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Albert Bierstadt

Paintings

Giant Redwood Trees of California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Giant Redwood Trees of California

Puget Sound on the Pacific Coast Print by Albert Bierstadt

Puget Sound on the Pacific Coast

Sunrise on the Matterhorn Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sunrise on the Matterhorn

Rocky Mountain Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

Rocky Mountain Landscape

Mountain Peaks in the Clouds Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountain Peaks in the Clouds

Rocky Mountain Waterfall Print by Albert Bierstadt

Rocky Mountain Waterfall

View of Chimney Rock Ohalila .Sioux Village in the foreground Print by Albert Bierstadt

View of Chimney Rock Ohalila .Sioux Village in the foreground

Cloud Study. Moonlight Print by Albert Bierstadt

Cloud Study. Moonlight

Merced River. Yosemite Valley Print by Albert Bierstadt

Merced River. Yosemite Valley

Minnehaha Falls Print by Albert Bierstadt

Minnehaha Falls

Lake Lucerne Print by Albert Bierstadt

Lake Lucerne

 Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains California

Connecticut River Valley, Claremont, New Hampshire Print by Albert Bierstadt

Connecticut River Valley, Claremont, New Hampshire

A Storm in the Rocky Mountains Mt. Rosalie Print by Albert Bierstadt

A Storm in the Rocky Mountains Mt. Rosalie

Farallon Island Print by Albert Bierstadt

Farallon Island

Evening in the Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

Evening in the Mountains

 Indian Canoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

Indian Canoe

Light in the Forest Print by Albert Bierstadt

Light in the Forest

Rocky Mountain. Big Horn Sheep Print by Albert Bierstadt

Rocky Mountain. Big Horn Sheep

Yellowstone Falls Print by Albert Bierstadt

Yellowstone Falls

The Wild West Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Wild West

Valley of the Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

Valley of the Yosemite

Buffalo Trail. The Impending Storm Print by Albert Bierstadt

Buffalo Trail. The Impending Storm

Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

Butterfly

Matterhorn Print by Albert Bierstadt

Matterhorn

Island Lake Wind River Range Wyoming Print by Albert Bierstadt

Island Lake Wind River Range Wyoming

 Sioux Village near Fort Laramie Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sioux Village near Fort Laramie

Home of the Rainbow. Horseshoe Falls. Niagara Print by Albert Bierstadt

Home of the Rainbow. Horseshoe Falls. Niagara

California Spring Print by Albert Bierstadt

California Spring

Winter in Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

Winter in Yosemite

Sunset in the Yosemite Valley Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sunset in the Yosemite Valley

Estes Park Colorado Whytes Lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

Estes Park Colorado Whytes Lake

Indians Spear Fishing Print by Albert Bierstadt

Indians Spear Fishing

The Lookout Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Lookout

Sunrise on Mount Tacoma Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sunrise on Mount Tacoma

Untitled mountains and lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

Untitled mountains and lake

Jungfrau Print by Albert Bierstadt

Jungfrau

Canadian Rockies. Lake Louise Print by Albert Bierstadt

Canadian Rockies. Lake Louise

On the Hudson River Near Irvington Print by Albert Bierstadt

On the Hudson River Near Irvington

Seal Rock California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Seal Rock California

Glen Ellis Falls Print by Albert Bierstadt

Glen Ellis Falls

Street in Nassau Print by Albert Bierstadt

Street in Nassau

Indians crossing the Columbia River Print by Albert Bierstadt

Indians crossing the Columbia River

Rockland County. California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Rockland County. California

Landscape in the Bahamas Print by Albert Bierstadt

Landscape in the Bahamas

Pink Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

Pink Butterfly

Green Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

Green Butterfly

Yellow Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

Yellow Butterfly

California Spring Print by Albert Bierstadt

California Spring

Northwest Coast. Loring Bay. Alaska Print by Albert Bierstadt

Northwest Coast. Loring Bay. Alaska

Bow River Falls. Canadian Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

Bow River Falls. Canadian Rockies

Trapper and Indian Guide on Horseback Print by Albert Bierstadt

Trapper and Indian Guide on Horseback

Old Faithful Print by Albert Bierstadt

Old Faithful

The Waterfalls of San Antonio Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Waterfalls of San Antonio

