Annunciation, Visitation

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 9-12, Nativity, Adoration of the Three Holy Kings, circumcision, Presentation of Christ

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 13-16, Flight into Egypt, Jesus in the temple, transfiguration of Christ, Christ's farewell

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 17-20, Entry of Christ, the Lord's Supper, prayer on the Mount of Olives, capture

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 21-24, Christ before Caiaphas, Christ before Pilate, scourging, crowning with thorns

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 25-28, Christ will be shown to the people, Pilate hand wash, Cross, The Crucifixion

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 29-32, erection of the cross, Christ on the Cross, the Cross, Lamentation of Christ

Albrecht Altdorfer

Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 33-36, burial, descent into hell, resurrection of Christ, Christ appearing to St. Magdalena

Albrecht Altdorfer

Crowned Illustrations for a devotional book, sheet, 36-40, Ascension of Christ, death Mary, the Last Judgement, Our Lady of Angels

Albrecht Altdorfer

Jael and Sisera

Albrecht Altdorfer

Small Fir

Albrecht Altdorfer

Landscape with a large castle

Albrecht Altdorfer

Lovers

Albrecht Altdorfer

Mary worshiped by a donor

Albrecht Altdorfer

Virgin apparition before John

Albrecht Altdorfer
Pyramus and Thisbe

Albrecht Altdorfer

Joshua and Caleb return

Albrecht Altdorfer

Satyr and Nymph

Albrecht Altdorfer

Beautiful Mary in the Church

Albrecht Altdorfer

Standing Landsknecht

Albrecht Altdorfer

Judgment of Paris

Albrecht Altdorfer

Judgment of Paris

Albrecht Altdorfer

Annunciation

Albrecht Altdorfer

Vestibule of the synagogue of Regensburg

See also

Altdorfer, Albrecht (Copyist)

Altdorfer, Albrecht (Follower)

Altdorfer, Albrecht (Circle)

Fine Art Prints | Greeting Cards | iPhone Cases | Tote Bags | Clothing | Lifestyle | Beach ...

Featured Art - Christ taking Leave of his Mother by Albrecht Altdorfer

Christ taking Leave...

Albrecht Altdorfer (c. 1480 – February 12, 1538) was a German painter, engraver and architect of the Renaissance working in Regensburg. Along with Lucas Cranach the Elder and Wolf Huber he is regarded to be the main representative of the so-called Danube School setting biblical and historical subjects against landscape backgrounds of expressive colours. As an artist also making small intricate engravings he is seen to belong to the Nuremberg Little Masters.

Biography

Altdorfer was born in Regensburg or Altdorf around 1480.

He acquired an interest in art from his father, Ulrich Altdorfer, who was a painter and miniaturist. At the start of his career, he won public attention by creating small, intimate modestly scaled works in unconventional media and with eccentric subject matter. He settled in the free imperial city of Regensburg, a town located on the Danube River in 1505, eventually becoming the town architect and a town councillor. His first signed works date to c. 1506, including engravings and drawings such the Stygmata of St. Francis and St. Jerome. His models were niellos and copper engravings from the workshops of Jacopo de Barbari and Albrecht Dürer.

Around 1511 or earlier, he travelled down the river and south into the Alps, where the scenery moved him so deeply that he became the first landscape painter in the modern sense,[1] making him the leader of the Danube School, a circle that pioneered landscape as an independent genre, in southern Germany. From 1513 he was at the service of Maximilian I in Innsbruck, where he received several commissions from the imperial court. During the turmoil of the Protestant Reformation, he dedicated mostly to architecture; paintings of the period, showing his increasing attention to architecture, include the Nativity of the Virgin.

In 1529 he executed The Battle of Alexander at Issus for Duke William IV of Bavaria. In the 1520s he returned to Regensburg as a wealthy man, and became a member of the city's council. He was also responsible for the fortifications of Regensburg.

In that period his works are influenced by artists such as Giorgione and Lucas Cranach, as shown by his Crucifixion. In 1535 he was in Vienna. He died at Regensburg in 1538.

The remains of Altdorfer's surviving work comprises 55 panels, 120 drawings, 125 woodcuts, 78 engravings, 36 etchings, 24 paintings on parchment, and fragments from a mural for the bathhouse of the Kaiserhof in Regensburg. This production extends at least over the period 1504–1537. He signed and dated each one of his works.
Painting
Christ taking Leave of his Mother
Albrecht Altdorfer: Sebastian Altar in St. Florian's Priory, Upper Austria