San Rafael. California Print by Albert Bierstadt

San Rafael. California

Lake Scene Print by Albert Bierstadt

Lake Scene

Fishing Boats Print by Albert Bierstadt

Fishing Boats

Deer in Mountain Home Print by Albert Bierstadt

Deer in Mountain Home

Mount Corcoran Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mount Corcoran

Union Soldiers Fighting in the Field Print by Albert Bierstadt

Union Soldiers Fighting in the Field

Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

Lake Tahoe

Outlet at Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

Outlet at Lake Tahoe

A golden summer day near Oakland Print by Albert Bierstadt

A golden summer day near Oakland

Tropical Coast Print by Albert Bierstadt

Tropical Coast

 Bridal Veil Falls Yosemite Valley California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Bridal Veil Falls Yosemite Valley California

Wintertime Lake Tahoe in winter the Sierra Nevada California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Wintertime Lake Tahoe in winter the Sierra Nevada California

Sketch for The Last of the Buffalo Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sketch for The Last of the Buffalo

 The Last of the Buffalo Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Last of the Buffalo

The Merced River in Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Merced River in Yosemite

 Alcatraz San Francisco Bay Print by Albert Bierstadt

Alcatraz San Francisco Bay

Autumn Landscape New England Print by Albert Bierstadt

Autumn Landscape New England

Looking from the Shade on Clay Hill .Sunset Clay Street Hill San Francisco Print by Albert Bierstadt

Looking from the Shade on Clay Hill .Sunset Clay Street Hill San Francisco

Mariposa Indian Encampment Yosemite Valley California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mariposa Indian Encampment Yosemite Valley California

Surveyors Wagon in the Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

Surveyors Wagon in the Rockies

Sunlight and Shadow Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sunlight and Shadow

On the Sweetwater near the Devil's Gate Print by Albert Bierstadt

On the Sweetwater near the Devil's Gate

 On the Hudson Print by Albert Bierstadt

On the Hudson

Mountain House Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountain House

Snow in the Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

Snow in the Rockies

The Fallen Tree Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Fallen Tree

Cloud Study with two Figures Print by Albert Bierstadt

Cloud Study with two Figures

Valley of the Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

Valley of the Yosemite

 Wind River Country Print by Albert Bierstadt

Wind River Country

Deer Print by Albert Bierstadt

Deer

The Grizzly Giant Sequoia Mariposa Grove California Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Grizzly Giant Sequoia Mariposa Grove California

Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

Lake Tahoe

Indian Encampment Print by Albert Bierstadt

Indian Encampment

Sundown on the Lake.Thought to be Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sundown on the Lake.Thought to be Lake Tahoe

Summer Snow on the Peaks or Snow Capped Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

Summer Snow on the Peaks or Snow Capped Mountains

Boating through Yosemite Valley with Half Dome in the Distance Print by Albert Bierstadt

Boating through Yosemite Valley with Half Dome in the Distance

Estes Park Colorado Print by Albert Bierstadt

Estes Park Colorado

A Western Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

A Western Landscape

Roman Fish Market. Arch of Octavius Print by Albert Bierstadt

Roman Fish Market. Arch of Octavius

California Coast Print by Albert Bierstadt

California Coast

Icebergs Print by Albert Bierstadt

Icebergs

Indian Encampment - Evening Print by Albert Bierstadt

Indian Encampment - Evening

Fishing Boats at Capri Print by Albert Bierstadt

Fishing Boats at Capri

A Wild Stallion Print by Albert Bierstadt

A Wild Stallion

Entrance to the Golden Gate Print by Albert Bierstadt

Entrance to the Golden Gate

Buffalo Head Print by Albert Bierstadt

Buffalo Head

Two Horses Print by Albert Bierstadt

Two Horses

White Horse and Sunset Print by Albert Bierstadt

White Horse and Sunset

Cathedral Rock Print by Albert Bierstadt

Cathedral Rock

The Rocky Mountains Landers Peak Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Rocky Mountains Landers Peak

Mountain Goats Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountain Goats

Landscape with Cattle Print by Albert Bierstadt

Landscape with Cattle

 Indian Hunters in Canoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

Indian Hunters in Canoe

Bighorn Sheep Print by Albert Bierstadt

Bighorn Sheep

Mountain Lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountain Lake

Landscape with Sunset and Herder with Cattle Print by Albert Bierstadt

Landscape with Sunset and Herder with Cattle

Mountain Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountain Landscape

Western Lake Scene Print by Albert Bierstadt

Western Lake Scene

The coming storm Print by Albert Bierstadt

The coming storm

The Falls of Saint Anthony Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Falls of Saint Anthony

Beached Ship Print by Albert Bierstadt

Beached Ship

Rocky Mountain Goats Print by Albert Bierstadt

Rocky Mountain Goats

Study of Rocky Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

Study of Rocky Mountains

Wreck of the Ancon in Loring Bay. Alaska Print by Albert Bierstadt

Wreck of the Ancon in Loring Bay. Alaska

Mont Blanc Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mont Blanc

Storm Clouds Print by Albert Bierstadt

Storm Clouds

Study of Wild Horses Print by Albert Bierstadt

Study of Wild Horses

In the Foothills Print by Albert Bierstadt

In the Foothills

Monterey California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Monterey California

Trapped Print by Albert Bierstadt

Trapped

Study of a moose Print by Albert Bierstadt

Study of a moose

In the Tyrol Print by Albert Bierstadt

In the Tyrol

Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

Butterfly

View of Nassau the Bahamas Print by Albert Bierstadt

View of Nassau the Bahamas

The Blue Grotto. Capri Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Blue Grotto. Capri

Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

Yosemite

Mount Hood. Columbia River Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mount Hood. Columbia River

Sunset in California. Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sunset in California. Yosemite

A Western Waterfall Print by Albert Bierstadt

A Western Waterfall

Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

Lake Tahoe

Rocky Mountain Sheep Print by Albert Bierstadt

Rocky Mountain Sheep

Late Afternoon Sun Print by Albert Bierstadt

Late Afternoon Sun

Pemigewasset River. New Hampshire Print by Albert Bierstadt

Pemigewasset River. New Hampshire

Deep in the Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

Deep in the Rockies

Tottenham Church.London. 1869 Print by Albert Bierstadt

Tottenham Church.London. 1869

Southern Sierra, Mount Whitney Region Print by Albert Bierstadt

Southern Sierra, Mount Whitney Region

Source of the Snake River Print by Albert Bierstadt

Source of the Snake River

The Last of the Buffalo 2 Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Last of the Buffalo 2

Mountain Brook Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountain Brook

Mountain Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountain Landscape

River Valley Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

River Valley Landscape

Ruins-Campagna of Rome Print by Albert Bierstadt

Ruins-Campagna of Rome

The Falls Of Saint Anthony Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Falls Of Saint Anthony

Ruins of Paestum Print by Albert Bierstadt

Ruins of Paestum

Ocean Pool Farallon Islands California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Ocean Pool Farallon Islands California

View of Mount Rainier with Fishermen Print by Albert Bierstadt

View of Mount Rainier with Fishermen

Field of Red and Yellow Wildflowers Print by Albert Bierstadt

Field of Red and Yellow Wildflowers

Landscape with Trees and Lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

Landscape with Trees and Lake

A Path Through the Forest Print by Albert Bierstadt

A Path Through the Forest

Path by a Lake in a Fores Print by Albert Bierstadt

Path by a Lake in a Fores

Above the Timberline Print by Albert Bierstadt

Above the Timberline

Sea and Sky Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sea and Sky

Dunes and Clouds Print by Albert Bierstadt

Dunes and Clouds

Evening Sky Print by Albert Bierstadt

Evening Sky

Mount Vesuvius at Midnight Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mount Vesuvius at Midnight

White Mountains New Hampshire Print by Albert Bierstadt

White Mountains New Hampshire

Lake Rosalie. California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Lake Rosalie. California

Italian Costume Studies Print by Albert Bierstadt

Italian Costume Studies

Nevada Falls. Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

Nevada Falls. Yosemite

The Rocky Mountains Landers Peak Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Rocky Mountains Landers Peak

Oregon Trail Print by Albert Bierstadt

Oregon Trail

Hunter in the White Mountains Near Glen House detail Print by Albert Bierstadt

Hunter in the White Mountains Near Glen House detail

 Lake in the Sierra Nevada Print by Albert Bierstadt

Lake in the Sierra Nevada

In the High Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

In the High Mountains

 Sundown at Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sundown at Yosemite