Altdorfer was the pioneer painter of pure landscape, making them the subject of the painting, as well as compositions dominated by their landscape. He believed that the human figure shouldn't disrupt nature, but rather participate in it or imitate its natural processes. Taking and developing the landscape style of Lucas Cranach the Elder, he shows the hilly landscape of the Danube valley with thick forests of drooping and crumbling firs and larches hung with moss, and often dramatic colouring from a rising or setting sun. His Landscape with Footbridge (National Gallery, London) of 1518–1520 is claimed to be the first pure landscape in oil. In this painting, Altdorfer places a large tree that is cut off by the margins at the center of the landscape, making it the central axis and focus within the piece. He uses anthropomorphism to give the tree human qualities such as the drapery of its limbs. He also made many fine finished drawings, mostly landscapes, in pen and watercolour such as the Landscape with the Woodcutter in 1522. The drawing opens at ground level on a clearing surrounding an enormous tree that is placed in the center, dominating the picture. It poses and gesticulates as if it was human, splaying its branches out in every corner. Halfway up the tree trunk, hangs a gabled shrine. At the time, a shrine like this might shelter an image of the Crucifixion or the Virgin Mary, but since it is turned away from the viewer, we are not sure what it truly is. At the bottom of the tree, a tiny figure of a seated man, crossed legged, holds a knife and axe, declaring his status in society/occupation.[2]

Also, he often painted scenes of historical and biblical subjects, set in atmospheric landscapes. His best religious scenes are intense, with their glistening lights and glowing colours sometimes verging on the expressionistic. They often depict moments of intimacy between Christ and his mother, or various saints. His sacral masterpiece and one of the most famous religious works of art of the later Middle Ages is The Legend of St. Sebastian and The Passion of Christ of the so-called Sebastian Altar in St. Florian's Priory (Stift Sankt Florian) near Linz, Upper Austria. When closed the altarpiece displayed the four panels of the legend of St. Sebastian’s Martyrdom, while the opened wings displayed the Stations of the Cross. Today the altarpiece is dismantled and the predellas depicting the two final scenes, Entombment and Resurrection were sold to Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna in 1923 and 1930. Both these paintings share a similar formal structure that consists of an open landscape that is seen beyond and through the opening of a dark grotto. The date of completion on the resurrection panel is 1518.

Altdorfer often distorts perspective to subtle effect. His donor figures are often painted completely out of scale with the main scene, as in paintings of the previous centuries. He also painted some portraits; overall his painted oeuvre was not large. In his later works, Altdorfer moved more towards mannerism and began to depict the human form to the conformity of the Italian model, as well as dominate the picture with frank colors.

Paintings in Munich

His rather atypical Battle of Issus (or of Alexander) of 1529 was commissioned by William IV, Duke of Bavaria as part of a series of eight historical battle scenes destined to hang in the Residenz in Munich. Albrecht Altdorfer's depiction of the moment in 333 BC when Alexander the Great routed Darius III for supremacy in Asia Minor is vast in ambition, sweeping in scope, vivid in imagery, rich in symbols, and obviously heroic—the Iliad of painting, as literary critic Friedrich Schlegel suggested[3] In the painting, a swarming cast of thousands of soldiers surround the central action: Alexander on his white steed, leading two rows of charging cavalrymen, dashes after a fleeing Darius, who looks anxiously over his shoulder from a chariot. The opposing armies are distinguished by the colors of their uniforms: Darius' army in red and Alexander's in blue. The upper half of The Battle of Alexander expands with unreal rapidity into an arcing panorama comprehending vast coiling tracts of globe and sky. The victory also lies on the planar surface; The sun outshone the moon just as the Imperial and allied army successfully repel the Turks.[3] By making the mass number of soldiers blend within the landscape/painting, it shows that he believed that the usage and depiction of landscape was just as significant as a historical event, such as a war. He renounced the office of Mayor of Regensburg to accept the commission. Few of his other paintings resemble this apocalyptic scene of two huge armies dominated by an extravagant landscape seen from a very high viewpoint, which looks south over the whole Mediterranean from modern Turkey to include the island of Cyprus and the mouths of the Nile and the Red Sea (behind the isthmus to the left) on the other side. However his style here is a development of that of a number of miniatures of battle-scenes he had done much earlier for Maximilian I in his illuminated manuscript Triumphal Procession in 1512-14. It is thought to be the earliest painting to show the curvature of the Earth from a great height.

The Battle is now in the Alte Pinakothek, which has the best collection of Altdorfer's paintings, including also his small St. George and the Dragon (1510), in oil on parchment, where the two figures are tiny and almost submerged in the lush, dense forest that towers over them. Altdorfer seems to exaggerate the measurements of the forest in comparison to the figures: the leaves appear to be larger than the horse, showing the significance of nature and landscape. He also emphasizes line within the work, by displaying the upward growth of the forest with the vertical and diagonal lines of the trunks. There is a small opening of the forest on the lower right hand corner that provides a rest for your eyes. It serves to create depth within the painting and is the only place you can see the characters. The human form is completely absorbed by the thickness of the forest. Fantastic light effects provide a sense of mystery and dissolve the outline of objects. Without the contrast of light, the figures would blend in with its surrounding environment. Altdorfer's figures are invariably the complement of his romantic landscapes; for them he borrowed Albrecht Dürer's inventive iconography, but the panoramic setting is personal and has nothing to do with the fantasy landscapes of the Netherlands[4] A Susanna in the Bath and the Stoning of the Elders (1526) set outside an Italianate skyscraper of a palace shows his interest in architecture. Another small oil on parchment, Danube Landscape with Castle Wörth (c. 1520) is one of the earliest accurate topographical paintings of a particular building in its setting, of a type that was to become a cliché in later centuries.