 Peaks in the Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

Peaks in the Rockies

View of Glacier Park or Sunset on Peak Print by Albert Bierstadt

View of Glacier Park or Sunset on Peak

Geysers in Yellowstone Print by Albert Bierstadt

Geysers in Yellowstone

Forested hills Print by Albert Bierstadt

Forested hills

Covered wagons Print by Albert Bierstadt

Covered wagons

Evening on the Prairie Print by Albert Bierstadt

Evening on the Prairie

 Mountain landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountain landscape

Scene in Yosemite Valley Print by Albert Bierstadt

Scene in Yosemite Valley

The Domes of the Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

The Domes of the Yosemite

Cypress Point Monterey Print by Albert Bierstadt

Cypress Point Monterey

Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mountains

Twilight, Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

Twilight, Lake Tahoe

Landscape with Lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

Landscape with Lake

Lake in Moonlight Print by Albert Bierstadt

Lake in Moonlight

Mount Hood, Oregon Print by Albert Bierstadt

Mount Hood, Oregon

Sea Cove Print by Albert Bierstadt

Sea Cove

Albert Bierstadt

Buffalo Trail. The Impending Storm

Albert Bierstadt

Cloud Study. Moonlight

Albert Bierstadt

Entrance To The Golden Gate

Albert Bierstadt

The Falls Of Saint Anthony

Albert Bierstadt

In the Foothills

Albert Bierstadt

Jungfrau

Albert Bierstadt

Mount Brewer from King's River Canyon, California

Albert Bierstadt

Rocky Mountain Goats

Albert Bierstadt

Storm Clouds

Albert Bierstadt

Study of a moose

Albert Bierstadt

Study Of Rocky Mountains

Albert Bierstadt

The coming storm

Albert Bierstadt

Trapped

Albert Bierstadt

Wreck Of The Ancon In Loring Bay. Alaska

Albert Bierstadt

Landscape in the Bahamas

Albert Bierstadt

Bow River Falls. Canadian Rockies

Albert Bierstadt

Northwest Coast. Loring Bay. Alaska

Albert Bierstadt

The Wild West

Albert Bierstadt

Old Faithful

Albert Bierstadt

Trapper And Indian Guide On Horseback

Albert Bierstadt

Rockland County. California

Albert Bierstadt

Pink Butterfly

Albert Bierstadt

Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California

Albert Bierstadt

Lake Tahoe

Albert Bierstadt

A golden summer day near Oakland

Albert Bierstadt

A Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt. Rosalie

Albert Bierstadt

Alcatraz, San Francisco Bay

Albert Bierstadt

Autumn Landscape, New England

Albert Bierstadt

Bridal Veil Falls, Yosemite Valley, California

Albert Bierstadt

Covered wagons

Albert Bierstadt

Cypress Point, Monterey

Albert Bierstadt

Deer

Albert Bierstadt

Deer in Mountain Home

Albert Bierstadt

Estes Park, Colorado, Whyte's Lake

Albert Bierstadt

Evening on the Prairie

Albert Bierstadt

Forested hills

Albert Bierstadt

Geysers in Yellowstone

Albert Bierstadt

Glen Ellis Falls

Albert Bierstadt

Hunter in the White Mountains Near Glen House (detail)

Albert Bierstadt

In the High Mountains

Albert Bierstadt

Indian Canoe

Albert Bierstadt

Indian Encampment

Albert Bierstadt

Indian Encampment - Evening

Albert Bierstadt

Indian Hunters in Canoe

Albert Bierstadt

Indians spear fishing

Albert Bierstadt

Island Lake, Wind River Range, Wyoming

Albert Bierstadt

Lake in the Sierra Nevada

Albert Bierstadt

Lake Lucerne

Albert Bierstadt

Lake Scene

Albert Bierstadt

Lake Tahoe in winter, the Sierra Nevada, California

Albert Bierstadt

Looking from the Shade on Clay Hill

Albert Bierstadt

Mariposa Indian Encampment, Yosemite Valley, California

Albert Bierstadt

Minnehaha Falls

Albert Bierstadt

Mount Corcoran

Albert Bierstadt

Mountain landscape

Albert Bierstadt

Mountains

Albert Bierstadt

On the Hudson

Albert Bierstadt

On the Hudson River Near Irvington

Albert Bierstadt

Oregon Trail

Albert Bierstadt

Outlet at Lake Tahoe

Albert Bierstadt

Peaks in the Rockies

Albert Bierstadt

Puget Sound on the Pacific Coast

Albert Bierstadt

Rocky Mountain Landscape

Albert Bierstadt

Scene in Yosemite Valley

Albert Bierstadt

Seal Rock, California

Albert Bierstadt

Sioux Village near Fort Laramie

Albert Bierstadt

Snow in the Rockies

Albert Bierstadt

Summer Snow on the Peaks or Snow Capped Mountains

Albert Bierstadt

Sundown at Yosemite

Albert Bierstadt

Sundown on the Lake

Albert Bierstadt

Sunrise on Mount Tacoma

Albert Bierstadt

Surveyor's Wagon in the Rockies

Albert Bierstadt

The Grizzly Giant Sequoia, Mariposa Grove, California

Albert Bierstadt

The Last of the Buffalo

Albert Bierstadt

The Merced River in Yosemite

Albert Bierstadt

Untitled (mountains and lake)

Albert Bierstadt

Valley of the Yosemite

Albert Bierstadt

View of Chimney Rock, Ohalilah Sioux Village in the foreground

Albert Bierstadt

Wind River Country

Albert Bierstadt

Yellowstone Falls

Albert Bierstadt

The Domes of the Yosemite

Albert Bierstadt

The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak

Albert Bierstadt

Butterfly

Albert Bierstadt

Lake Tahoe

Albert Bierstadt

Sunset over the River

Albert Bierstadt

The Landing of Columbus

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Giant Redwood Trees of California Print by Albert Bierstadt

Giant Redwood Trees of California

Albert Bierstadt (January 7, 1830 – February 18, 1902) was an American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American West. To paint the scenes, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion. Though not the first artist to record these sites, Bierstadt was the foremost painter of these scenes for the remainder of the 19th century.

ALBERT BIERSTADT

Albert Bierstadt

Born in Germany, Bierstadt was brought to the United States at the age of one by his parents. He later returned to study painting for several years in Düsseldorf. He became part of the Hudson River School in New York, an informal group of like-minded painters who started painting along this scenic river. Their style was based on carefully detailed paintings with romantic, almost glowing lighting, sometimes called luminism. An important interpreter of the western landscape, Bierstadt, along with Thomas Moran, is also grouped with the Rocky Mountain School

Biography

Bierstadt was born in Solingen, Germany. The following year, in 1831, his family moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts. At an early age Bierstadt developed a taste for art and made clever crayon sketches in his youth. In 1851, he began to paint in oils.[2]
Map of Bierstadt's journey in 1859 and 1863.

He returned to Germany in 1853 and studied painting for several years in Düsseldorf with members of its informal school of painting. After returning to New Bedford in 1857, he taught drawing and painting briefly, before devoting himself full-time to painting.

In 1858 he exhibited a large painting of a Swiss landscape at the National Academy of Design, which gained him positive critical reception and honorary membership in the Academy.[3] At this time Bierstadt began painting scenes in New England and upstate New York, including in the Hudson River valley. A group of artists known as the Hudson River School portrayed its majestic landscapes and craggy areas, as well as the light affected by the changing waters. .

In 1859, Bierstadt traveled westward in the company of Frederick W. Lander, a land surveyor for the U.S. government, to see those landscapes. He returned to a studio he had taken at the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York with sketches that would result in numerous finished paintings. In 1863 he traveled west again, this time in the company of the author Fitz Hugh Ludlow, whose wife he would later marry. Throughout the 1860s, Bierstadt used studies from this trip as the source for large-scale paintings for exhibition. He continued to visit the American West throughout his career.

During the American Civil War, Bierstadt paid for a substitute to serve in his place when he was drafted in 1863. He completed one Civil War painting Guerrilla Warfare, Civil War in 1862, based on his brief experiences with soldiers stationed at Camp Cameron in 1861.[4] Bierstadt's painting was based on a stereo photograph taken by his brother Edward Bierstadt, who operated a photography studio at Langley's Tavern in Virginia. Bierstadt's painting received a positive review when it was exhibited at the Brooklyn Art Association at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in December 1861. Curator Eleanor Jones Harvey observes that Bierstadt's painting, created from photographs, "is quintessentially that of a voyeur, privy to the stories and unblemished by the violence and brutality of first-hand combat experience."[4]