Printmaking
Altdorfer's etching Landscape with a city by the lake (1520s), National Museum in Warsaw.

Altdorfer was a significant printmaker, with numerous engravings and about ninety-three woodcuts. These included some for the Triumphs of Maximilian, where he followed the overall style presumably set by Hans Burgkmair, although he was able to escape somewhat from this in his depictions of the more disorderly baggage-train, still coming through a mountain landscape. However most of his best prints are etchings, many of landscapes; in these he was able most easily to use his drawing style.[5] He was one of the most successful early etchers, and was unusual for his generation of German printmakers in doing no book illustrations. He often combined etching and engraving techniques in a single plate, and produced about 122 intaglio prints altogether. Many of Altdorfer's prints are quite small in size, and he is considered to be of the main members of the group of artists known as the Little Masters.[6] Arthur Mayger Hind considers his graphical work to be somewhat lacking in technical skill but with an "intimate personal touch", and notes his characteristic feeling for landscape.[7]


Public life

As the superintendent of the municipal buildings Altdorfer had overseen the construction of several commercial structures, such as a slaughterhouse and a building for wine storage, possibly even designing them. He was considered to be an outstanding politician of his day. In 1517 he was a member of the "Ausseren Rates", the council on external affairs, and in this capacity was involved in the expulsion of the Jews, the destruction of the synagogue and in its place the construction of a church and shrine to the Schöne Maria that occurred in 1519. Altdorfer made etchings of the interior of the synagogue and designed a woodcut of the cult image of the Schöne Maria.[8] In 1529–1530 he was also charged with reinforcing certain city fortifications in response to the Turkish threat.

Albrecht's brother, Erhard Altdorfer, was also a painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving, and a pupil of Lucas Cranach the Elder.
A Crucifixion (unusually set on the banks of a large river) by Altdorfer, c. 1512.
See also

Danube school
Early Renaissance painting

References

Murray, Linda (1967). The High Renaissance and Mannerism. London, England: Thames & Hudson Ltd. pp. 246–247. ISBN 0-500-20162-5.
Wood, Christopher W. Albrecht Altdorfer and the Origins of Landscape. The University of Chicago Press.
Dobrzynski, Judith H. (January 8, 2010). "An Epic Poem in Paint: The story of 'The Battle of Issus' and Albrecht Altdorfer". The Wall Street Journal.
Murray, Linda (1967). The High Renaissance and Mannerism. London, England: Thames & Hudson, Ltd. ISBN 0-500-20162-5.
"Albrecht Altdorfer: Landscape with a Double Spruce in the Foreground (1993.1097) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art". Metmuseum.org. 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
Campbell, Gordon (ed.) (2009). The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art 1. Oxford University Press. pp. 33–39. ISBN 9780195334661.
Hind, Arthur M. A History of Engraving & Etching From the 15th Century to the Year 1914. Dover Publications. p. 82. ISBN 9780486209548. Retrieved 5 July 2014.

Pioch, Nicolas. "Altdorfer, Albrecht".

Further reading

Alte Pinakotek, Munich; (Summary Catalogue -various authors),1986, Edition Lipp,ISBN 3-87490-701-5
CS Wood, Albrecht Altdorfer and the Origins of Landscape, 1993, Reaktion Books, London, ISBN 0-948462-46-9
Christoph Wagner, Oliver Jehle (ed.), Albrecht Altdorfer. Kunst als zweite Natur, 2012, Schnell & Steiner Verlag, Regensburg (= Regensburger Studien zur Kunstgeschichte, Band 17), ISBN 978-3-7954-2619-4
Jochen Sander, Stefan Roller, Sabine Haag, Guido Messling (ed): Fantastische Welten. Albrecht Altdorfer und das Expressive in der Kunst um 1500. Hirmer, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-7774-2266-4.( exhibition catalogue Städel Museum, Frankfort, November 5, 2014 - February 2015 and Kusthistorisches Museum, Vienna, March 17 - June 14, 2015)

----

Fine Art Prints | Greeting Cards | Phone Cases | Lifestyle | Face Masks | Men's , Women' Apparel | Home Decor | jigsaw puzzles | Notebooks | Tapestries | ...

----

Artist, Germany

Artist

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M -
N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Paintings, List

Zeichnungen, Gemälde

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

World

Index

Hellenica World - Scientific Library