In 1860, he was elected a member of the National Academy; he received medals in Austria, Bavaria, Belgium, and Germany.[5] In 1867 he traveled to London, where he exhibited two landscape paintings in a private reception with Queen Victoria.[6] He traveled through Europe for two years, cultivating social and business contacts to sustain the market for his work overseas.[6]

A trip to the Yellowstone region in 1871 yielded numerous drawings of the area's geysers and picturesque topography. These works were instrumental in convincing the United States Congress to pass the Yellowstone Park Bill in 1872, thus establishing the first national park in the world. Soon thereafter Congress purchased a large painting from Bierstadt for $10,000. As a result of the publicity generated by his Yellowstone paintings, Bierstadt's presence was requested by every explorer considering a westward expedition, and he was commissioned by the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad to visit the Grand Canyon for further subject matter.[7]
Rosalie Bierstadt, unknown date.

Bierstadt's technical proficiency, earned through his study of European landscape, was crucial to his success as a painter of the American West. It accounted for his popularity in disseminating views of the Rockies to those who had not seen them.[6] The immense canvases he produced after his trips with Lander and Ludlow established him as the preeminent painter of the western American landscape.[6] Financial recognition confirmed his status: The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak, completed in 1863, was purchased for $25,000 in 1865.[8]

Despite his popular success, Bierstadt was criticized by some contemporaries for the romanticism evident in his choices of subject[9] and his use of light was felt to be excessive. His exhibition pieces were brilliantly crafted images that glorified the American West as a land of promise.[10] Bierstadt's choice of grandiloquent subjects was matched by his entrepreneurial flair. His exhibitions of individual works were accompanied by promotion, ticket sales, and, in the words of one critic, a "vast machinery of advertisement and puffery."[11]

His wife was diagnosed with consumption in 1876, and from then until her death in 1893, Bierstadt spent time with her in the warmer climate of Nassau in the Bahamas. He also continued to travel to the West and Canada. In later life, Bierstadt's work fell increasingly out of critical favor. It was attacked for its theatrical tone.[6]

In 1882 Bierstadt's studio at Irvington, New York, was destroyed by fire, resulting in the loss of many of his paintings.[2] By the time of his death on February 18, 1902,[12] the taste for epic landscape painting had long since subsided. Bierstadt was then largely forgotten. He was buried at the Rural Cemetery in New Bedford, Massachusetts.

Interest in his work was renewed in the 1960s, with the exhibition of his small oil studies.[6] The subsequent reassessment of Bierstadt's work has placed it in a favorable context:

The temptation (to criticize him) should be steadfastly resisted. Bierstadt's theatrical art, fervent sociability, international outlook, and unquenchable personal energy reflected the epic expansion in every facet of western civilization during the second half of the nineteenth century.[13]

Bierstadt was a prolific artist, having completed over 500 paintings during his lifetime.[14] Many of these are held by museums across the United States.
Existing work
Main article: List of works by Albert Bierstadt

1855 - The Old Mill
1855 - The Portico of Octavia
1855 - Westphalia
1859 - The Wolf River, Kansas,[15] c. 1859, oil on canvas, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
1861 - Echo Lake, Franconia Mountains, NH,[16] Smith College Museum of Art,[17] Smith College, Northampton, MA
1863 - The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak, oil on canvas, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
1864 - Cho-looke, the Yosemite Fall, oil on canvas, Timken Museum of Art, San Diego, CA[18]
1864 - Valley of the Yosemite,[19] oil on paper, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
1866 - On the Hudson River Near Irvington, 1866-70, oil on paper, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, MA
1866 - A Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt. Rosalie, oil on canvas, Brooklyn Museum, New York City, New York
1868 - Connecticut River Valley, Claremont, New Hampshire, 1868, oil on canvas, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, MA
1868 - In the Sierras,[20] Fogg Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
1868 - Among the Sierra Nevada, California,[21] Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
1869 - Glen Ellis Falls, oil on canvas, Zimmerli Art Museum, New Brunswick, NJ
1871 - Domes of Yosemite,[22] c. 1871, St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, St. Johnsbury, VT
1874 - Giant Redwood Trees of California, c. 1874, oil on canvas, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, MA
1876 - Mount Corcoran,[23] c. 1876–77, oil on canvas, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1888 - The Last of the Buffalo,[24] oil on canvas, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1889 - Alaskan Coast Range,[25] c. 1889, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
1891 - The Last of the Buffalo,[26] c. 1891, vintage photogravure, Valley Fine Art Gallery, Aspen, Colorado
1895 - The Morteratsch Glacier Upper Engadine Valley - Pontresina


Legacy and honors
Bierstadt Lake, Rocky Mountain National Park

Because of Bierstadt's interest in mountain landscapes, Mount Bierstadt and Bierstadt Lake in Colorado are named in his honor. Bierstadt was probably the first European to visit the summit of Mount Evans in 1863, 1.5 miles from Mount Bierstadt.[27] Bierstadt named it Mount Rosa, a reference to both Monte Rosa above Zermatt and, Rosalie Ludlow, his future wife, but the name was changed from Rosalie to Evans in 1895 in honor of Colorado governor John Evans.
In 1998, the United States Postal Service issued a set of 20 commemorative stamps entitled "Four Centuries of American Art", one of which featured Albert Bierstadt's The Last of the Buffalo.[28] In 2008, the USPS issued a commemorative stamp in its "American Treasures" series featuring Bierstadt's 1864 painting Valley of the Yosemite.[29]
Valley of the Yosemite[30] also appears in a scene in Terry Gilliam's 1995 film Twelve Monkeys, accompanied by several doctors singing "Blueberry Hill".[31]
William Bliss Baker, another landscape artist, studied under Bierstadt.

See also

List of Hudson River School artists
List of works by Albert Bierstadt
Edward Bierstadt
History of painting
Western painting

References

"Picturing America's Natural Cathedrals". Tfaoi.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Bierstadt, Albert". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
"Artist Info". nga.gov.
Harvey, Eleanor Jones (2012). The Civil War and American Art. Smithsonian American Art Museum; Metropolitan Museum of Art. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-18733-5.
"Bierstadt, Albert". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.
National Gallery of Art
Barringer and Wilton, 250
"Albert Bierstadt: The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak (07.123) - Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History - The Metropolitan Museum of Art". metmuseum.org.
"Albert Bierstadt Images". Images.google.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
"Among the Sierra Nevada, California by Albert Bierstadt / American Art". si.edu.
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bierstadt, Albert". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Howat, John K., editor. American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School, 284. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987. ISBN 9780870994975
Glenda Moore (2004-09-09). "xmission.com". xmission.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
"Albert Bierstadt: The Wolf River, Kansas (61.28) — The Detroit Institute of Arts". Dia.org. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
"Echo Lake, Franconia Mountains, New Hampshire / North American / Art of the Americas / Highlights By Category / Collection Highlights / Collections / Smith College Museum of Art - Smith College Museum of Art". Scma.smith.edu. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
"Home / Smith College Museum of Art - Smith College Museum of Art". Smith.edu. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
"Cho-looke, the Yosemite Fall, 1864". Timken Museum of Art.
"Valley of the Yosemite". Retrieved 31 May 2014.
"In the Sierras". Harvard Art Museums. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
"Among the Sierra Nevada, California". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
"St. Johnsbury Athenaeum>>This Week from the Gallery Archives". Stjathenaeum.org. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
"Mount Corcoran | Corcoran". Collection.corcoran.org. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
"The Last of the Buffalo | Corcoran". Collection.corcoran.org. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
"Alaskan Coast Range". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
"Valley Fine Art". Valley Fine Art Gallery. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
William Newton Byers, Bierstadt's Visit to Colorado: Sketching for the famous painting Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Magazine of Western History, Vol. XI, No. 3, Jan. 1890; page 237.
"ArtOnStamps.org". ArtOnStamps.org. 2010-07-09. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
"The Postal Store @ USPS.com". Shop.usps.com. 2011-03-28. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
"image of Valley of the Yosemite". Retrieved 2012-12-19.

"Twelve Monkeys (1995)". IMDb.

Further reading

American paradise: the world of the Hudson River school. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. ISBN 9780870994968.
Anderson, Nancy K. et al. Albert Bierstadt, Art & Enterprise, Hudson Hills Press, Inc.: New York, New York, 1990.
Barringer, Tim and Wilton, Andrew. American Sublime: Landscape Painting in the United States 1820-1880, Princeton University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-691-09670-8
Hendricks, Gordon. Albert Bierstadt, Painter of the American West, Harrison House/Harry N. Abrams, Inc.: New York, New York 1988.

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